HSE University Anti-Corruption Portal
Comparison of countries
Philippines
Italy
Indices
Overall Score:
34 out of 100
Rank:
115 out of 180
Rank:
60 out of 133
Overall Score:
0,47 out of 1
Rank:
91 out of 128
Overall Score:
76 out of 100
Overall Score:
46 out of 150
Rank:
124 out of 128
Overall Score:
6,61 out of 10
Rank:
53 out of 117
Overall Score:
53 out of 100
Rank:
52 out of 180
Rank:
41 out of 133
Overall Score:
0,66 out of 1
Rank:
27 out of 128
Overall Score:
71 out of 100
Overall Score:
85 out of 150
Rank:
65 out of 128
Overall Score:
7,9 out of 10
Rank:
27 out of 117
International Cooperation
UN
APEC
IACA
UN
GRECO
OECD
G20
FATF
Philippines
  • The UN Convention against Corruption was ratified in 2006.
  • The review under the first cycle of the Implementation Review Mechanism is completed. The country report is available here.
  • APEC’s member since 1989.
  • The Agreement for the Establishment of the International Anti-Corruption Academy as an International Organization was ratified in 2011.
Italy
  • The UN Convention against Corruption was ratified in 2009.
  • The review under the second cycle of the Implementation Review Mechanism is completed. The country report is available here.
  • GRECO’s member since 2007.
  • The Council of Europe’s Criminal Law Convention on Corruption was ratified in 2013.
  • The Council of Europe’s Civil Law Convention on Corruption was ratified in 2013.
  • The forth evaluation round is completed. The evaluation report is available here.
  • The OECD Convention on Combating Bribery of Foreign Public Officials in International Business Transactions was ratified in 2000.
  • The country is undergoing Phase 3 evaluation of the implementation of the Convention. The report is available here.
  • G20 Presidency is scheduled for 2021.
  • Member of the FATF since 1990.
  • Evaluation Report on compliance with the FATF recommendations is available here.
Main Legislation
Philippines
  1. Revised Penal Code, articles 210-222, (English);

  2. Republic Act No. 3019 of August 17, 1960 «Anti-Graft and Corrupt Practices Act», (English);

  3. Republic Act No. 6713 of February 20, 1989 «Code of Conduct and Ethical Standards for Public Officials and Employees», (English);

  4. Republic Act No. 7080 of July 12, 1991 «An Act Defining and Penalizing the Crime of Plunder», (English);

  5. Republic Act No. 9485 of June 2, 2007 «Anti-Red Tape Act», (English);

  6. Presidential Decree No. 46 of November 10, 1972 Making It Punishable for Public Officials and Employees to Receive, and for Private Persons to Give, Gifts on Any Occasion, Including Christmas, (English).

Italy
  1. Code of Criminal Procedure, articles 318-322, 222bis, 346 bis, 357 and 358
    (Codice di procedura penale), (Italian);

  2. Law of July 20, 2004 No. 215 “Procedures for Managing Conflicts of Interest”
    (Legge 20 luglio 2004, n. 215 «Norme in materia di risoluzione dei conflitti di interessi»), (Italian);

  3. Law of November 6, 2012 No. 190 “On Countering Corruption and Unlawfulness in Public Administration”
    (Legge 6 novembre 2012, n. 190 «Disposizioni per la prevenzione e la repressione della corruzione e dell'illegalita' nella pubblica amministrazione»), (Italian);

  4. Decree of the President of the Italian Republic of April 16, 2013 No. 63 “Regulation on the Code of Conduct for Civil Servants”
    (Decreto Del Presidente Della Repubblica del 16 aprile 2013, n. 62 «Regolamento recante codice di comportamento dei dipendenti pubblici»), (Italian);

  5. Legislative Decree of March 14, 2013 No. 33 “On the Reorganization of the Procedure for Providing Due Publicity, Transparency and Dissemination of Information by Public Bodies”
    (Decreto Legislativo 14 marzo 2013, n. 33 «Riordino della disciplina riguardante gli obblighi di pubblicita', trasparenza e diffusione di informazioni da parte delle pubbliche amministrazioni»), (Italian);

  6. Legislative Decree of June 8, 2001 No. 231 “On Administrative Liability of Legal Persons, Companies and Associations and those with no Legal Personality”, Article 25
    (Decreto Legislativo 8 giugno 2001, n. 231 «Disciplina della responsabilita' amministrativa delle persone giuridiche, delle societa' e delle associazioni anche prive di personalita' giuridica»), (Italian);

  7. Legislative Decree No. 165 of March 30, 2001 “General Provisions for Working Conditions in Public Administration”
    (Decreto Legislativo 30 marzo 2001, n. 165 «Norme generali sull'ordinamento del lavoro alle dipendenze delle amministrazioni pubbliche»), (Italian).

Anti-Corruption Bodies
Philippines
  1. Presidential Anti-Corruption Commission, (English);

  2. Department of Justice, (English);

  3. Office of the Ombudsman, (English);

  4. Philippine National Police (English).

Italy
  1. National Anti-Corruption Authority
    (Autorità Nazionale Anticorruzione), (Italian).

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