HSE University Anti-Corruption Portal
Comparison of countries
Panama
Chile
Indices
Overall Score:
36 out of 100
Rank:
101 out of 180
Overall Score:
5,39 out of 10
Rank:
18 out of 141
Overall Score:
0,51 out of 1
Rank:
74 out of 142
Overall Score:
100 out of 150
Rank:
41 out of 140
Overall Score:
66 out of 100
Rank:
29 out of 180
Overall Score:
73 out of 141
Overall Score:
94 out of 150
Rank:
50 out of 140
Overall Score:
60 out of 100
Overall Score:
7,27 out of 10
Rank:
37 out of 119
Overall Score:
0,66 out of 1
Rank:
33 out of 142
Overall Score:
6,67 out of 10
International Cooperation
UN
OAS
UN
OECD
APEC
OAS
Panama
  • The UN Convention against Corruption was ratified in 2005.
  • The review under the second cycle of the Implementation Review Mechanism is completed. The executive summary is available here.
  • The Inter-American Convention against Corruption was ratified in 1998.
  • The Agreement for the Establishment of the International Anti-Corruption Academy as an International Organization was ratified in 2012.
Chile
  • The UN Convention against Corruption was ratified in 2006.
  • The review under the first cycle of the Implementation Review Mechanism is completed. The country report is available here.
  • The OECD Convention on Combating Bribery of Foreign Public Officials in International Business Transactions was ratified in 2001.
  • The country is undergoing Phase 4 evaluation of the implementation of the Convention. The report is available here.
  • APEC’s member since 1994.
  • The Inter-American Convention against Corruption was ratified in 1998.
  • The Agreement for the Establishment of the International Anti-Corruption Academy as an International Organization was ratified in 2013.
Main Legislation
Panama

1. Criminal Code: Articles 254, 345-354, 364, 365
(Código Penal: Artículos 254, 345-354, 364, 365), (Spanish);

2. Law on the Careers of Civil Servants
(Por la cual se establece y regula la Carrera Administrativa), (Spanish);

3. Law on the Implementation of Article 299 of the Constitution and the Fight against Corruption in Public Authorities
(Que Reglamenta el Artículo 299 de la Constitución Política y Dicta otras Disposiciones contra la Corrupción Administrativa), (Spanish);

4. Law on Regulating Situations of Conflict of Interest in the Public Service
(Que Regula Situaciones de Conflicto de Intereses en la Función Pública), (Spanish);

5. Presidential Decree on a Unified Form for Declaration of Interests and Other Provisions
(Que adopta el Formulario Único de Declaración Jurada de intereses particulares y dicta otras disposiciones), (Spanish);

6. Uniform Code of Ethics for Public Officials
(Código Uniforme De Ética De Los Servidores Públicos), (Spanish);

7. Guidelines on Asset Declarations for Civil Servants
(Guía Básica sobre Declaración Jurada de Estado Patrimonial de Funcionarios Públicos), (Spanish).

Chile
  1. Criminal Code: Articles 240, 248-251ter, 287-bis, 287-ter
    (Código Penal: Artículos 240, 248-251ter, 287-bis, 287-ter), (Spanish);

  2. Law of November 17, 2001 No. 19.653 «Revised and Systematized Text of Law No. 18.575 “On General Constitutional Framework of Public Administration”»
    (DFL 1-19653 de 17 noviembre 2001, Fija texto refundido, coordinado y  sistematizado de la ley nº 18.575,  organica constitucional de bases generales de la administracion del  estado), (Spanish);

  3. Law No. 20.205 of July 24, 2007 «Protection of Officials Reporting Irregularities and Violations of the Principle of Integrity»
    (Ley 20.205 de 24 julio 2007, Protege al funcionario que denuncia irregularidades y faltas al principio de probidad), (Spanish);

  4. Law of December 2, 2009 No. 20.393 «On Criminal Liability of Legal Persons for the Crimes Related to Money-Laundering, Terrorist Financing and Bribery»
    (Ley 20.393 de 2 diciembre 2009, Establece la responsabilidad penal de las personas jurídicas en los delitos de lavado de activos, financiamiento del terrorismo y delitos de cohecho que indica), (Spanish);

  5. Law No. 20.880 of January 5, 2016 «On Integrity in Civil Service and the Prevention of Conflicts of Interest»
    (Ley 20.880 de 5 enero 2016, Sobre probidad en la función pública y prevención de los conflictos de intereses)(Spanish);

  6. Law No. 21.592 of August 21, 2023 «On the Protection of Whistleblowers»
    (Ley 21.592 de 21 agosto 2023, Establece un Estatuto de Protección en Favor del Denunciante)(Spanish);

  7. Code of Ethics of Civil Service
    (Código de ética para la función pública), (Spanish).

Anti-Corruption Bodies
Panama

1. Public Prosecutor's Office of Panama
(Ministerio Público de Panamá), (Spanish);

2. National Authority for Transparency and Access to Information
(Autoridad Nacional de Transparencia y Acceso a la Información), (Spanish).

Chile
  1. Special Anti-Corruption Unit, General Prosecutor’s Office
    (Unidad Especializada Anticorrupción de la Fiscalía Nacional), (Spanish);

  2. General Comptroller
    (Contraloria General De la República), (Spanish/English);

  3. Transparency Council of Chile
    (Consejo para la Transparencia), (Spanish/English);

  4. Anti-Corruption Portal
    (Portal Anticorrupción)(Spanish).

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