HSE University Anti-Corruption Portal
General Information
Anti-Corruption Track
Evaluation Mechanism

APEC is a regional economic forum, established in 1989 to leverage the growing interdependence in the Asia-Pacific region. The forum has 21 member economies and is designed to strengthen regional trade and facilitate and liberalize investments. APEC’s goal is to increase economic growth and prosperity of the region as well as to consolidate the Asia-Pacific community. Russia joined APEC in 1998.

Considering the fact that APEC is not a conventional international organization, it has not a rigid organization structure or a formal leader. The agenda of the APEC summit is defined by the host country that holds the chair of the forum for one year. In 2019 APEC was hosted by Chile, in 2020 by Malaysia and in 2021 it is New Zeland that holds the chair. Although, it has a permanent secretariat responsible for providing advisory services and logistical support. The APEC secretariat is in Singapore.

The anti-corruption issues within APEC are addressed by the Anti-Corruption and Transparency Experts Working Group (ACTWG), firstly as an Anti-Corruption Task Force, established in 2004, which status was upgraded to a Working Group in 2011. The ACTWG holds its plenary meetings twice a year. The reference documents that define the major items of the APEC anti-corruption agenda are the APEC Transparency Standards and the following document, adopted by the leaders at the 12th summit in 2004:

  • Santiago Commitment to Fight Corruption and Ensure Transparency;
  • АРЕС Course of Action on Fighting Corruption and Ensuring Transparency, adopted as a follow-up to the Santiago Commitment.

The ACTWG also facilitates the implementation of the UN Convention against corruption by its States parties and of the Beijing Declaration on Fighting Corruption, adopted in 2015.

In 2013-2014 the ACTWG established the Network of Anti-Corruption Authorities and Law Enforcements Agencies that deals not only with sharing best practices in investigations and prosecutions of corruption, but also advances pragmatic international cooperation in the investigation of such cases.

APEC does not have a mechanism for evaluating the efforts of its member economies in countering corruption. However, the ACTWG in its plenary meetings addresses the results of the implementation of the projects funded by APEC as well as the best practices of its member economies in countering corruption.

Member economies
Documents
Santiago Commitment to Fight Corruption and Ensure Transparency

In 2004 the leaders of the APEC member economies adopted the Santiago Commitment to Fight Corruption and Ensure Transparency and the АРЕС Course of Action on Fighting Corruption and Ensuring Transparency.

In first document the member economies reaffirm their commitment to take specific action to fight corruption and ensure transparency and integrity in the management of public affairs and public property.

 

APEC Course of Action on Fighting Corruption and Ensuring Transparency

In 2004 the leaders of the APEC member economies adopted the Santiago Commitment to Fight Corruption and Ensure Transparency and the АРЕС Course of Action on Fighting Corruption and Ensuring Transparency.

The Course of Action contains recommendations on adopting specific measures against corruption in different areas. It requires, among other things, that the member economies ratify and implement the UN Convention against Corruption, provide assistance to other member economies in preventing corruption and enhancing transparency of the public sector, adopt measures to fight corruption in the private sector through promoting integrity in the management of business affairs and the implementation of the accountancy standards, as well as engage civil society, NGOs, organizations of the private sector and international organizations to fight corruption and promote the integrity standards in the Asia-Pacific region.

Conduct Principles for Public Officials

The document sets out basic principles that the member economies should take into consideration in drafting of codes of conduct for public officials.

APEC Anti-Corruption Code of Conduct for Business

The document contains the key principles and issues that the organizations of the private sector should take into consideration in creating the integrity and transparency system for the management of business affairs.

Complementary Anti-Corruption Principles for the Public and Private Sectors

The high-level document is designed to highlight the complementary character of the APEC Anti-Corruption Code of Conduct for Business and the Conduct Principles for Public Officials.

 
Statement of Actions for Fighting Corruption through Improved Legal Cooperation

The document highlights the member economies’ commitment to cooperation in fighting corruption by means of mutual assistance, extradition and other legal means.

Anti-Corruption and Transparency Experts Working Group Multi-Year Strategic Plan 2019-2022

The document outlines the main objectives of the ACTWG activities for the years 2019-2022 and the key measures that are necessary to attain them.

Other documents of the Anti-Corruption and Transparency Experts Working Group

The section of the APEC website with all the documents that were adopted or considered by the ACTWG, sorted by year. To consult a certain document, please select a year and press “Browse”.

15 Years Compilation, APEC Anti-Corruption and Transparency Experts Working Group

The Compilation proposes a brief description of all key documents adopted by the ACTWG since its establishment.

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