HSE University Anti-Corruption Portal
Comparison of countries
Peru
Brazil
Indices
Overall Score:
36 out of 100
Rank:
105 out of 180
Overall Score:
5,66 out of 10
Rank:
107 out of 141
Overall Score:
0,49 out of 1
Rank:
90 out of 140
Overall Score:
61 out of 100
Overall Score:
93 out of 150
Rank:
53 out of 135
Overall Score:
6,71 out of 10
Rank:
47 out of 114
Overall Score:
38 out of 100
Rank:
96 out of 180
Overall Score:
4,76 out of 10
Rank:
83 out of 141
Overall Score:
0,49 out of 1
Rank:
81 out of 140
Overall Score:
80 out of 100
Overall Score:
108 out of 150
Rank:
29 out of 135
Overall Score:
7,23 out of 10
Rank:
39 out of 114
International Cooperation
UN
OECD
APEC
OAS
UN
OECD
G20
FATF
BRICS
OAS
Peru
  • The UN Convention against Corruption was ratified in 2004.
  • The review under the second cycle of the Implementation Review Mechanism is completed. The country report in Spanish and executive summary are available here.
  • The OECD Convention on Combating Bribery of Foreign Public Officials in International Business Transactions was ratified in 2018.
  • The country is undergoing Phase 1 evaluation of the implementation of the Convention. The report is available here.
  • APEC’s member since 1998.
  • The Inter-American Convention against Corruption was ratified in 1997.
Brazil
  • The UN Convention against Corruption was ratified in 2005.
  • The review under the first cycle of the Implementation Review Mechanism is completed. The country report is available here.
  • The OECD Convention on Combating Bribery of Foreign Public Officials in International Business Transactions was ratified in 2000.
  • The country is undergoing Phase 3 evaluation of the implementation of the Convention. The report is available here.
  • Member of the FATF since 2000.
  • Evaluation Report on compliance with the FATF recommendations is available here.
  • BRICS Member since 2009.
  • The Inter-American Convention against Corruption was ratified in 2002.
  • The Agreement for the Establishment of the International Anti-Corruption Academy as an International Organization was ratified in 2013.
Main Legislation
Peru
  1. Criminal Code: Articles 376, 382, 384, 385, 389, 393-401
    (Decreto Legislativo Nº 635: Código Penal, Artículos 376, 382, 384, 385, 389, 393-401​), (Spanish);

  2. Law of 2002 No. 27482 «On the Publication of Income and Asset Declarations of Civil Servants»
    (Ley 27482 que regula la publicación de la Declaración Jurada de Ingresos y de Bienes y Rentas de los funcionarios y servidores públicos del Estado), (Spanish);

  3. Law of August 12, 2002 No. 27815 «On the Code of Ethics for Civil Service»
    (Ley 27815 del Código de Ética de la Función Pública), (Spanish);

  4. Law of June 22, 2010 No. 29542 «On Protection of Whistleblowers at the Administrative Level and Effective Cooperation on Criminal Matters»
    (Ley 29542 de protección al denunciante en el ámbito administrativo y de colaboración eficaz en el ámbito penal), (Spanish);

  5. Law of July 4, 2013 No. 30057 «On Civil Service»
    (Ley 30057 del Servicio Civil), (Spanish).

  6. Law of April 21, 2016 No. 30424 «On Administrative Liability of Legal Persons for Transnational Bribery»
    (Ley 30424 que regula la responsabilidad administrativa de las personas jurídicas por el delito de cohecho activo transnacional), (Spanish);

  7. Law of August 17, 2022 No. 31564 «On Preventing and Managing Conflicts of Interest upon Recruitment to and Dismissal from the Civil Service»
    (Ley 31564 de Prevención y Mitigación del Conflicto de Intereses en El Acceso y Salida de Personal del Servicio Público)(Spanish).

Brazil
  1. Criminal Code: Articles 316, 317, 319, 321, 332, 333, 335, 337-B-337-D, 337-F, 337-G, 337-K, 337-L
    (Código Penal: Art. 316, 317, 319, 321, 332, 333, 335, 337-B-337-D, 337-F, 337-G, 337-K, 337-L), (Portuguese);

  2. Law of December 11, 1990 No. 8.112 «On the Legal Regime for Civil Servants of the Union, Local Governments, and Federal Public Funds»
    (Lei №8.112 de 11º de Dezembro de 1990 Dispõe sobre o regime jurídico dos servidores públicos civis da União, das autarquias e das fundações públicas federais)(Portuguese);

  3. Law of June 2, 1992 No. 8.429 «On Sanctions for Acts of Administrative Bad Faith»
    (Lei nº 8.429, de 2º de Junho de 1992 Dispõe sobre as sanções aplicáveis em virtude da prática de atos de improbidade administrativa, de que trata o § 4º do art. 37 da Constituição Federal; e dá outras providências), (Portuguese);

  4. Law of May 16, 2013 No. 12.813 «On the Management of Conflicts of Interest of Incoming and Incumbent Employees of Federal Executive Bodies and Subsequent Restrictions on Job Applications or Employment»
    (Lei nº 12.813, de 16.05.2013 Dispõe sobre o conflito de interesses no exercício de cargo ou emprego do Poder Executivo federal e impedimentos posteriores ao exercício do cargo ou emprego), (Portuguese);

  5. Law of August 1, 2013 No. 12.846 «On Clean Company»
    (Lei №12.846 de 1º de Agosto de 2013 da Empresa Limpa), (Portuguese);

  6. Decree of February 2, 2007 No. 6.029 on the establishment of the system of ethics regulation in federal executive bodies and on other issues related to countering corruption
    (Decreto nº 6.029, de 01.02.2007 Institui Sistema de Gestão da Ética do Poder Executivo Federal, e dá outras providências), (Portuguese);

  7. Decree of December 9, 2020 No. 10.571 on the submission and analysis of asset declarations and declarations of situations which may give rise to a conflict of interest submitted by public civil servants in the federal public administration (Decreto Nº 10.571, de 9 de Dezembro de 2020 Dispõe sobre a apresentação e a análise das declarações de bens e de situações que possam gerar conflito de interesses por agentes públicos civis da administração pública federal), (Portuguese);

  8. Decree of July 11, 2022 No. 11.129 on the amendment of of the law «On Clean Company»
    (Decreto № 11.129, de 11 de julho de 2022 Regulamenta a Lei nº 12.846, de 1º de agosto de 2013, que dispõe sobre a responsabilização administrativa e civil de pessoas jurídicas pela prática de atos contra a administração pública, nacional ou estrangeira), (Portuguese);

  9. Code of Conduct for Individuals Occupying Highest Positions in Federal Administration
    (Código de Conduta da Alta Administração Federal), (Portuguese);

  10. Guide to the Assessment of Integrity Programmes for Legal Persons Subject to Administrative Liability
    (Manual Prático para Avaliação de Programas de Integridade em Processo Administrativo de Responsabilização de Pessoas Jurídicas), (Portuguese).

Anti-Corruption Bodies
Peru
  1. High-Level Anti-Corruption Commission of Peru
    (Comisión De Alto Nivel Anticorrupción), (Spanish)

 
Brazil
  1. Ministry of Justice and Public Security
    (Ministério da Justiça e Segurança Pública), (Portuguese);

  2. Committee on Public Ethics of Brazil
    (Comissão de Ética Pública), (Portuguese);

  3. Comptroller General of the Union
    (Controladoria-Geral da União), (Portuguese).

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