HSE University Anti-Corruption Portal
Comparison of countries
Viet Nam
Portugal
Indices
Overall Score:
37 out of 100
Rank:
96 out of 180
Rank:
37 out of 133
Overall Score:
0,49 out of 1
Rank:
85 out of 128
Overall Score:
38 out of 100
Overall Score:
76 out of 150
Rank:
84 out of 128
Overall Score:
4,96 out of 10
Rank:
102 out of 117
Overall Score:
62 out of 100
Rank:
30 out of 180
Rank:
76 out of 133
Overall Score:
0,70 out of 1
Rank:
23 out of 128
Overall Score:
66 out of 100
Overall Score:
73 out of 150
Rank:
89 out of 128
Overall Score:
8,3 out of 10
Rank:
21 out of 117
International Cooperation
UN
APEC
UN
GRECO
OECD
FATF
Viet Nam
  • The UN Convention against Corruption was ratified in 2009.
  • The review under the first cycle of the Implementation Review Mechanism is completed. The country report is available here.
  • APEC’s member since 1998.
Portugal
  • The UN Convention against Corruption was ratified in 2007.
  • The review under the second cycle of the Implementation Review Mechanism is completed. The executive summary is available here.
  • GRECO’s member since 2002.
  • The Council of Europe’s Criminal Law Convention on Corruption was ratified in 2002.
  • The Council of Europe’s Civil Law Convention on Corruption is not ratified.
  • The forth evaluation round is completed. The evaluation report is available here.
  • The OECD Convention on Combating Bribery of Foreign Public Officials in International Business Transactions was ratified in 2000.
  • The country is undergoing Phase 3 evaluation of the implementation of the Convention. The report is available here.
  • Member of the FATF since 1991.
  • Evaluation Report on compliance with the FATF recommendations is available here.
Main Legislation
Viet Nam
  1. Criminal Code, Chapter XXIII “Offences Related to Abuse of Power”, articles 353-359 and 364-366
    (Bộ luật hình sự, Chương XXIII: Các tội phạm về chức vụ, Điều 353-359, 364-366), (Vietnamese), (English);

  2. Law No. 36/2018/QH14 of November 20, 2018 “On Anti-Corruption”
    (Luật Phòng, chống tham nhũng №36/2018/QH14), (Vietnamese), (English);

  3. Law No. 25/2018/QH14 of June 12, 2018 “On Denunciation”
    (Luật Tố cáo 25/2018/QH14), (Vietnamese), (English);

  4. Law No. 22/2008/QH12 of November 13, 2008 “On Cadres and Civil Servants”
    (Luật cán bộ, công chức 22/2008/QH12), (Vietnamese), (English);

  5. Decree No. 78/2013/NĐ-CP of July 17, 2013 “On Transparency of Assets and Income”
    (Nghị định 78/2013/NĐ-CP về minh bạch tài sản, thu nhập), (Vietnamese), (English);

  6. Decree No. 59/2019/NĐ-CP of July 1, 2019 “On Elaborating on a Number of Articles and Measures for Implementation of the Law on Anti-Corruption”
    (Nghị định 59/2019/NĐ-CP hướng dẫn Luật Phòng, chống tham nhũng), (Vietnamese)

Portugal
  1. Criminal Code, articles 335, 363, 367, 368, 372-377, 379 and 382
    (Codigo Penal 2003: art. 335, 363, 368, 372-377, 379, 382), (Portuguese);

  2. Law of April 2, 1983 “On Public Control Over the Assets of Persons Occupying Most Senior Government Positions”
    (Lei n.º 4/83, de 2 de Abril Controle Público da Riqueza dos Titulares de Cargos Políticos), (Portuguese);

  3. Law of July 16, 1987 “Misconduct of Persons Occupying Most Senior Government Positions”
    (Lei n.º 34/87, de 16 de Julho Crimes da Responsabilidade de Titulares de Cargos Políticos), (Portuguese);

  4. Law of August 26, 1993 “On Legal Regime of Impediments and Restrictions for Persons Occupying Most Senior Government Positions and Most Senior Positions in Civil Service”
    (Lei n.º 64/93, de 26 de Agosto Regime Jurídico de Incompatibilidades e Impedimentos dos Titulares de Cargos Políticos e Altos Cargos Públicos), (Portuguese);

  5. Law of September 4, 2008 “Council for the Prevention of Corruption”
    (Lei n.º 54/2008 de 4 de Setembro Conselho de Prevenção da Corrupção), (Portuguese);

  6. Law of April 21, 2008 No. 19 “On Measures against Corruption”
    (Lei n.º 19/2008, de 21 de Abril Aprova Medidas de Combate à Corrupção), (Portuguese);

  7. Law of April 21, 2008 No. 20 “On Criminal Liability for Corruption Crimes in International Trade and in the Private Sector”
    (Lei n.º 20/2008, de 21 de Abril Responsabilidade Penal por Crimes de Corrupção no Comércio Internacional e na Actividade Privada), (Portuguese);

  8. Law No. 52 of July 31, 2019 “On the Adoption of the Rules Regulating the Exercise of Functions by the Individuals Holding Political Positions and High Public Positions”
    (Lei n.º 52/2019, de 31 de Julho Aprova o regime do exercício de funções por titulares de cargos políticos e altos cargos públicos),
    (Portuguese).

Anti-Corruption Bodies
Viet Nam
  1. Central Committee of Viet Nam for the Prevention of Corruption
    (Ban Chỉ đạo Trung ương về phòng, chống tham nhũng), (Vietnamese);

  2. The Government Inspectorate of Vietnam
    (Thanh tra Chính phủ)(Vietnamese);

Portugal
  1. Council for the Prevention of Corruption
    (Conselho de Prevenção da Corrupção), (Portuguese);

  2. Anti-Corruption Unit, Judicial Police of Portugal
    (Unidade Nacional de Combate à Corrupção), (Portuguese).

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