HSE University Anti-Corruption Portal
Comparison of countries
Russia
Luxembourg
Indices
Overall Score:
26 out of 100
Rank:
141 out of 180
Rank:
43 out of 141
Overall Score:
73 out of 100
Overall Score:
0,44 out of 1
Rank:
113 out of 142
Overall Score:
98 out of 150
Rank:
43 out of 139
Overall Score:
5,95 out of 10
Rank:
65 out of 119
Overall Score:
78 out of 100
Rank:
9 out of 180
Rank:
5 out of 141
Overall Score:
0,83 out of 1
Rank:
6 out of 142
Overall Score:
62 out of 150
Rank:
116 out of 139
Overall Score:
8,08 out of 10
Rank:
16 out of 119
International Cooperation
UN
GRECO
OECD
G20
APEC
FATF
BRICS
UN
GRECO
OECD
FATF
Russia
  • The UN Convention against Corruption was ratified in 2006.
  • The review under the second cycle of the Implementation Review Mechanism is completed. The executive summary is available here.
  • GRECO’s member since 2007 (membership ceased from July 1, 2023 following the denunciation of the Council of Europe’s Criminal Law Convention on Corruption).
  • The Council of Europe’s Criminal Law Convention on Corruption was ratified in 2006 and was denounced on February 28, 2023.
  • The Council of Europe’s Civil Law Convention on Corruption is not ratified.
  • The forth evaluation round is completed. The evaluation report is available here.
  • The OECD Convention on Combating Bribery of Foreign Public Officials in International Business Transactions was ratified in 2012.
  • The country is undergoing Phase 3 evaluation of the implementation of the Convention. The Phase 2 reports are available here.
  • G20 Presidency in 2013.
  • The documents adopted under Russia’s Presidency are available here.
  • APEC’s member since 1998.
  • Member of the FATF since 2003 (FATF membership has been suspended since 24 February 2023).
  • Evaluation Report on compliance with the FATF recommendations is available here.
  • BRICS Member since 2009.
  • Holds BRICS Presidency in 2020.
  • Holds BRICS Presidency in 2024.
  • The Agreement for the Establishment of the International Anti-Corruption Academy as an International Organization was ratified in 2011.
SCO
Luxembourg
  • The UN Convention against Corruption was ratified in 2007.
  • The review under the first cycle of the Implementation Review Mechanism is completed. The country report is available here.
  • GRECO’s member since 1999.
  • The Council of Europe’s Criminal Law Convention on Corruption was ratified in 2005.
  • The Council of Europe’s Civil Law Convention on Corruption is not ratified.
  • The fifth evaluation round is completed. The evaluation report is available here.
  • The OECD Convention on Combating Bribery of Foreign Public Officials in International Business Transactions was ratified in 2001.
  • The country is undergoing Phase 3 evaluation of the implementation of the Convention. The report is available here.
  • Member of the FATF since 1990.
  • Evaluation Report on compliance with the FATF recommendations is available here.
  • The Agreement for the Establishment of the International Anti-Corruption Academy as an International Organization was ratified in 2012.
Main Legislation
Russia
  1. Criminal Code of the Russian Federation: Articles 184, 2004, 2005, 2007, 201, 2011, 204-2042, 285-2852, 2854, 289-2912, 304
    (Уголовный кодекс Российской Федерации: статьи 184, 2004, 2005, 2007, 201, 2011, 204-2042, 285-2852, 2854, 289-2912, 304), (Russian);

  2. Code of Administrative Offences of the Russian Federation: Articles 19.28 and 19.29
    (Кодекс Российской Федерации об административных правонарушениях: статьи 19.28, 19.29), (Russian);

  3. Federal Law of July 27, 2004 No. 79-FZ «On Civil Service»
    (Федеральный закон от 27.07.2004 № 79-ФЗ «О государственной гражданской службе Российской Федерации»), (Russian);

  4. Federal Law of December 25, 2008 No. 273-FZ «On Combating Corruption»
    (Федеральный закон от 25.12.2008 № 273-ФЗ «О противодействии коррупции»), (Russian).

Luxembourg
  1. Criminal Code, articles 245-250, 310 and 310-1
    (Code Pénal, 1985​: Articles 245-250, 310, 310-1), (French);

  2. Law of April 16, 1979 adopting the Regulations for Civil Servants, articles 9, 10, 14 and 15
    (Loi du 16 avril 1979 fixant le statut des fonctionnaires de l´Eta), (French);

  3. Law of May 16, 2023 transposing Directive 2019/1937 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 23 October 2019 on the protection of persons who report breaches of Union law.
    (Loi du 16 mai 2023 portant transposition de la directive (UE) 2019/1937 du Parlement européen et du Conseil du 23 octobre 2019 sur la protection des personnes qui signalent des violations du droit de l’Union.), (French);

  4. Rules of Procedure of the Chamber of Deputies: Annex 1 «Code of Conduct for the Members of Parliament of Luxembourg Regarding Financial Interests and Conflict of Interest»
    (Reglement de la Chambre Des Deputes: Annexe 1 «Code de conduite des députés luxembourgeois en matière d'intérêts financiers et de conflits d'intérêts»), (French).

Anti-Corruption Bodies
Russia
  1. Presidential Council for Countering Corruption
    (Совет при Президенте Российской Федерации по противодействию коррупции)​, (Russian);

  2. Presidential Civil Service, Personnel and Anti-Corruption Directorate
    (Управление Президента Российской Федерации по вопросам государственной службы, кадров и противодействия коррупции), (Russian);

  3. General Prosecutor’s Office of the Russian Federation
    (Генеральная прокуратура Российской Федерации), (Russian);

  4. Investigative Committee of the Russian Federation
    (Следственный комитет Российской Федерации), (Russian);

  5. Ministry of Justice of the Russian Federation
    (Министерство юстиции Российской Федерации), (Russian);

  6. Federal Security Service of the Russian Federation
    (Федеральная служба безопасности Российской Федерации), (Russian);

  7. Ministry of Labour and Social Protection of the Russian Federation
    (Министерство труда и социальной защиты Российской Федерации), (Russian);

  8. Ministry of Internal Affairs of the Russian Federation
    (Министерство внутренних дел Российской Федерации), (Russian);

  9. Accounts Chamber of the Russian Federation
    (Счетная палата Российской Федерации), (Russian);

  10. Committee of the State Duma on Security and Corruption Control
    (Комитет Государственной Думы по безопасности и противодействию коррупции), (Russian).

Luxembourg
  1. Grand Ducal Police of Luxembourg
    (Police Grand-Ducale), (French).

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