HSE University Anti-Corruption Portal
Comparison of countries
Russia
Romania
Indices
Overall Score:
26 out of 100
Rank:
141 out of 180
Rank:
43 out of 141
Overall Score:
73 out of 100
Overall Score:
0,44 out of 1
Rank:
113 out of 142
Overall Score:
98 out of 150
Rank:
43 out of 139
Overall Score:
5,95 out of 10
Rank:
65 out of 119
Overall Score:
46 out of 100
Rank:
63 out of 180
Rank:
62 out of 141
Overall Score:
63 out of 100
Overall Score:
0,63 out of 1
Rank:
40 out of 142
Overall Score:
85 out of 150
Rank:
71 out of 139
Overall Score:
7,09 out of 10
Rank:
42 out of 119
International Cooperation
UN
GRECO
OECD
G20
APEC
FATF
BRICS
UN
GRECO
Russia
  • The UN Convention against Corruption was ratified in 2006.
  • The review under the second cycle of the Implementation Review Mechanism is completed. The executive summary is available here.
  • GRECO’s member since 2007 (membership ceased from July 1, 2023 following the denunciation of the Council of Europe’s Criminal Law Convention on Corruption).
  • The Council of Europe’s Criminal Law Convention on Corruption was ratified in 2006 and was denounced on February 28, 2023.
  • The Council of Europe’s Civil Law Convention on Corruption is not ratified.
  • The forth evaluation round is completed. The evaluation report is available here.
  • The OECD Convention on Combating Bribery of Foreign Public Officials in International Business Transactions was ratified in 2012.
  • The country is undergoing Phase 3 evaluation of the implementation of the Convention. The Phase 2 reports are available here.
  • G20 Presidency in 2013.
  • The documents adopted under Russia’s Presidency are available here.
  • APEC’s member since 1998.
  • Member of the FATF since 2003 (FATF membership has been suspended since 24 February 2023).
  • Evaluation Report on compliance with the FATF recommendations is available here.
  • BRICS Member since 2009.
  • Holds BRICS Presidency in 2020.
  • Holds BRICS Presidency in 2024.
  • The Agreement for the Establishment of the International Anti-Corruption Academy as an International Organization was ratified in 2011.
SCO
Romania
  • The UN Convention against Corruption was ratified in 2004.
  • The review under the second cycle of the Implementation Review Mechanism is completed. The executive summary is available here.
  • GRECO’s member since 1999.
  • The Council of Europe’s Criminal Law Convention on Corruption was ratified in 2002.
  • The Council of Europe’s Civil Law Convention on Corruption was ratified in 2002.
  • The fifth evaluation round is completed. The evaluation report is available here.
  • The Agreement for the Establishment of the International Anti-Corruption Academy as an International Organization was ratified in 2011.
Main Legislation
Russia
  1. Criminal Code of the Russian Federation: Articles 184, 2004, 2005, 2007, 201, 2011, 204-2042, 285-2852, 2854, 289-2912, 304
    (Уголовный кодекс Российской Федерации: статьи 184, 2004, 2005, 2007, 201, 2011, 204-2042, 285-2852, 2854, 289-2912, 304), (Russian);

  2. Code of Administrative Offences of the Russian Federation: Articles 19.28 and 19.29
    (Кодекс Российской Федерации об административных правонарушениях: статьи 19.28, 19.29), (Russian);

  3. Federal Law of July 27, 2004 No. 79-FZ «On Civil Service»
    (Федеральный закон от 27.07.2004 № 79-ФЗ «О государственной гражданской службе Российской Федерации»), (Russian);

  4. Federal Law of December 25, 2008 No. 273-FZ «On Combating Corruption»
    (Федеральный закон от 25.12.2008 № 273-ФЗ «О противодействии коррупции»), (Russian).

