The anti-corruption activities of the OECD are primarily focused on the implementation of the OECD Convention on Combating Bribery of Foreign Public Officials in International Business Transactions. The Convention was adopted in 1997. It has to date been ratified by 37 OECD member states and 7 countries that are not members of the organization, including Russia which ratified the Convention in 2012.
Originally, the Convention was designed to counter one of the corrupt practices, i.e. bribery of foreign public officials by companies from other countries so that the latter could gain competitive advantages. At the same time its implementation provides for the establishment of a series of mechanisms whose impact is much wider than the narrow area mentioned in the title. In addition to the Convention a set of recommendations on its implementation was adopted. The recommendations often significantly broaden its content.
In order to discuss the progress in the implementation of the Convention the Working Group on Bribery in International Business Transactions was established. Its meetings are held four times a year.
Besides the activities aimed at implementing the Convention, the OECD runs a number of other anti-corruption projects. Today the OECD is a major international analytical centre for anti-corruption issues. Specifically, the OECD often publishes its own analytical materials on such topics as the establishment of the standards for conduct and conflict-of-interest management, fight against corruption in public procurement, regulation of lobbying etc.
In 2019, the OECD launched on its website the Anti-Corruption & Integrity Hub. The Hub contains the text of the OECD Anti-Bribery Convention together with related documents and data on its implementation, as well as numerous toolkits, guidelines, manuals, other publications, and information on OECD activities.