HSE University Anti-Corruption Portal
General Information
Anti-Corruption Track
Evaluation Mechanism

The UN is an international organization founded in 1945 to preserve and strengthen international peace and security and to develop cooperation among states. The UN is a major venue for the coordination of stances on the key issues of international cooperation. It initiated the conclusion of international agreements in multiple spheres, including anti-corruption.

There are 193 UN member states. The Secretary-General directs the UN activities and is appointed by the UN General Assembly for a 5-year term among the representatives of the UN member states and can be re-selected for a second term. Since January 1, 2017 the position of Secretary-General has been held by António Guterres from Portugal. The UN headquarters are in New York.

The UN activities on anti-corruption track are primarily focused on the implementation of the UN Convention against Corruption (UNCAC). The Convention was adopted by the UN General Assembly in 2003 and entered into force in 2005. At the moment the Convention counts 187 states parties, including Russia (since 2006).

The UNCAC is the only comprehensive international anti-corruption agreement, covering 5 major topics: preventive measures, criminalization and law enforcement, international cooperation, asset recovery, technical assistance and information exchange.

The United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) provides guidance and organizational support for the implementation of the Convention. In particular, UNODC develops recommendations for the application of the Convention, drafts analytical materials on different anti-corruption issues, manages the database of anti-corruption legislation of the states parties and organizes the monitoring of the implementation of the UNCAC by the states parties.

The most significant issues related to the implementation of the Convention, including the results of country reviews, are discussed in the course of regular meetings of different working groups. The key decisions on further application of the Convention are adopted in the framework of the Conference of the States parties which is held every 2 years. 

A special Implementation Review Mechanism was introduced in 2009 to monitor the process of the implementation of the Convention by the States parties. The review includes two cycles, each of which covers the implementation of specific chapters of the Convention. The first cycle of the review was scheduled for the period from 2010 through 2015 and covered chapters III and IV of the Convention. The second cycle regarding chapters II and V was launched in 2016.

Each State party is reviewed by two other countries, selected by a drawing of lots. They analyze relevant national legislation and documents and may send their experts to the country under review to meet officials of its competent authorities, representatives of private sector and civil society. The country pairings for the first cycle of the Mechanism for the review of implementation of the Convention is available here, and here for the second cycle.

In the conclusion of the review a country report is prepared. The document contains the information on the application of the Convention and recommendations on the elimination of the detected flaws. The executive summary is published online. The country concerned may decide whether to publish the whole text of the report or not.

All executive summaries and country profiles are available here.

