HSE University Anti-Corruption Portal
Comparison of countries
Turkey
Russia
Indices
Overall Score:
38 out of 100
Rank:
96 out of 180
Rank:
59 out of 141
Overall Score:
0,42 out of 1
Rank:
117 out of 139
Overall Score:
55 out of 100
Overall Score:
72 out of 150
Rank:
97 out of 136
Overall Score:
6,7 out of 10
Rank:
48 out of 114
Overall Score:
29 out of 100
Rank:
136 out of 180
Rank:
43 out of 141
Overall Score:
0,46 out of 1
Rank:
101 out of 139
Overall Score:
73 out of 100
Overall Score:
98 out of 150
Rank:
43 out of 136
Overall Score:
6,72 out of 10
Rank:
46 out of 114
International Cooperation
UN
GRECO
OECD
G20
FATF
UN
GRECO
OECD
G20
APEC
FATF
BRICS
Turkey
  • The UN Convention against Corruption was ratified in 2006.
  • The review under the first cycle of the Implementation Review Mechanism is completed. The executive summary is available here.
  • GRECO’s member since 2004.
  • The Council of Europe’s Criminal Law Convention on Corruption was ratified in 2004.
  • The Council of Europe’s Civil Law Convention on Corruption was not ratified in 2003.
  • The forth evaluation round is completed. The evaluation report is available here.
  • The OECD Convention on Combating Bribery of Foreign Public Officials in International Business Transactions was ratified in 2000.
  • The country is undergoing Phase 3 evaluation of the implementation of the Convention. The report is available here.
  • G20 Presidency in 2015.
  • The documents adopted under Turkey’s Presidency are available here.
  • Member of the FATF since 1991.
  • Evaluation Report on compliance with the FATF recommendations is available here.
  • The Agreement for the Establishment of the International Anti-Corruption Academy as an International Organization was ratified in 2012.
Russia
  • The UN Convention against Corruption was ratified in 2006.
  • The review under the second cycle of the Implementation Review Mechanism is completed. The executive summary is available here.
  • GRECO’s member since 2007.
  • The Council of Europe’s Criminal Law Convention on Corruption was ratified in 2006.
  • The Council of Europe’s Civil Law Convention on Corruption is not ratified.
  • The forth evaluation round is completed. The evaluation report is available here.
  • The OECD Convention on Combating Bribery of Foreign Public Officials in International Business Transactions was ratified in 2012.
  • The country is undergoing Phase 3 evaluation of the implementation of the Convention. The Phase 2 reports are available here.
  • G20 Presidency in 2013.
  • The documents adopted under Russia’s Presidency are available here.
  • APEC’s member since 1998.
  • Member of the FATF since 2003.
  • Evaluation Report on compliance with the FATF recommendations is available here.
  • BRICS Member since 2009.
  • Holds BRICS Presidency in 2020.
  • The Agreement for the Establishment of the International Anti-Corruption Academy as an International Organization was ratified in 2011.
Main Legislation
Turkey
  1. Criminal Code: Articles 235, 236, 252-255, 282
    (Türk Ceza Kanunu: Madde 235, 236, 252-255, 282), (Turkish);

  2. Law on Civil Service of July 14, 1965 No. № 657
    (14/7/1965 tarihli ve 657 sayılı Devlet Memurları Kanunu), (Turkish);

  3. Act of June 10, 1981 No. 17480 «On the Prohibition of Employment after Dismissal from the Public Sector»
    (10/06/1981 tarihli ve 17480 sayılı Kamu Görevlerinden Ayrılanların Yapamayacakları İşler Hakkında Kanun)(Turkish);

  4. Act of April 19, 1990 No. 3628 «On Declaration of Property and Fight against Bribery and Corruption»
    (19/04/1990 tarihli ve 3628 sayılı Mal Bildiriminde Bulunulması, Rüşvet ve Yolsuzluklarla Mücadele Kanunu), (Turkish);

  5. Law of May 25, 2004 No. 5176 «On the Establishment of Council of Ethics for Public Service and on Amendments to Specific Laws»
    (25/05/2004 tarihli ve 5176 sayılı Kamu Görevlileri Etik Kurulu Kurulmasi Ve Bazi Kanunlarda Değişiklik Yapilmasi Hakkinda Kanun), (Turkish);

  6. Regulation No. 90/748 on Declaration of Assets
    (Yönetmelik № 90/748 Mal Bildiriminde Bulunulmasi Hakkinda), (Turkish);

  7. Regulation on Ethical Principles of Conduct for Public Officials and Principles and Procedures of Their Application
    (Yönetmelik Kamu Görevlileri Etik Davraniş İlkeleri İle Başvuru Usul Ve Esaslari Hakkinda), (Turkish).

Russia
  1. Criminal Code of the Russian Federation: Articles 184, 2004, 2005, 2007, 201, 2011, 204-2042, 285-2852, 2854, 289-2912, 304, 312
    (Уголовный кодекс Российской Федерации: статьи 184, 2004, 2005, 2007, 201, 2011, 204-2042, 285-2852, 2854, 289-2912, 304, 312), (Russian);

  2. Code of Administrative Offences of the Russian Federation: Articles 19.28 and 19.29
    (Кодекс Российской Федерации об административных правонарушениях: статьи 19.28, 19.29), (Russian);

  3. Federal Law of July 27, 2004 No. 79-FZ «On Civil Service»
    (Федеральный закон от 27.07.2004 № 79-ФЗ «О государственной гражданской службе Российской Федерации»), (Russian);

  4. Federal Law of December 25, 2008 No. 273-FZ «On Combating Corruption»
    (Федеральный закон от 25.12.2008 № 273-ФЗ «О противодействии коррупции»), (Russian).

Anti-Corruption Bodies
Turkey
  1. Council of Ethics for the Public Service​
    (Kamu Görevlileri Etik Kurulu)(Turkish).

Russia
  1. Presidential Council for Countering Corruption
    (Совет при Президенте Российской Федерации по противодействию коррупции)​, (Russian);

  2. Presidential Anti-Corruption Directorate
    (Управление Президента Российской Федерации по вопросам противодействия коррупции), (Russian);

  3. General Prosecutor’s Office of the Russian Federation
    (Генеральная прокуратура Российской Федерации), (Russian);

  4. Investigative Committee of the Russian Federation
    (Следственный комитет Российской Федерации), (Russian);

  5. Ministry of Justice of the Russian Federation
    (Министерство юстиции Российской Федерации), (Russian);

  6. Federal Security Service of the Russian Federation
    (Федеральная служба безопасности Российской Федерации), (Russian);

  7. Ministry of Labour and Social Protection of the Russian Federation
    (Министерство труда и социальной защиты Российской Федерации), (Russian);

  8. Ministry of Internal Affairs of the Russian Federation
    (Министерство внутренних дел Российской Федерации), (Russian);

  9. Accounts Chamber of the Russian Federation
    (Счетная палата Российской Федерации), (Russian);

  10. Committee of the State Duma on Security and Corruption Control
    (Комитет Государственной Думы по безопасности и противодействию коррупции), (Russian).

We use cookies in order to improve the quality and usability of the HSE website. More information about the use of cookies is available here, and the regulations on processing personal data can be found here. By continuing to use the site, you hereby confirm that you have been informed of the use of cookies by the HSE website and agree with our rules for processing personal data. You may disable cookies in your browser settings.