HSE University Anti-Corruption Portal
Comparison of countries
Moldova
Peru
Indices
Overall Score:
36 out of 100
Rank:
105 out of 180
Overall Score:
0,51 out of 1
Rank:
73 out of 139
Overall Score:
65 out of 100
Overall Score:
93 out of 150
Rank:
53 out of 136
Overall Score:
6,28 out of 10
Rank:
60 out of 114
Overall Score:
36 out of 100
Rank:
105 out of 180
Overall Score:
5,66 out of 10
Rank:
107 out of 141
Overall Score:
0,49 out of 1
Rank:
87 out of 139
Overall Score:
61 out of 100
Overall Score:
93 out of 150
Rank:
54 out of 136
Overall Score:
6,71 out of 10
Rank:
47 out of 114
International Cooperation
UN
GRECO
UN
OECD
APEC
OAS
Moldova
  • The UN Convention against Corruption was ratified in 2007.
  • The review under the first cycle of the Implementation Review Mechanism is completed. The country report is available here.
  • GRECO’s member since 2001.
  • The Council of Europe’s Criminal Law Convention on Corruption was ratified in 2004.
  • The Council of Europe’s Civil Law Convention on Corruption was ratified in 2004.
  • The fourth evaluation round is completed. The evaluation report is available here.
  • The Agreement for the Establishment of the International Anti-Corruption Academy as an International Organization was ratified in 2012.
Peru
  • The UN Convention against Corruption was ratified in 2004.
  • The review under the second cycle of the Implementation Review Mechanism is completed. The country report in Spanish and executive summary are available here.
  • The OECD Convention on Combating Bribery of Foreign Public Officials in International Business Transactions was ratified in 2018.
  • The country is undergoing Phase 1 evaluation of the implementation of the Convention. The report is available here.
  • APEC’s member since 1998.
  • The Inter-American Convention against Corruption was ratified in 1997.
Main Legislation
Moldova
  1. Criminal Code: Articles 256, 324-327, 3302, 333-335
    (Codul Penal: Articole 256, 324-327, 3302, 333-335), (Romanian/Russian);

  2. Code of Offences: Articles 312, 3131, 3132, 3134-3136, 3138, 314-315, 3191, 3271, 3302
    (Codul Contravenţional: Articole 312, 3131, 3132, 3134-3136, 3138, 314-315, 3191, 3271, 3302), (Romanian)(Russian);

  3. Law of June 6, 2002 No. 1104 «On the National Anti-Corruption Centre»
    (Lege Nr. 1104 din 06.06.2002 cu privire la Centrul Naţional Anticorupţie), (Romanian/Russian);

  4. Law of February 22, 2008 No. 25 «On the Code of Conduct for Civil Servants»​
    (Lege Nr. 25 din 22.02.2008 privind Codul de conduită a funcţionarului public), (Romanian/Russian);

  5. Law of July 4, 2008 No. 158 «On Public Office and the Status of a Public Servant»
    (Lege Nr. 158 din 04.07.2008 cu privire la funcţia publică şi statutul funcţionarului public), (Romanian/Russian);

  6. Law of June 17, 2016 No. 133 «On declaration of assets and personal interests»
    (Lege Nr. 133 din 17.06.2016 privind declararea averii și a intereselor personale), (Romanian/Russian);

  7. Law of May 25, 2017 No. 82 «On Integrity»
    (Lege Nr. 82 din 25.05.2017 integrităţii), (Romanian/Russian).

Peru
  1. Criminal Code: Articles 376, 382, 384, 385, 389, 393-401
    (Decreto Legislativo Nº 635: Código Penal, Artículos 376, 382, 384, 385, 389, 393-401​), (Spanish);

  2. Law of 2001 No. 27482 «On the Publication of Income and Asset Declarations of Civil Servants»
    (Ley 27482 que regula la publicación de la Declaración Jurada de Ingresos y de Bienes y Rentas de los funcionarios y servidores públicos del Estado), (Spanish);

  3. Law of August 12, 2002 No. 27815 «On the Code of Ethics for Civil Service»
    (Ley 27815 del Código de Ética de la Función Pública), (Spanish);

  4. Law of June 22, 2010 No. 29542 «On Protection of Whistleblowers at the Administrative Level and Effective Cooperation on Criminal Matters»
    (Ley 29542 de protección al denunciante en el ámbito administrativo y de colaboración eficaz en el ámbito penal), (Spanish);

  5. Law of July 4, 2013 No. 30057 «On Civil Service»
    (Ley 30057 del Servicio Civil), (Spanish).

  6. Law of April 21, 2016 No. 30424 «On Administrative Liability of Legal Persons for Transnational Bribery»
    (Ley 30424 que regula la responsabilidad administrativa de las personas jurídicas por el delito de cohecho activo transnacional), (Spanish);

  7. Law of August 17, 2022 No. 31564 «On Preventing and Managing Conflicts of Interest upon Recruitment to and Dismissal from the Civil Service»
    (Ley 31564 de Prevención y Mitigación del Conflicto de Intereses en El Acceso y Salida de Personal del Servicio Público)(Spanish).

Anti-Corruption Bodies
Moldova
  1. National Anti-Corruption Centre
    (Centrul Național Anticorupție), (Romanian/English);

  2. Anti-Corruption Prosecutor’s Office of the General Prosecutor’s Office
    (Parchetul Anticorupție al Parchetului General), (Romanian);

  3. National Integrity Authority
    (Autoritatea Națională de Integritate), (Romanian/Russian/English);

  4. Independent Anti-Corruption Advisory Commitee
    (Comitetul Consultativ Independent Anticorupție), (Romanian/English).

Peru
  1. High-Level Anti-Corruption Commission of Peru
    (Comisión De Alto Nivel Anticorrupción), (Spanish)

 

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