 
Members of the United Nations
Afghanistan
Cuba
Iraq
Namibia
Slovenia
Albania
Cyprus
Ireland
Nauru
Solomon Islands
Algeria
Czech Republic
Israel
Nepal
South Africa
Angola
Democratic Republic of the Congo
Italy
Netherlands
South Sudan
Antigua and Barbuda
Denmark
Ivory Coast
New Zealand
Spain
Argentina
Djibouti
Jamaica
Nicaragua
Sri Lanka
Armenia
Dominica
Japan
Niger
Sudan
Australia
Dominican Republic
Jordan
Nigeria
Swaziland
Austria
East Timor
Kazakhstan
Niue
Sweden
Azerbaijan
Ecuador
Kenya
North Macedonia
Switzerland
Bahrain
Egypt
Kiribati
Norway
Tajikistan
Bangladesh
El Salvador
Kuwait
Oman
Tanzania
Belarus
Equatorial Guinea
Kyrgyzstan
Pakistan
Thailand
Belgium
Estonia
Laos
Palau
The Bahamas
Belize
Eswatini
Latvia
Palestine
The Gambia
Benin
Ethiopia
Lebanon
Panama
Togo
Bhutan
EU
Lesotho
Papua New Guinea
Tonga
Bolivia
Federated States of Micronesia
Liberia
Paraguay
Trinidad and Tobago
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Fiji
Libya
Peru
Tunisia
Botswana
Finland
Liechtenstein
Philippines
Turkey
Brazil
France
Lithuania
Poland
Turkmenistan
Brunei Darussalam
Gabon
Luxembourg
Portugal
Tuvalu
Bulgaria
Georgia
Madagascar
Qatar
Uganda
Burkina Faso
Germany
Malawi
Republic of Korea
Ukraine
Burundi
Ghana
Malaysia
Republic of the Congo
United Arab Emirates
Cambodia
Greece
Maldives
Romania
United Kingdom
Cameroon
Grenada
Mali
Russia
Uruguay
Canada
Guatemala
Malta
Rwanda
USA
Cape Verde
Guinea
Marshall Islands
Saint Lucia
Uzbekistan
Central African Republic
Guinea-Bissau
Mauritania
Samoa
Vanuatu
Chad
Guyana
Mauritius
São Tomé and Príncipe
Venezuela
Chile
Haiti
Mexico
Saudi Arabia
Viet Nam
China
Honduras
Moldova
Senegal
Yemen
Colombia
Hungary
Mongolia
Serbia
Zambia
Comoros
Iceland
Montenegro
Seychelles
Zimbabwe
Cook Islands
India
Morocco
Sierra Leone
Costa Rica
Indonesia
Mozambique
Singapore
Croatia
Iran
Myanmar
Slovakia
Afghanistan
Ecuador
Libya
Rwanda
Albania
Egypt
Liechtenstein
Saint Lucia
Algeria
El Salvador
Lithuania
Samoa
Angola
Equatorial Guinea
Luxembourg
São Tomé and Príncipe
Antigua and Barbuda
Estonia
Madagascar
Saudi Arabia
Argentina
Eswatini
Malawi
Senegal
Armenia
Ethiopia
Malaysia
Serbia
Australia
EU
Maldives
Seychelles
Austria
Federated States of Micronesia
Mali
Sierra Leone
Azerbaijan
Fiji
Malta
Singapore
Bahrain
Finland
Marshall Islands
Slovakia
Bangladesh
France
Mauritania
Slovenia
Belarus
Gabon
Mauritius
Solomon Islands
Belgium
Georgia
Mexico
South Africa
Belize
Germany
Moldova
South Sudan
Benin
Ghana
Mongolia
Spain
Bhutan
Greece
Montenegro
Sri Lanka
Bolivia
Grenada
Morocco
Sudan
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Guatemala
Mozambique
Swaziland
Botswana
Guinea
Myanmar
Sweden
Brazil
Guinea-Bissau
Namibia
Switzerland
Brunei Darussalam
Guyana
Nauru
Tajikistan
Bulgaria
Haiti
Nepal
Tanzania
Burkina Faso
Honduras
Netherlands
Thailand
Burundi
Hungary
New Zealand
The Bahamas
Cambodia
Iceland
Nicaragua
The Gambia
Cameroon
India
Niger
Togo
Canada
Indonesia
Nigeria
Tonga
Cape Verde
Iran
Niue
Trinidad and Tobago
Central African Republic
Iraq
North Macedonia
Tunisia
Chad
Ireland
Norway
Turkey
Chile
Israel
Oman
Turkmenistan
China
Italy
Pakistan
Tuvalu
Colombia
Ivory Coast
Palau
Uganda
Comoros
Jamaica
Palestine
Ukraine
Cook Islands
Japan
Panama
United Arab Emirates
Costa Rica
Jordan
Papua New Guinea
United Kingdom
Croatia
Kazakhstan
Paraguay
Uruguay
Cuba
Kenya
Peru
USA
Cyprus
Kiribati
Philippines
Uzbekistan
Czech Republic
Kuwait
Poland
Vanuatu
Democratic Republic of the Congo
Kyrgyzstan
Portugal
Venezuela
Denmark
Laos
Qatar
Viet Nam
Djibouti
Latvia
Republic of Korea
Yemen
Dominica
Lebanon
Republic of the Congo