Romania
  1. Criminal Code: Articles 289-294, 301, 307, 308
    (Privind Codul Penal: Art. 289-294, 301, 307, 308), (Romanian);

  2. Law of October 16, 1996 No. 115 «On Declaration of and Control Over the Assets of Officials, Magistrates and Other Persons Occupying Senior Positions»
    (Lege nr.115 din 16 octombrie 1996 privind declararea şi controlul averii demnitarilor, magistraţilor, funcţionarilor publici şi a unor persoane cu funcţii de conducere), (Romanian);

  3. Law No. 188 of December 8, 1999 «On the Status of Civil Servants»
    (Lege nr.188 din 8 decembrie 1999 privind Statutul funcţionarilor publici), (Romanian);

  4. Law of May 8, 2000 No. 78 «On Prevention, Detection of and Sanctioning for Corruption»
    (Lege nr.78 din 8 mai 2000 pentru prevenirea, descoperirea şi sancţionarea faptelor de corupţie), (Romanian);

  5. Law No. 161 of April 19, 2003 «On Certain Measures for Ensuring Transparency in the Exercise of Public Functions in Business Environment and on the Prevention of and Fight against Corruption»
    (Lege nr.161 din 19 aprilie 2003 privind unele măsuri pentru asigurarea transparenţei în exercitarea demnităţilor publice, a funcţiilor publice şi în mediul de afaceri, prevenirea şi sancţionarea corupţiei), (Romanian);

  6. Law No. 176 of September 1, 2010 «On Integrity in the Exercise of Public Functions, Amendments and Supplements to Law No. 144 of May 21, 2007 Regarding the Establishment and Functioning of the National Integrity Agency, and Amendments and Supplements to other Legal Acts»
    (Lege nr.176 din 1 septembrie 2010 privind integritatea în exercitarea funcţiilor şi demnităţilor publice, pentru modificarea şi completarea Legii nr. 144/2007 privind înfiinţarea, organizarea şi funcţionarea Agenţiei Naţionale de Integritate, precum şi pentru modificarea şi completarea altor acte normative), (Romanian);

  7. Law No. 361 of December 16, 2022 «On the Protection of Whistleblowers in the Public Interest»
    (Lege nr. 361 din 16 decembrie 2022 privind protecția avertizorilor în interes public)(Romanian).

Anti-Corruption Bodies
Russia
  1. Presidential Council for Countering Corruption
    (Совет при Президенте Российской Федерации по противодействию коррупции)​, (Russian);

  2. Presidential Civil Service, Personnel and Anti-Corruption Directorate
    (Управление Президента Российской Федерации по вопросам государственной службы, кадров и противодействия коррупции), (Russian);

  3. General Prosecutor’s Office of the Russian Federation
    (Генеральная прокуратура Российской Федерации), (Russian);

  4. Investigative Committee of the Russian Federation
    (Следственный комитет Российской Федерации), (Russian);

  5. Ministry of Justice of the Russian Federation
    (Министерство юстиции Российской Федерации), (Russian);

  6. Federal Security Service of the Russian Federation
    (Федеральная служба безопасности Российской Федерации), (Russian);

  7. Ministry of Labour and Social Protection of the Russian Federation
    (Министерство труда и социальной защиты Российской Федерации), (Russian);

  8. Ministry of Internal Affairs of the Russian Federation
    (Министерство внутренних дел Российской Федерации), (Russian);

  9. Accounts Chamber of the Russian Federation
    (Счетная палата Российской Федерации), (Russian);

  10. Committee of the State Duma on Security and Corruption Control
    (Комитет Государственной Думы по безопасности и противодействию коррупции), (Russian).

Romania
  1. National Agency for Integrity
    (Agentia Nationala de Integritate), (Romanian);

  2. National Anti-Corruption Directorate of the Prosecutors' Office
    (Direcția Națională Anticorupție), (Romanian/English);

  3. Anti-Corruption General Directorate of the Ministry of Internal Affairs
    (Direcția Generală Anticorupție), (Romanian/English);
  4. National Agency of Civil Servants of the Ministry of Regional Development and Public Administration
    (Agenţia Naţională a Funcţionarilor Publici)(рум./англ.);

  5. National Agency for the Management of Seized Assets of the Ministry of Justice
    (Agenția Națională de Administrare a Bunurilor Indisponibilizate a Ministerul Justiției), (Romanian/English).

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