HSE University Anti-Corruption Portal
Comparison of countries
Peru
North Macedonia
Indices
Overall Score:
36 out of 100
Rank:
105 out of 180
Overall Score:
5,66 out of 10
Rank:
107 out of 141
Overall Score:
0,49 out of 1
Rank:
87 out of 139
Overall Score:
61 out of 100
Overall Score:
93 out of 150
Rank:
54 out of 136
Overall Score:
6,71 out of 10
Rank:
47 out of 114
Score:
39 out of 100
Rank:
87 out of 180
Rank:
124 out of 141
Score:
0,53 out of 1
Rank:
64 out of 139
Score:
36 out of 100
Score:
112 out of 150
Rank:
23 out of 128
Score:
6,57 out of 10
Rank:
52 out of 114
International Cooperation
UN
OECD
APEC
OAS
UN
GRECO
Peru
  • The UN Convention against Corruption was ratified in 2004.
  • The review under the second cycle of the Implementation Review Mechanism is completed. The country report in Spanish and executive summary are available here.
  • The OECD Convention on Combating Bribery of Foreign Public Officials in International Business Transactions was ratified in 2018.
  • The country is undergoing Phase 1 evaluation of the implementation of the Convention. The report is available here.
  • APEC’s member since 1998.
  • The Inter-American Convention against Corruption was ratified in 1997.
North Macedonia
  • The UN Convention against Corruption was ratified in 2007.
  • The review under the second cycle of the Implementation Review Mechanism is completed. The country report is available here.
  • GRECO’s member since 2000.
  • The Council of Europe’s Criminal Law Convention on Corruption was ratified in 1999.
  • The Council of Europe’s Civil Law Convention on Corruption was ratified in 2002.
  • The fifth evaluation round is completed. The evaluation report is available here.
  • The Agreement for the Establishment of the International Anti-Corruption Academy as an International Organization was ratified in 2011.
Main Legislation
Peru
  1. Criminal Code: Articles 376, 382, 384, 385, 389, 393-401
    (Decreto Legislativo Nº 635: Código Penal, Artículos 376, 382, 384, 385, 389, 393-401​), (Spanish);

  2. Law of 2001 No. 27482 «On the Publication of Income and Asset Declarations of Civil Servants»
    (Ley 27482 que regula la publicación de la Declaración Jurada de Ingresos y de Bienes y Rentas de los funcionarios y servidores públicos del Estado), (Spanish);

  3. Law of August 12, 2002 No. 27815 «On the Code of Ethics for Civil Service»
    (Ley 27815 del Código de Ética de la Función Pública), (Spanish);

  4. Law of June 22, 2010 No. 29542 «On Protection of Whistleblowers at the Administrative Level and Effective Cooperation on Criminal Matters»
    (Ley 29542 de protección al denunciante en el ámbito administrativo y de colaboración eficaz en el ámbito penal), (Spanish);

  5. Law of November 9, 2011 No. 27588 «On Impediments and Restrictions for Civil Servants and Individuals Providing Services to the State on Contractual Basis»
    (Ley Nº 27588 que establece prohibiciones e incompatibilidades de funcionarios y servidores públicos, así como de las personas que presten servicios al Estado bajo cualquier modalidad contractual), (Spanish);

  6. Law of July 4, 2013 No. 30057 «On Civil Service»
    (Ley 30057 del Servicio Civil), (Spanish).

  7. Law of January 9, 2019 No. 30424 «On Administrative Liability of Legal Persons for Transnational Bribery»
    (Ley 30424 que regula la responsabilidad administrativa de las personas jurídicas por el delito de cohecho activo transnacional), (Spanish).

North Macedonia
  1. Criminal Code: Articles 252-253-а, 353, 356-359a
    (Кривичен законик: Чл. 252-253-а, 353, 356-359a), (Macedonian);
  2. Law No. 27 of February 5, 2014 «On Civil Servants»
    (Закон од 5 февруари 2014 година број 27 «За административни службеници»), (Macedonian);
  3. Law No. 12 of January 19, 2019 «On Prevention of Corruption and Conflict of Interest»
    (Закон од 19 јануари 2019 година број 12 «За спречување на корупцијата и судирот на интереси»), (Macedonian), (English);
  4. Code of Ethics for Civil Servants
    (Етички кодекс за државните службеници), (Macedonian).
Anti-Corruption Bodies
Peru
  1. High-Level Anti-Corruption Commission of Peru
    (Comisión De Alto Nivel Anticorrupción), (Spanish)

 
North Macedonia
  1. State Commission for Prevention of Corruption
    (Државна комисија за спречување на корупција), (Macedonian);
  2. Public Prosecutor's Office of the Republic of North Macedonia
    (Jавно обвинителство на Република Северна Македонија), (Macedonian), (English);
  3. Economic Crime and Corruption Department of the Ministry of Interior
    (Одделение за борба против економски криминал и корупција при Министерстве за внатрешни работи), (Macedonian);
  4. Department for Organized Crime and Corruption of Criminal Court Skopje
    (Оддел за борба против организиран криминал и корупција при Основен кривичен суд Скопје), (Macedonian).
 

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