Zambia
Dominican Republic
Lesotho
Romania
Zimbabwe
East Timor
Liberia
Russia
Afghanistan
Greece
Pakistan
Albania
Grenada
Palau
Algeria
Guatemala
Palestine
Angola
Guinea
Panama
Antigua and Barbuda
Guinea-Bissau
Papua New Guinea
Argentina
Guyana
Paraguay
Armenia
Haiti
Peru
Australia
Honduras
Philippines
Austria
Hungary
Poland
Azerbaijan
Iceland
Portugal
Bahrain
India
Qatar
Bangladesh
Indonesia
Republic of Korea
Belarus
Iran
Republic of the Congo
Belgium
Iraq
Romania
Belize
Ireland
Russia
Benin
Israel
Rwanda
Bhutan
Italy
Saint Lucia
Bolivia
Ivory Coast
Samoa
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Jamaica
São Tomé and Príncipe
Botswana
Japan
Saudi Arabia
Brazil
Jordan
Senegal
Brunei Darussalam
Kazakhstan
Serbia
Bulgaria
Kenya
Seychelles
Burkina Faso
Kiribati
Sierra Leone
Burundi
Kuwait
Singapore
Cambodia
Kyrgyzstan
Slovakia
Cameroon
Laos
Slovenia
Canada
Latvia
Solomon Islands
Cape Verde
Lebanon
South Africa
Central African Republic
Lesotho
South Sudan
Chad
Liberia
Spain
Chile
Libya
Sri Lanka
China
Liechtenstein
Sudan
Colombia
Lithuania
Swaziland
Comoros
Luxembourg
Sweden
Cook Islands
Madagascar
Switzerland
Costa Rica
Malawi
Tajikistan
Croatia
Malaysia
Tanzania
Cuba
Maldives
Thailand
Cyprus
Mali
The Bahamas
Czech Republic
Malta
The Gambia
Democratic Republic of the Congo
Marshall Islands
Togo
Denmark
Mauritania
Tonga
Djibouti
Mauritius
Trinidad and Tobago
Dominica
Mexico
Tunisia
Dominican Republic
Moldova
Turkey
East Timor
Mongolia
Turkmenistan
Ecuador
Montenegro
Tuvalu
Egypt
Morocco
Uganda
El Salvador
Mozambique
Ukraine
Equatorial Guinea
Myanmar
United Arab Emirates
Estonia
Namibia
United Kingdom
Eswatini
Nauru
Uruguay
Ethiopia
Nepal
USA
EU
Netherlands
Uzbekistan
Federated States of Micronesia
New Zealand
Vanuatu
Fiji
Nicaragua
Venezuela
Finland
Niger
Viet Nam
France
Nigeria
Yemen
Gabon
Niue
Zambia
Georgia
North Macedonia
Zimbabwe
Germany
Norway
Ghana
Oman
Afghanistan
Libya
Albania
Liechtenstein
Algeria
Lithuania
Angola
Luxembourg
Antigua and Barbuda
Madagascar
Argentina
Malawi
Armenia
Malaysia
Australia
Maldives
Austria
Mali
Azerbaijan
Malta
Bahrain
Marshall Islands
Bangladesh
Mauritania
Belarus
Mauritius
Belgium
Mexico
Belize
Moldova
Benin
Mongolia
Bhutan
Montenegro
Bolivia
Morocco
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Mozambique
Botswana
Myanmar
Brazil
Namibia
Brunei Darussalam
Nauru
Bulgaria
Nepal
Burkina Faso
Netherlands
Burundi
New Zealand
Cambodia
Nicaragua
Cameroon
Niger
Canada
Nigeria
Cape Verde
Niue
Central African Republic
North Macedonia
Chad
Norway
Chile
Oman
China
Pakistan
Colombia
Palau
Comoros
Palestine
Cook Islands
Panama
Costa Rica
Papua New Guinea
Croatia
Paraguay
Cuba
Peru
Cyprus
Philippines
Czech Republic
Poland
Democratic Republic of the Congo
Portugal
Denmark
Qatar
Djibouti
Republic of Korea
Dominica
Republic of the Congo
Dominican Republic
Romania
East Timor
Russia
Ecuador
Rwanda
Egypt
Saint Lucia
El Salvador
Samoa
Equatorial Guinea
São Tomé and Príncipe
Estonia
Saudi Arabia
Eswatini
Senegal
Ethiopia
Serbia
EU
Seychelles
Federated States of Micronesia
Sierra Leone
Fiji
Singapore
Finland
Slovakia
France
Slovenia
Gabon
Solomon Islands
Georgia
South Africa
Germany
South Sudan
Ghana
Spain
Greece
Sri Lanka
Grenada
Sudan
Guatemala
Swaziland
Guinea
Sweden
Guinea-Bissau
Switzerland
Guyana
Tajikistan
Haiti
Tanzania
Honduras
Thailand
Hungary
The Bahamas
Iceland
The Gambia
India
Togo
Indonesia
Tonga
Iran
Trinidad and Tobago
Iraq
Tunisia
Ireland
Turkey
Israel
Turkmenistan
Italy
Tuvalu
Ivory Coast
Uganda
Jamaica
Ukraine
Japan
United Arab Emirates
Jordan
United Kingdom
Kazakhstan
Uruguay
Kenya
