HSE University Anti-Corruption Portal
Comparison of countries
Singapore
Japan
Indices
Overall Score:
85 out of 100
Rank:
4 out of 180
Rank:
5 out of 133
Overall Score:
0,78 out of 1
Rank:
17 out of 139
Overall Score:
73 out of 100
Rank:
18 out of 180
Rank:
7 out of 133
Overall Score:
0,79 out of 1
Rank:
15 out of 139
Overall Score:
62 out of 100
Overall Score:
76 out of 150
Rank:
84 out of 136
Overall Score:
8,01 out of 10
Rank:
22 out of 114
International Cooperation
UN
APEC
FATF
UN
OECD
G20
APEC
FATF
Singapore
  • The UN Convention against Corruption was ratified in 2009.
  • The review under the first cycle of the Implementation Review Mechanism is completed. The country report is available here.
  • APEC’s member since 1989.
  • Member of the FATF since 1992.
  • Evaluation Report on compliance with the FATF recommendations is available here.
Japan
  • The UN Convention against Corruption was accepted in 2017.
  • The OECD Convention on Combating Bribery of Foreign Public Officials in International Business Transactions was ratified in 1998.
  • The country is undergoing Phase 4 evaluation of the implementation of the Convention. The report is available here.
  • G20 Presidency in 2019.
  • The documents adopted under Japan’s Presidency are available here.
  • APEC’s member since 1989.
  • Member of the FATF since 1990.
  • Evaluation Report on compliance with the FATF recommendations is available here.
Main Legislation
Singapore
  1. Penal Code (Chapter 224 of the 2008 Revised Edition of the Statutes of the Republic of Singapore): Articles 161-166, (English);

  2. Prevention of Corruption Act, Chapter 241 of the 2008 Revised Edition of the Statutes of the Republic of Singapore, (English);

  3. Corruption, Drug Trafficking and Other Serious Crimes (Confiscation of Benefits Act), Chapter 65a of the 2008 Revised Edition of the Statutes of the Republic of Singapore, (English).

Japan
  1. Penal Code: Articles 193, 197-198 
    (明治四十年法律第四十五号 刑法: 記事193, 197-198), (Japanese/English);

  2. National Public Service Act No. 120 of October 21, 1947, along with Code of Ethics
    (国家公務員法 - 昭和二十二年法律第百二十号), (Japanese/English);

  3. Unfair Competition Prevention Act No.47 of May 19, 1993: Article 18 
    (平成五年法律第四十七号 – 不正競争防止法: 論文 18)(Japanese), (English);

  4. National Public Service Ethics Act No. 129 of August 13, 1999
    (国家公務員倫理法 - 平成十一年法律第百二十九号), (Japanese);

  5. Whistleblower Protection Act No. 122 of 2004
    (公益通報者保護法 - 平成十六年法律第百二十二号), (Japanese);

  6. National Public Service Ethics Code, Cabinet Order No. 101 of March 28, 2000
    (国家公務員倫理規程), (Japanese).

Anti-Corruption Bodies
Singapore
  1. Corrupt Practices Investigation Bureau, (English).

Japan
  1. Supreme Public Prosecutor’s Office
    (最高検察庁), (Japanese).

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