HSE University Anti-Corruption Portal
Comparison of countries
Russia
Panama
Indices
Overall Score:
26 out of 100
Rank:
141 out of 180
Rank:
43 out of 141
Overall Score:
73 out of 100
Overall Score:
0,44 out of 1
Rank:
113 out of 142
Overall Score:
98 out of 150
Rank:
43 out of 139
Overall Score:
5,95 out of 10
Rank:
65 out of 119
Overall Score:
36 out of 100
Rank:
101 out of 180
Overall Score:
5,39 out of 10
Rank:
18 out of 141
Overall Score:
0,51 out of 1
Rank:
74 out of 142
Overall Score:
100 out of 150
Rank:
41 out of 136
International Cooperation
UN
GRECO
OECD
G20
APEC
FATF
BRICS
UN
OAS
Russia
  • The UN Convention against Corruption was ratified in 2006.
  • The review under the second cycle of the Implementation Review Mechanism is completed. The executive summary is available here.
  • GRECO’s member since 2007 (membership ceased from July 1, 2023 following the denunciation of the Council of Europe’s Criminal Law Convention on Corruption).
  • The Council of Europe’s Criminal Law Convention on Corruption was ratified in 2006 and was denounced on February 28, 2023.
  • The Council of Europe’s Civil Law Convention on Corruption is not ratified.
  • The forth evaluation round is completed. The evaluation report is available here.
  • The OECD Convention on Combating Bribery of Foreign Public Officials in International Business Transactions was ratified in 2012.
  • The country is undergoing Phase 3 evaluation of the implementation of the Convention. The Phase 2 reports are available here.
  • G20 Presidency in 2013.
  • The documents adopted under Russia’s Presidency are available here.
  • APEC’s member since 1998.
  • Member of the FATF since 2003 (FATF membership has been suspended since 24 February 2023).
  • Evaluation Report on compliance with the FATF recommendations is available here.
  • BRICS Member since 2009.
  • Holds BRICS Presidency in 2020.
  • Holds BRICS Presidency in 2024.
  • The Agreement for the Establishment of the International Anti-Corruption Academy as an International Organization was ratified in 2011.
SCO
Panama
  • The UN Convention against Corruption was ratified in 2005.
  • The review under the second cycle of the Implementation Review Mechanism is completed. The executive summary is available here.
  • The Inter-American Convention against Corruption was ratified in 1998.
  • The Agreement for the Establishment of the International Anti-Corruption Academy as an International Organization was ratified in 2012.
Main Legislation
Russia
  1. Criminal Code of the Russian Federation: Articles 184, 2004, 2005, 2007, 201, 2011, 204-2042, 285-2852, 2854, 289-2912, 304
    (Уголовный кодекс Российской Федерации: статьи 184, 2004, 2005, 2007, 201, 2011, 204-2042, 285-2852, 2854, 289-2912, 304), (Russian);

  2. Code of Administrative Offences of the Russian Federation: Articles 19.28 and 19.29
    (Кодекс Российской Федерации об административных правонарушениях: статьи 19.28, 19.29), (Russian);

  3. Federal Law of July 27, 2004 No. 79-FZ «On Civil Service»
    (Федеральный закон от 27.07.2004 № 79-ФЗ «О государственной гражданской службе Российской Федерации»), (Russian);

  4. Federal Law of December 25, 2008 No. 273-FZ «On Combating Corruption»
    (Федеральный закон от 25.12.2008 № 273-ФЗ «О противодействии коррупции»), (Russian).

Panama

1. Criminal Code: Articles 254, 345-354, 364, 365
(Código Penal: Artículos 254, 345-354, 364, 365), (Spanish);

2. Law on the Careers of Civil Servants
(Por la cual se establece y regula la Carrera Administrativa), (Spanish);

3. Law on the Implementation of Article 299 of the Constitution and the Fight against Corruption in Public Authorities
(Que Reglamenta el Artículo 299 de la Constitución Política y Dicta otras Disposiciones contra la Corrupción Administrativa), (Spanish);

4. Law on Regulating Situations of Conflict of Interest in the Public Service
(Que Regula Situaciones de Conflicto de Intereses en la Función Pública), (Spanish);

5. Presidential Decree on a Unified Form for Declaration of Interests and Other Provisions
(Que adopta el Formulario Único de Declaración Jurada de intereses particulares y dicta otras disposiciones), (Spanish);

6. Uniform Code of Ethics for Public Officials
(Código Uniforme De Ética De Los Servidores Públicos), (Spanish);

7. Guidelines on Asset Declarations for Civil Servants
(Guía Básica sobre Declaración Jurada de Estado Patrimonial de Funcionarios Públicos), (Spanish).

Anti-Corruption Bodies
Russia
  1. Presidential Council for Countering Corruption
    (Совет при Президенте Российской Федерации по противодействию коррупции)​, (Russian);

  2. Presidential Civil Service, Personnel and Anti-Corruption Directorate
    (Управление Президента Российской Федерации по вопросам государственной службы, кадров и противодействия коррупции), (Russian);

  3. General Prosecutor’s Office of the Russian Federation
    (Генеральная прокуратура Российской Федерации), (Russian);

  4. Investigative Committee of the Russian Federation
    (Следственный комитет Российской Федерации), (Russian);

  5. Ministry of Justice of the Russian Federation
    (Министерство юстиции Российской Федерации), (Russian);

  6. Federal Security Service of the Russian Federation
    (Федеральная служба безопасности Российской Федерации), (Russian);

  7. Ministry of Labour and Social Protection of the Russian Federation
    (Министерство труда и социальной защиты Российской Федерации), (Russian);

  8. Ministry of Internal Affairs of the Russian Federation
    (Министерство внутренних дел Российской Федерации), (Russian);

  9. Accounts Chamber of the Russian Federation
    (Счетная палата Российской Федерации), (Russian);

  10. Committee of the State Duma on Security and Corruption Control
    (Комитет Государственной Думы по безопасности и противодействию коррупции), (Russian).

Panama

1. Public Prosecutor's Office of Panama
(Ministerio Público de Panamá), (Spanish);

2. National Authority for Transparency and Access to Information
(Autoridad Nacional de Transparencia y Acceso a la Información), (Spanish).

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