USA
Kiribati
Uzbekistan
Kuwait
Vanuatu
Kyrgyzstan
Venezuela
Laos
Viet Nam
Latvia
Yemen
Lebanon
Zambia
Lesotho
Zimbabwe
Liberia
Afghanistan
Albania
Algeria
Angola
Antigua and Barbuda
Argentina
Armenia
Australia
Austria
Azerbaijan
Bahrain
Bangladesh
Belarus
Belgium
Belize
Benin
Bhutan
Bolivia
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Botswana
Brazil
Brunei Darussalam
Bulgaria
Burkina Faso
Burundi
Cambodia
Cameroon
Canada
Cape Verde
Central African Republic
Chad
Chile
China
Colombia
Comoros
Cook Islands
Costa Rica
Croatia
Cuba
Cyprus
Czech Republic
Democratic Republic of the Congo
Denmark
Djibouti
Dominica
Dominican Republic
East Timor
Ecuador
Egypt
El Salvador
Equatorial Guinea
Estonia
Eswatini
Ethiopia
EU
Federated States of Micronesia
Fiji
Finland
France
Gabon
Georgia
Germany
Ghana
Greece
Grenada
Guatemala
Guinea
Guinea-Bissau
Guyana
Haiti
Honduras
Hungary
Iceland
India
Indonesia
Iran
Iraq
Ireland
Israel
Italy
Ivory Coast
Jamaica
Japan
Jordan
Kazakhstan
Kenya
Kiribati
Kuwait
Kyrgyzstan
Laos
Latvia
Lebanon
Lesotho
Liberia
Libya
Liechtenstein
Lithuania
Luxembourg
Madagascar
Malawi
Malaysia
Maldives
Mali
Malta
Marshall Islands
Mauritania
Mauritius
Mexico
Moldova
Mongolia
Montenegro
Morocco
Mozambique
Myanmar
Namibia
Nauru
Nepal
Netherlands
New Zealand
Nicaragua
Niger
Nigeria
Niue
North Macedonia
Norway
Oman
Pakistan
Palau
Palestine
Panama
Papua New Guinea
Paraguay
Peru
Philippines
Poland
Portugal
Qatar
Republic of Korea
Republic of the Congo
Romania
Russia
Rwanda
Saint Lucia
Samoa
São Tomé and Príncipe
Saudi Arabia
Senegal
Serbia
Seychelles
Sierra Leone
Singapore
Slovakia
Slovenia
Solomon Islands
South Africa
South Sudan
Spain
Sri Lanka
Sudan
Swaziland
Sweden
Switzerland
Tajikistan
Tanzania
Thailand
The Bahamas
The Gambia
Togo
Tonga
Trinidad and Tobago
Tunisia
Turkey
Turkmenistan
Tuvalu
Uganda
Ukraine
United Arab Emirates
United Kingdom
Uruguay
USA
Uzbekistan
Vanuatu
Venezuela
Viet Nam
Yemen
Zambia
Zimbabwe
Documents
The United Nations Convention against Corruption (UNCAC)

It is the first international legal document against corruption, which was adopted in the 58th plenary of the UN General Assembly on October 31, 2003 and entered into force on December 14, 2005. The Convention covers five major areas: preventive measures, criminalization and law enforcement, international cooperation, asset recovery technical assistance and information exchange.

Guidance materials on the implementation of the Convention

The UN has developed a series of regularly updated tools, guides and publications to provide guidance and advice for the prevention of and fight against corruption, economic fraud and similar crimes. The materials are designed to deepen the knowledge of major problems, political measures and best practices related to the implementation of the Convention with specific regard to the requirements of the Mechanism of its implementation.

Materials of the Conference of the States Parties

In accordance with article 63 of the UNCAC a Conference of the States Parties to the Convention was established to improve the capacity of and cooperation between States Parties to achieve the objectives of the Convention and review its implementation. The Conference is normally held every two years. In this section there are relevant documents, adopted by the Conference.

United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime

The section of the website of the UN Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) on the action against corruption and economic crime.

 
News

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