HSE University Anti-Corruption Portal
Comparison of countries
Viet Nam
Spain
Indices
Overall Score:
36 out of 100
Rank:
104 out of 180
Rank:
37 out of 133
Overall Score:
0,49 out of 1
Rank:
85 out of 128
Overall Score:
38 out of 100
Overall Score:
76 out of 150
Rank:
84 out of 128
Overall Score:
4,96 out of 10
Rank:
102 out of 117
Overall Score:
62 out of 100
Rank:
32 out of 180
Rank:
66 out of 133
Overall Score:
0,73 out of 1
Rank:
19 out of 128
Overall Score:
53 out of 100
Overall Score:
73 out of 150
Rank:
90 out of 128
Overall Score:
8,14 out of 10
Rank:
24 out of 117
International Cooperation
UN
APEC
UN
GRECO
OECD
FATF
IACA
Viet Nam
  • The UN Convention against Corruption was ratified in 2009.
  • The review under the first cycle of the Implementation Review Mechanism is completed. The country report is available here.
  • APEC’s member since 1998.
Spain
  • The UN Convention against Corruption was ratified in 2006.
  • The review under the first cycle of the Implementation Review Mechanism is completed. The country report is available here.
  • GRECO’s member since 1999.
  • The Council of Europe’s Criminal Law Convention on Corruption was ratified in 2010.
  • The Council of Europe’s Civil Law Convention on Corruption was ratified in 2009.
  • The fifth evaluation round is completed. The evaluation report is available here.
  • The OECD Convention on Combating Bribery of Foreign Public Officials in International Business Transactions was ratified in 2000.
  • The country is undergoing Phase 3 evaluation of the implementation of the Convention. The report is available here.
  • Member of the FATF since 1990.
  • Evaluation Report on compliance with the FATF recommendations is available here.
  • The Agreement for the Establishment of the International Anti-Corruption Academy as an International Organization was ratified in 2011.
Main Legislation
Viet Nam
  1. Criminal Code, Chapter XXIII «Offences Related to Abuse of Power», articles 353-359 and 364-366
    (Bộ luật hình sự, Chương XXIII: Các tội phạm về chức vụ, Điều 353-359, 364-366), (Vietnamese), (English);

  2. Law No. 22/2008/QH12 of November 13, 2008 «On Cadres and Civil Servants»
    (Luật cán bộ, công chức 22/2008/QH12), (Vietnamese), (English);

  3. Law No. 25/2018/QH14 of June 12, 2018 «On Denunciation»
    (Luật Tố cáo 25/2018/QH14), (Vietnamese), (English);

  4. Law No. 36/2018/QH14 of November 20, 2018 «On Anti-Corruption»
    (Luật Phòng, chống tham nhũng №36/2018/QH14), (Vietnamese), (English);

  5. Decree No. 59/2019/NĐ-CP of July 1, 2019 «On Elaborating on a Number of Articles and Measures for Implementation of the Law on Anti-Corruption»
    (Nghị định 59/2019/NĐ-CP hướng dẫn Luật Phòng, chống tham nhũng), (Vietnamese);

  6. Decree No. 130/2020/NĐ-CP of 20 December, 2020 «On Control over the Income and Assets of Officials»
    (Nghị định 130/2020/NĐ-CP kiểm soát tài sản thu nhập của người có chức vụ trong cơ quan tổ chức), (Vietnamese).

Spain
  1. Criminal Code, Division XIX, Chapter V - Bribes, Chapter VI – Trading in Influence, Chapter IX – Talks and Actions Forbidden to Public Officials and Abuse of Functions; Division XI, Section 4 – Corruption in Business; Articles 31bis-31 quinquies
    (Codigo Penal, Titulo XIX, Сapítulo V, VI, IX; Titulo XI, Sección 4; Artículo 31bis-31 quinquies), (Spanish);

  2. Law on Civil Service, Division III, Chapter VIII
    (Ley articulada de Funcionarios Civiles del Estado: Titulo III, Capitulo VIII), (Spanish);

  3. Organic Law of December 26, 1984 No. 53/84 «On Restrictions on Civil Servants»
    (Ley Orgánica 53/84, de 26 de diciembre, de Incompatibilidades del personal al servicio de las Administraciones Públicas), (Spanish);

  4. Law of December 9, 2013 No. 19 «On Transparency and Free Access to Information»
    (Ley 19/2013, de 9 de diciembre, de transparencia, acceso a la información pública y buen gobierno), (Spanish);

  5. Law of March 30, 2015 «On the Duties of Persons Occupying Highest Positions in Public Administration»
    (Ley 3/2015, de 30 de marzo, reguladora del ejercicio del alto cargo de la Administración General del Estado), (Spanish).

Anti-Corruption Bodies
Viet Nam
  1. Central Committee of Viet Nam for the Prevention of Corruption
    (Ban Chỉ đạo Trung ương về phòng, chống tham nhũng), (Vietnamese);

  2. The Government Inspectorate of Vietnam
    (Thanh tra Chính phủ)(Vietnamese), (English)

Spain
  1. Special Prosecutor’s Office for Countering Corruption and Organized Crime
    (Fiscalía Especial contra la Corrupción y el Crimen Organizado), (Spanish)

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