HSE University Anti-Corruption Portal
Comparison of countries
Spain
Canada
Indices
Overall Score:
62 out of 100
Rank:
32 out of 180
Rank:
66 out of 133
Overall Score:
0,73 out of 1
Rank:
19 out of 128
Overall Score:
53 out of 100
Overall Score:
73 out of 150
Rank:
92 out of 134
Overall Score:
8,14 out of 10
Rank:
24 out of 114
Overall Score:
77 out of 100
Rank:
11 out of 180
Rank:
19 out of 133
Overall Score:
0,81 out of 1
Rank:
9 out of 128
Overall Score:
71 out of 100
Overall Score:
93 out of 150
Rank:
53 out of 134
Overall Score:
8,61 out of 10
Rank:
15 out of 114
International Cooperation
UN
GRECO
OECD
FATF
IACA
UN
OECD
G20
APEC
FATF
OAS
Spain
  • The UN Convention against Corruption was ratified in 2006.
  • The review under the first cycle of the Implementation Review Mechanism is completed. The country report is available here.
  • GRECO’s member since 1999.
  • The Council of Europe’s Criminal Law Convention on Corruption was ratified in 2010.
  • The Council of Europe’s Civil Law Convention on Corruption was ratified in 2009.
  • The fifth evaluation round is completed. The evaluation report is available here.
  • The OECD Convention on Combating Bribery of Foreign Public Officials in International Business Transactions was ratified in 2000.
  • The country is undergoing Phase 3 evaluation of the implementation of the Convention. The report is available here.
  • Member of the FATF since 1990.
  • Evaluation Report on compliance with the FATF recommendations is available here.
  • The Agreement for the Establishment of the International Anti-Corruption Academy as an International Organization was ratified in 2011.
Canada
  • The UN Convention against Corruption was ratified in 2007.
  • The review under the first cycle of the Implementation Review Mechanism is completed. The country report is available here.
  • The OECD Convention on Combating Bribery of Foreign Public Officials in International Business Transactions was ratified in 1999.
  • The country is undergoing Phase 3 evaluation of the implementation of the Convention. The report is available here.
  • G20 Presidency in 2010.
  • The documents adopted under Canada’s Presidency are available here.
  • APEC’s member since 1989.
  • Member of the FATF since 1990.
  • Evaluation Report on compliance with the FATF recommendations is available here.
  • The Inter-American Convention against Corruption was ratified in 2000.
Main Legislation
Spain
  1. Criminal Code, Division XIX, Chapter V - Bribes, Chapter VI – Trading in Influence, Chapter IX – Talks and Actions Forbidden to Public Officials and Abuse of Functions; Division XIII, Chapter XI, Section 4 – Corruption in Business; Articles 31bis-31 quinquies
    (Codigo Penal, Titulo XIX, Сapítulo V, VI, IX; Titulo XIII, Сapítulo XI, Sección 4; Artículo 31bis-31 quinquies), (Spanish);

  2. Law on Civil Service, Division III, Chapter VIII
    (Ley articulada de Funcionarios Civiles del Estado: Titulo III, Capitulo VIII), (Spanish);

  3. Organic Law of December 26, 1984 No. 53/1984 «On Restrictions on Civil Servants»
    (Ley Orgánica 53/84, de 26 de diciembre, de Incompatibilidades del personal al servicio de las Administraciones Públicas), (Spanish);

  4. Law of December 9, 2013 No. 19 «On Transparency and Free Access to Information»
    (Ley 19/2013, de 9 de diciembre, de transparencia, acceso a la información pública y buen gobierno), (Spanish);

  5. Law of March 30, 2015 «On the Duties of Persons Occupying Highest Positions in Public Administration»
    (Ley 3/2015, de 30 de marzo, reguladora del ejercicio del alto cargo de la Administración General del Estado), (Spanish).

Canada
  1. Criminal Code 1985, articles 119-125 and 426, (English/French);

  2. Corruption of Foreign Public Officials Act 1998, (English/French);

  3. Public Servants Disclosure Protection Act 2005, (English/French);

  4. Conflict of Interest Act 2006, (English/French).

 
Anti-Corruption Bodies
Spain
  1. Special Prosecutor’s Office for Countering Corruption and Organized Crime
    (Fiscalía Especial contra la Corrupción y el Crimen Organizado), (Spanish)

Canada
  1. Office of the Conflict of Interest and Ethics Commissioner (English/French);

  2. Public Sector Integrity Commissioner, (English/French).

  3. Canadian Conflict of Interest Network, (English/French).

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