HSE University Anti-Corruption Portal
Comparison of countries
USA
Latvia
Indices
Overall Score:
67 out of 100
Rank:
27 out of 180
Rank:
1 out of 141
Overall Score:
0,69 out of 1
Rank:
27 out of 139
Overall Score:
68 out of 100
Overall Score:
83 out of 150
Rank:
74 out of 136
Overall Score:
8,83 out of 10
Rank:
6 out of 114
Overall Score:
59 out of 100
Rank:
36 out of 180
Rank:
95 out of 141
Overall Score:
0,71 out of 1
Rank:
24 out of 139
Overall Score:
71 out of 150
Rank:
100 out of 136
Overall Score:
7,25 out of 10
Rank:
37 out of 114
International Cooperation
UN
GRECO
OECD
G20
APEC
FATF
OAS
UN
GRECO
OECD
USA
  • The UN Convention against Corruption was ratified in 2006.
  • The review under the first cycle of the Implementation Review Mechanism is completed. The country report is available here. The self-assessment checklist under the second cycle is available here.
  • GRECO’s member since 2000.
  • The Council of Europe’s Criminal Law Convention on Corruption is not ratified.
  • The Council of Europe’s Civil Law Convention on Corruption is not ratified. 
  • The forth evaluation round is completed. The evaluation report is available here
  • The OECD Convention on Combating Bribery of Foreign Public Officials in International Business Transactions was ratified in 1998.
  • The country is undergoing Phase 4 evaluation of the implementation of the Convention. The report is available here.
  • G20 Presidency in 2008 (Washington) and in 2009 (Pittsburg).
  • The documents adopted under the US Presidency are available here (Washington) and here (Pittsburg).
  • APEC’s member since 1989.
  • Member of the FATF since 1990.
  • Evaluation Report on compliance with the FATF recommendations is available here.
  • The Inter-American Convention against Corruption was ratified in 2000.
Latvia
  • The UN Convention against Corruption was ratified in 2006.
  • The review under the first cycle of the Implementation Review Mechanism is completed. The country report is available here.
  • GRECO’s member since 2000.
  • The Council of Europe’s Criminal Law Convention on Corruption was ratified in 2001.
  • The Council of Europe’s Civil Law Convention on Corruption was ratified in 2005.
  • The fifth evaluation round is completed. The evaluation report is available here.
  • The OECD Convention on Combating Bribery of Foreign Public Officials in International Business Transactions was ratified in 2014.
  • The country is undergoing Phase 3 evaluation of the implementation of the Convention. The report is available here.
  • The Agreement for the Establishment of the International Anti-Corruption Academy as an International Organization was ratified in 2011.
Main Legislation
USA
  1. 18 US Code: Chapter 11 - Bribery, Graft, and Conflicts of Interest, (English);

  2. 18 US Code: Chapter 31 – Embezzlement and theft, Section 666 – Theft or bribery concerning programs receiving Federal funds, (English);

  3. 5 US Code Appendix: Ethics in Government Act of 1978, (English);

  4. 5 Code of Federal Regulations: Chapter XVI – Office of Government Ethics, (English);

  5. 15 US Code, Anti-Bribery and Books and Records Provisions of the Foreign Corrupt Practices Act, (English);

  6. 18 US Сode: Chapter 96 - Racketeer Influenced and Corrupt Organizations, (English).

Latvia
  1. Criminal Law: Articles 195, 196, 198, 199, 318, 319, 320-324, 325, 326-3264
    (Krimināllikums: 195, 196, 198, 199, 318, 319, 320-324, 325, 326-3264 pants), (Latvian/English);

  2. Law on the Corruption Prevention and Combating Bureau
    (Korupcijas novēršanas un apkarošanas biroja likums), (Latvian/English);

  3. Law on the Prevention of Conflicts of Interest in Activities of Public Officials
    (Par interešu konflikta novēršanu valsts amatpersonu darbībā), (Latvian/English).

Anti-Corruption Bodies
USA
  1. Department of Justice, (English);

  2. Securities and Exchange Commission, (English);

  3. Office of Government Ethics, (English);

  4. Interagency Ethics Council, (English);

  5. Council of the Inspectors General on Integrity and Efficiency, (English).

Latvia
  1. Corruption Prevention and Combating Bureau
    (Korupcijas novēršanas un apkarošanas birojs), (Latvian/Russian/English).

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