HSE University Anti-Corruption Portal
Comparison of countries
Turkey
Chile
Indices
Overall Score:
38 out of 100
Rank:
96 out of 180
Rank:
59 out of 141
Overall Score:
0,42 out of 1
Rank:
117 out of 139
Overall Score:
55 out of 100
Overall Score:
72 out of 150
Rank:
97 out of 136
Overall Score:
6,7 out of 10
Rank:
48 out of 114
Overall Score:
67 out of 100
Rank:
27 out of 180
Overall Score:
73 out of 141
Overall Score:
94 out of 150
Rank:
50 out of 136
Overall Score:
60 out of 100
Overall Score:
7,49 out of 10
Rank:
31 out of 114
Overall Score:
0,66 out of 1
Rank:
32 out of 139
Overall Score:
6,88 out of 10
International Cooperation
UN
GRECO
OECD
G20
FATF
UN
OECD
APEC
OAS
Turkey
  • The UN Convention against Corruption was ratified in 2006.
  • The review under the first cycle of the Implementation Review Mechanism is completed. The executive summary is available here.
  • GRECO’s member since 2004.
  • The Council of Europe’s Criminal Law Convention on Corruption was ratified in 2004.
  • The Council of Europe’s Civil Law Convention on Corruption was not ratified in 2003.
  • The forth evaluation round is completed. The evaluation report is available here.
  • The OECD Convention on Combating Bribery of Foreign Public Officials in International Business Transactions was ratified in 2000.
  • The country is undergoing Phase 3 evaluation of the implementation of the Convention. The report is available here.
  • G20 Presidency in 2015.
  • The documents adopted under Turkey’s Presidency are available here.
  • Member of the FATF since 1991.
  • Evaluation Report on compliance with the FATF recommendations is available here.
  • The Agreement for the Establishment of the International Anti-Corruption Academy as an International Organization was ratified in 2012.
Chile
  • The UN Convention against Corruption was ratified in 2006.
  • The review under the first cycle of the Implementation Review Mechanism is completed. The country report is available here.
  • The OECD Convention on Combating Bribery of Foreign Public Officials in International Business Transactions was ratified in 2001.
  • The country is undergoing Phase 4 evaluation of the implementation of the Convention. The report is available here.
  • APEC’s member since 1994.
  • The Inter-American Convention against Corruption was ratified in 1998.
  • The Agreement for the Establishment of the International Anti-Corruption Academy as an International Organization was ratified in 2013.
Main Legislation
Turkey
  1. Criminal Code: Articles 235, 236, 252-255, 282
    (Türk Ceza Kanunu: Madde 235, 236, 252-255, 282), (Turkish);

  2. Law on Civil Service of July 14, 1965 No. № 657
    (14/7/1965 tarihli ve 657 sayılı Devlet Memurları Kanunu), (Turkish);

  3. Act of June 10, 1981 No. 17480 «On the Prohibition of Employment after Dismissal from the Public Sector»
    (10/06/1981 tarihli ve 17480 sayılı Kamu Görevlerinden Ayrılanların Yapamayacakları İşler Hakkında Kanun)(Turkish);

  4. Act of April 19, 1990 No. 3628 «On Declaration of Property and Fight against Bribery and Corruption»
    (19/04/1990 tarihli ve 3628 sayılı Mal Bildiriminde Bulunulması, Rüşvet ve Yolsuzluklarla Mücadele Kanunu), (Turkish);

  5. Law of May 25, 2004 No. 5176 «On the Establishment of Council of Ethics for Public Service and on Amendments to Specific Laws»
    (25/05/2004 tarihli ve 5176 sayılı Kamu Görevlileri Etik Kurulu Kurulmasi Ve Bazi Kanunlarda Değişiklik Yapilmasi Hakkinda Kanun), (Turkish);

  6. Regulation No. 90/748 on Declaration of Assets
    (Yönetmelik № 90/748 Mal Bildiriminde Bulunulmasi Hakkinda), (Turkish);

  7. Regulation on Ethical Principles of Conduct for Public Officials and Principles and Procedures of Their Application
    (Yönetmelik Kamu Görevlileri Etik Davraniş İlkeleri İle Başvuru Usul Ve Esaslari Hakkinda), (Turkish).

Chile
  1. Criminal Code: Articles 233, 240, 248-251ter, 287-bis, 287-ter
    (Código Penal: Artículos 233, 240, 248-251ter, 287-bis, 287-ter), (Spanish);

  2. Law of November 17, 2001 No. 19.653 «Revised and Systematized Text of Law No. 18.575 “On General Constitutional Framework of Public Administration”»
    (DFL 1-19653 de 17 noviembre 2001, Fija texto refundido, coordinado y  sistematizado de la ley nº 18.575,  organica constitucional de bases generales de la administracion del  estado), (Spanish);

  3. Law No. 20.205 of July 24, 2007 «Protection of Officials Reporting Irregularities and Violations of the Principle of Integrity»
    (Ley 20.205 de 24 julio 2007, Protege al funcionario que denuncia irregularidades y faltas al principio de probidad), (Spanish);

  4. Law of December 2, 2009 No. 20.393 «On Criminal Liability of Legal Persons for the Crimes Related to Money-Laundering, Terrorist Financing and Bribery»
    (Ley 20.393 de 2 diciembre 2009, Establece la responsabilidad penal de las personas jurídicas en los delitos de lavado de activos, financiamiento del terrorismo y delitos de cohecho que indica), (Spanish);

  5. Law No. 20.880 of January 5, 2016 «On Integrity in Civil Service and the Prevention of Conflicts of Interest»
    (Ley 20.880 de 5 enero 2016, Sobre probidad en la función pública y prevención de los conflictos de intereses)(Spanish);

  6. Code of Ethics of Civil Service
    (Código de ética para la función pública), (Spanish).

Anti-Corruption Bodies
Turkey
  1. Council of Ethics for the Public Service​
    (Kamu Görevlileri Etik Kurulu)(Turkish).

Chile
  1. Special Anti-Corruption Unit, General Prosecutor’s Office
    (Unidad Especializada Anticorrupción de la Fiscalía Nacional), (Spanish);

  2. General Comptroller
    (Contraloria General De la República), (Spanish/English);

  3. Transparency Council of Chile
    (Consejo para la Transparencia), (Spanish/English);

  4. Anti-Corruption Portal
    (Portal Anticorrupción)(Spanish).

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