HSE University Anti-Corruption Portal
Anti-Corruption Results of 2023

Summarizing the outcomes of the past year, we recall the main events in the field of prevention and combating corruption in Russia and other countries.

General Issues in the Sphere of Anti-Corruption

Over the past year, reports and methodological materials dedicated to general issues and trends in the application of law in the field of anti-corruption were published, including:

  • A Handbook of Good Practices in the fight against corruption in EU countries, prepared by the European Commission (hereinafter referred to as the Commission);
  • The Commission's annual Justice Scoreboard report, which for the first time included data on law enforcement in the field of anti-corruption;
  • A report by the International Law Association on current challenges to the fight against corruption and possible ways to overcome them;
  • Analytical publications by U4 on combating "grand corruption" and systemic corruption.

Some countries also released general strategic documents in the field of anti-corruption: in particular, in the United States, the Strategy on Countering Corruption Implementation Plan was adopted.

Authorities Responsible for Combating Corruption

In several countries, specialized anti-corruption bodies were established in 2023, including:

  • The International Commission against Corruption and Impunity in Honduras;
  • The Anti-Corruption Authority in Gibraltar;
  • The Anti-Corruption Bureau in Georgia;
  • The Office of the Special Prosecutor in Saint Kitts and Nevis, empowered to investigate corruption-related crimes and prosecute offenders, as well as to collect, store, and process information received from whistleblowers.

Additionally, various reports and methodological materials were released for those responsible for combating corruption, including:

Anti-Corruption Standards

This year, several countries have taken steps to improve their systems of restrictions, prohibitions, and obligations established to combat corruption.

In Kazakhstan, amendments were made concerning the restrictions on the employment of relatives in the same quasi-public sector entities.

In Uzbekistan, measures were introduced to refine the mechanism for regulating the acceptance of gifts by officials.

In Monaco, anti-corruption standards for government members were established.

Paraguay enacted a legal norm setting out standards concerning conflict of interest.

Belarus updated a range of anti-corruption provisions, including those related to assets declaration, gift acceptance, and the employment of relatives together.

Changes in the legislation concerning asset declaration were also made in:

  • Greece, where a new procedure for disclosing assets and interest was defines;
  • Sri Lanka, where all public officials are now required to submit asset declarations.

In the meantime, the Stolen Asset Recovery Initiative (StAR) presented a technical guide on choosing an effective form of asset and interest disclosure.

Measures of Responsibility for Corruption Offences

In several countries, measures have been implemented to enhance the effectiveness of prosecuting corruption.

Specifically, in Kazakhstan, liability was established for unjust enrichment, and in Sri Lanka, the list of corruption-related offenses was expanded.

Simultaneously, several countries amended or adopted norms related to asset confiscation, including those obtained through corruption crimes.

In Belarus, the grounds for seizing (recovering) illegally obtained property and/or the value of illegally obtained work or services were changed.

In Venezuela, a procedure was established for the forfeiture of the proceeds of illegal activities.

In Kazakhstan, a separate law on asset confiscation was adopted.

Additionally, StAR published a guide on the confiscation of unexplained wealth in civil proceedings.

Combating Corruption in the Business Sector

In 2023, both researchers and legislators remained focused on combating corruption in the business sector. Notable analytical and methodological materials released included:

Legislative changes addressing corruption in the private sector were also made in several countries.

In the US, the corporate law enforcement policy was revised, allowing for the possibility of waiving criminal prosecution even in the presence of aggravating circumstances and increasing 'discounts' when imposing fines, as well as an updated version of the Policy on Evaluating of Corporate Compliance Programs was published.

In the United Kingdom, the procedure for combating fraud and corruption in private sector organizations was amended.

In Brazil, under the leadership of the Comptroller General of the Union, the National Network for Promoting Private Integrity was launched.

Regarding the enforcement of anti-corruption laws in the private sector, the primary focus remained on combating the bribery of foreign public officials.

In the USA, Ericsson was held accountable for failing to comply with the terms of a previously concluded DPA, and the Rafoi case continued, signaling to all natural and legal persons who can potentially be subject to the FCPA enforcement and consider any interaction with public authorities, including non-American and not involving indictment in the beginning, as “official” and requiring thorough preparations and lawyer’s advice.

