HSE University Anti-Corruption Portal
Comparison of countries
Paraguay
Republic of Korea
Indices
Overall Score:
28 out of 100
Rank:
136 out of 180
Overall Score:
4,61 out of 10
Rank:
117 out of 141
Overall Score:
47 out of 100
Overall Score:
0,46 out of 1
Rank:
99 out of 142
Overall Score:
60 out of 150
Rank:
120 out of 140
Overall Score:
5,56 out of 10
Rank:
70 out of 119
Overall Score:
63 out of 100
Rank:
32 out of 180
Rank:
16 out of 141
Overall Score:
74 out of 100
Overall Score:
0,74 out of 1
Rank:
19 out of 142
Overall Score:
97 out of 150
Rank:
45 out of 140
Overall Score:
8,10 out of 10
Rank:
15 out of 119
International Cooperation
UN
OAS
UN
OECD
G20
APEC
FATF
Paraguay
  • The UN Convention against Corruption was ratified in 2005.
  • The review under the first cycle of the Implementation Review Mechanism is completed. The executive summary is available here.
  • The Inter-American Convention against Corruption was ratified in 1996.
  • The Agreement for the Establishment of the International Anti-Corruption Academy as an International Organization was ratified in 2018.
Republic of Korea
  • The UN Convention against Corruption was ratified in 2008.
  • The review under the second cycle of the Implementation Review Mechanism is completed. The executive summary is available here.
  • The OECD Convention on Combating Bribery of Foreign Public Officials in International Business Transactions was ratified in 1999.
  • The country is undergoing Phase 4 evaluation of the implementation of the Convention. The report is available here.
  • G20 Presidency in 2010.
  • The documents adopted under the Presidency of the Republic of Korea are available here.
  • APEC’s member since 1989.
  • Member of the FATF since 2009.
  • Evaluation Report on compliance with the FATF recommendations is available here.
  • The Agreement for the Establishment of the International Anti-Corruption Academy as an International Organization was ratified in 2011.
Main Legislation
Paraguay

1. Constitution: Article 104
(Constitución Nacional De La República Del Paraguay: Artículo 104), (Spanish);

2. Criminal Code: Articles 196, 300-304
(Codigo Penal: Artículos 196, 300-304), (Spanish);

3. Law on Civil Service: Articles 57, 60, 64, 68, 69
(Ley No. 1626 De La Funcion Publica: Artículos 57, 60, 64, 68, 69), (Spanish);

4. Law on the Prevention, Criminalisation and Punishment of Unlawful Enrichment in Public Office and Trading in Influence
(Ley № 2523 Previene, Tipifica Y Sanciona El Enriquecimiento Ilicito En La Funcion Publica Y El Trafico De Influencias), (Spanish);

5. Law on Punishable Acts against Public Assets
(Ley 2880 Reprime Hechos Punibles Contra El Patrimonio Del Estado), (Spanish);

6. Law on the Implementation of Article 104 of the Constitution, on the declaration of assets of civil servants
(Ley 5033 Reglamenta El Artículo 104 De La Constitucion Nacional, De La Declaracion Jurada De Bienes Y Rentas, Activos Y Pasivos De Los Funcionarios Publicos), (Spanish);

7. Law on the Prohibition of Nepotism in Public Service
(Ley № 5295 Prohíbe El Nepotismo En La Función Pública), (Spanish);

8. Law on Prevention, Criminalisation and Punishment of Transnational Bribery
(Ley 6430 Que Previene, Tipifica Y Sanciona Los Hechos Punibles De Cohecho Transnacional Y Soborno Transnacional), (Spanish);

9. Law of 26 April 2023 No. 7089 «On the Framework for the Prevention, Management of and Liability for Conflicts of Interest in the Public Service»
(Ley Nº 7089 Establece el Régimen de Prevención, Corrección y Sanción de Conflictos de Intereses en la Función Pública), (Spanish);

10. Law of 5 January 2024 No. 7236 «On the Amending Law of 26 April 2023 No. 7089 "On the Framework for the Prevention, Management of and Liability for Conflicts of Interest in the Public Service" and Repealing Articles 24, 25, 26 and 38»
(Ley Nº 7236 Que Modifica Varios Artículos De La Ley N° 7089/2023 “Que Establece El Régimen De Prevención, Corrección Y Sanción De Conflictos De Intereses En La Función Pública” Y Deroga Los Artículos 24, 25, 26 Y 38), (Spanish);

11. Presidential Decree on the Establishment of the Interagency Network to Promote Transparency and Combat Corruption under the Presidential Administration
(Decreto N° 4937/2016, Por la que se crea la Red Interinstitucional de Transparencia y Anticorrupción (RTA), dependiente de la Presidencia de la República), (Spanish).

Republic of Korea
  1. Criminal Act: Articles 129-135, 357
    (형법, 조항 129-135, 357), (Korean/English - amended 2021);

  2. Act on Preventing Bribery of Foreign Public Officials in International Business Transactions
    (국제상거래에 있어서 외국공무원에 대한 뇌물방지법), (Korean/English);

  3. Improper Solicitation and Graft Act
    (부정청탁 및 금품등 수수의 금지에 관한 법률), (Korean/English);

  4. Public Interest Whistleblower Protection Act
    (공익신고자 보호법), (Korean), (English);

  5. Act on the Prevention of Corruption and the Establishment and Management of the Anti-Corruption and Civil Rights Commission
    (부패방지 및 국민권익위원회의 설치와 운영에 관한 법률), (Korean), (English);

  6. Act on the Establishment and Operation of the Corruption Investigation Office for High-Ranking Officials
    (고위공직자범죄수사처 설치 및 운영에 관한 법률), (Korean), (English);

  7. Act on the Prevention of Conflict of Interest Related to Duties of Public Servants
    (공직자의 이해충돌 방지법), (Korean), (English);

  8. Public Service Ethics Act
    (공직자윤리법), (Korean), (English);

  9. Code of Conduct for Public Officials
    (공무원 행동강령), (Korean), (English).

Anti-Corruption Bodies
Paraguay

1. National Anti-Corruption Secretariat
(Secretaria Nacional Anticorrupción), (Spanish);

2. Interagency Network to Promote Transparency and Combat Corruption
(Red Interinstitucional de Transparencia y Anticorrupción);

3. Specialised Unit of the Public Prosecutor's Office for Combating Economic Crime and Corruption
(Unidad Especializada de Delitos Económicos y Anticorrupción), (Spanish).

Republic of Korea
  1. Anti-Corruption and Civil Rights Commission
    (대한민국 국민권익위원회), (Korean/English);

  2. Corruption Investigation Office for High-Ranking Officials
    (고위공직자범죄수사처), (Korean), (English).

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