HSE University Anti-Corruption Portal
Comparison of countries
Spain
Mexico
Indices
Overall Score:
62 out of 100
Rank:
32 out of 180
Rank:
66 out of 133
Overall Score:
0,73 out of 1
Rank:
19 out of 128
Overall Score:
53 out of 100
Overall Score:
73 out of 150
Rank:
92 out of 134
Overall Score:
8,14 out of 10
Rank:
24 out of 114
Overall Score:
31 out of 100
Rank:
124 out of 180
Rank:
80 out of 133
Overall Score:
0,44 out of 1
Rank:
104 out of 128
Overall Score:
82 out of 100
Overall Score:
136 out of 150
Rank:
2 out of 134
Overall Score:
6,77 out of 10
Rank:
48 out of 114
International Cooperation
UN
GRECO
OECD
FATF
IACA
UN
OECD
G20
APEC
FATF
OAS
IACA
Spain
  • The UN Convention against Corruption was ratified in 2006.
  • The review under the first cycle of the Implementation Review Mechanism is completed. The country report is available here.
  • GRECO’s member since 1999.
  • The Council of Europe’s Criminal Law Convention on Corruption was ratified in 2010.
  • The Council of Europe’s Civil Law Convention on Corruption was ratified in 2009.
  • The fifth evaluation round is completed. The evaluation report is available here.
  • The OECD Convention on Combating Bribery of Foreign Public Officials in International Business Transactions was ratified in 2000.
  • The country is undergoing Phase 3 evaluation of the implementation of the Convention. The report is available here.
  • Member of the FATF since 1990.
  • Evaluation Report on compliance with the FATF recommendations is available here.
  • The Agreement for the Establishment of the International Anti-Corruption Academy as an International Organization was ratified in 2011.
Mexico
  • The UN Convention against Corruption was ratified in 2004.
  • The review under the second cycle of the Implementation Review Mechanism is completed. The executive summary is available here.
  • The OECD Convention on Combating Bribery of Foreign Public Officials in International Business Transactions was ratified in 1999.
  • The country is undergoing Phase 4 evaluation of the implementation of the Convention. The report is available here.

  • G20 Presidency in 2012.
  • The documents adopted under Mexico’s Presidency are available here.
  • APEC’s member since 1993.
  • Member of the FATF since 2000.
  • Evaluation Report on compliance with the FATF recommendations is available here.
  • The Inter-American Convention against Corruption was ratified in 1997.
Main Legislation
Spain
  1. Criminal Code, Division XIX, Chapter V - Bribes, Chapter VI – Trading in Influence, Chapter IX – Talks and Actions Forbidden to Public Officials and Abuse of Functions; Division XIII, Chapter XI, Section 4 – Corruption in Business; Articles 31bis-31 quinquies
    (Codigo Penal, Titulo XIX, Сapítulo V, VI, IX; Titulo XIII, Сapítulo XI, Sección 4; Artículo 31bis-31 quinquies), (Spanish);

  2. Law on Civil Service, Division III, Chapter VIII
    (Ley articulada de Funcionarios Civiles del Estado: Titulo III, Capitulo VIII), (Spanish);

  3. Organic Law of December 26, 1984 No. 53/1984 «On Restrictions on Civil Servants»
    (Ley Orgánica 53/84, de 26 de diciembre, de Incompatibilidades del personal al servicio de las Administraciones Públicas), (Spanish);

  4. Law of December 9, 2013 No. 19 «On Transparency and Free Access to Information»
    (Ley 19/2013, de 9 de diciembre, de transparencia, acceso a la información pública y buen gobierno), (Spanish);

  5. Law of March 30, 2015 «On the Duties of Persons Occupying Highest Positions in Public Administration»
    (Ley 3/2015, de 30 de marzo, reguladora del ejercicio del alto cargo de la Administración General del Estado), (Spanish).

Mexico
  1. Federal Criminal Code, Part X «Corruption Offences»
    (Código Penal Federal, Título Décimo. Delitos por hechos de corrupción), (Spanish);

  2. General Law «On Administrative Liability»
    (Ley General de Responsabilidades Administrativas), (Spanish);

  3. General Law «On National Anticorruption System»
    (Ley General del Sistema Anticorrupción), (Spanish);

  4. Law «On Confiscation of Illegally Acquired Assets»
    (Ley de Extinción de Dominio), (Spanish);

  5. Decree of May 27, 2015 amending, adding and repealing certain provisions of the Constitution of the United Mexican States in the area of combating corruption
    (Decreto por el que se reforman, adicionan y derogan diversas disposiciones de la Constitución Política de los Estados Unidos Mexicanos, en materia de combate a la corrupción), (Spanish);

  6. Agreement aimed at establishing a Code of ethics for public officials, rules of integrity for fulfilling public functions and general guiding principles for promoting integrity of civil servants and their ethical behaviour through the Committees on Ethics and on the Prevention of Conflicts of Interest
    (Acuerdo que tiene por objeto emitir el Código de Ética de los servidores públicos del Gobierno Federal, las Reglas de Integridad para el ejercicio de la función pública, y los Lineamientos generales para propiciar la integridad de los servidores públicos y para implementar acciones permanentes que favorezcan su comportamiento ético, a través de los Comités de Ética y de Prevención de Conflictos de Interés), (Spanish).

Anti-Corruption Bodies
Spain
  1. Special Prosecutor’s Office for Countering Corruption and Organized Crime
    (Fiscalía Especial contra la Corrupción y el Crimen Organizado), (Spanish)

Mexico
  1. National Anti-Corruption System of Mexico
    (Sistema nacional anticorrupción), (Spanish);

  2. Superior Audit Office of the Federation
    (Auditoría Superior de la Federación), (Spanish);

  3. Unit for Transparency and International Cooperation Policies
    Unidad de Políticas de Transparencia y Cooperación Internacional), (Spanish);

  4. National Institute for Transparency, Access to Information and Protection of Personal Data
    (Instituto Nacional de Transparencia, Acceso a la Información y Protección de Datos Personales), (Spanish).

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