And in Canada, the first pre-trial agreement in a foreign bribery case was concluded.

Disclosing Corruption and Protection of Whistleblowers

Issues of disclosing corruption and protecting whistleblowers has become a prominent theme of the past year.

By the end of 2023, all EU member states had implemented the provisions of the European Parliament and Council Directive 2019/1937/EU of 26 November 2019 on the protection of persons who report breaches of Union law.

Meanwhile, similar norms concerning disclosures and the protection of whistleblowers were adopted in Chile, Sri Lanka, and Kazakhstan.

In some countries, special bodies responsible for receiving information about corruption violations and protecting individuals who disclose such information were established, including:

  • The Commission to Investigate Allegations on Bribery and Corruption in Sri Lanka;
  • The Independent Authority for the Protection of Whistleblowers in Spain.

Countering Corruption in Public Procurement

This year, a series of legislative amendments in foreign countries also addressed issues of combating corruption in public procurement.

In particular, in the USA, rules were modified to prevent conflicts of interest among government contractors, and in El Salvador, the rules for concluding government contracts were revised.

Anti-Corruption Education and Awareness-Raising

In the past year, the International Anti-Corruption Academy introduced courses developed with the participation of experts from the Anti-Corruption Center of the Higher School of Economics University (hereinafter referred to as the HSE), including:

  • On corporate liability for corruption;
  • On how to build a whistleblowing system to counter corruption.

The Global Infrastructure Anti-Corruption Center published a free course on preventing corruption in infrastructure projects for use in higher education institutions.

Additionally, several analytical papers on anti-corruption education were released, including:

Furthermore, the African Union announced the creation of the African Anti-Corruption Research Network (AACRN).

Measuring Corruption

Regarding the ever-relevant topic of measuring corruption, this past year the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) prepared the draft Statistical Framework to Measure Corruption, and the OECD introduced the Public Sector Integrity Indicators.

Additionally, as is customary, a number of anti-corruption rankings were published, including:

International Cooperation

In 2023, a series of international events dedicated to various aspects of combating corruption were held, including:

Additionally, at the end of the year, the tenth Conference of the States Parties to the United Nations Convention against Corruption took place. The conference resulted in the adoption of the Atlantic Declaration, which promotes various forms of accountability in the fight against corruption, and a number of resolutions on specific areas, including issues raised for the first time at this event:

  • Combating corruption in public procurement;
  • Protection of whistleblowers;
  • The connection between corruption and organized crime;
  • Addressing gender inequality as a means to combat corruption.

Combatting Corruption in the Russian Federation

This year in our country, the following legal acts were adopted:

Anti-Corruption Portal and Anti-Corruption Center

Over the past year on our Portal:

  • A database of movies and series dedicated to the theme of corruption was introduced;
  • New infographics providing information on anti-corruption and other related legal provisions of different jurisdictions important for the business-sector organizations were published;
  • Profiles of several South American countries were added;
  • The "Publications" section was updated, containing information on research publications on various aspects of anti-corruption efforts;
  • The "Web Sites" section was supplemented, which includes links to external resources that we find interesting and useful.

Furthermore, this year the HSE Anti-Corruption Center:

  • Published an article based on previously conducted research on undue techniques used by unscrupulous customers to design corrupt tenders;
  • Developed an "Electronic Assistant for Identifying Conflicts of Interest" (we briefly mentioned the general principles of its operation here).
Conflict of interest
Corruption whistleblowers
Corruption measurement
Corruption in sport
Illicit enrichment
Asset disclosure
Education and enlightenment
Corruption in public procurement
International cooperation
Anti-corruption authorities
Standards of conduct
Foreign bribery
Anti-corruption policies and strategies
Criminal prosecution

We use cookies in order to improve the quality and usability of the HSE website. More information about the use of cookies is available here, and the regulations on processing personal data can be found here. By continuing to use the site, you hereby confirm that you have been informed of the use of cookies by the HSE website and agree with our rules for processing personal data. You may disable cookies in your browser settings.