HSE University Anti-Corruption Portal
Comparison of countries
Mexico
Italy
Indices
Overall Score:
31 out of 100
Rank:
124 out of 180
Rank:
80 out of 133
Overall Score:
0,44 out of 1
Rank:
104 out of 128
Overall Score:
82 out of 100
Overall Score:
136 out of 150
Rank:
2 out of 134
Overall Score:
6,77 out of 10
Rank:
48 out of 114
Overall Score:
53 out of 100
Rank:
52 out of 180
Rank:
41 out of 133
Overall Score:
0,66 out of 1
Rank:
27 out of 128
Overall Score:
71 out of 100
Overall Score:
85 out of 150
Rank:
66 out of 134
Overall Score:
7,9 out of 10
Rank:
27 out of 114
International Cooperation
UN
OECD
G20
APEC
FATF
OAS
IACA
UN
GRECO
OECD
G20
FATF
Mexico
  • The UN Convention against Corruption was ratified in 2004.
  • The review under the second cycle of the Implementation Review Mechanism is completed. The executive summary is available here.
  • The OECD Convention on Combating Bribery of Foreign Public Officials in International Business Transactions was ratified in 1999.
  • The country is undergoing Phase 4 evaluation of the implementation of the Convention. The report is available here.

  • G20 Presidency in 2012.
  • The documents adopted under Mexico’s Presidency are available here.
  • APEC’s member since 1993.
  • Member of the FATF since 2000.
  • Evaluation Report on compliance with the FATF recommendations is available here.
  • The Inter-American Convention against Corruption was ratified in 1997.
Italy
  • The UN Convention against Corruption was ratified in 2009.
  • The review under the second cycle of the Implementation Review Mechanism is completed. The country report is available here.
  • GRECO’s member since 2007.
  • The Council of Europe’s Criminal Law Convention on Corruption was ratified in 2013.
  • The Council of Europe’s Civil Law Convention on Corruption was ratified in 2013.
  • The forth evaluation round is completed. The evaluation report is available here.
  • The OECD Convention on Combating Bribery of Foreign Public Officials in International Business Transactions was ratified in 2000.
  • The country is undergoing Phase 3 evaluation of the implementation of the Convention. The report is available here.
  • G20 Presidency is scheduled for 2021.
  • Member of the FATF since 1990.
  • Evaluation Report on compliance with the FATF recommendations is available here.
Main Legislation
Mexico
  1. Federal Criminal Code, Part X «Corruption Offences»
    (Código Penal Federal, Título Décimo. Delitos por hechos de corrupción), (Spanish);

  2. General Law «On Administrative Liability»
    (Ley General de Responsabilidades Administrativas), (Spanish);

  3. General Law «On National Anticorruption System»
    (Ley General del Sistema Anticorrupción), (Spanish);

  4. Law «On Confiscation of Illegally Acquired Assets»
    (Ley de Extinción de Dominio), (Spanish);

  5. Decree of May 27, 2015 amending, adding and repealing certain provisions of the Constitution of the United Mexican States in the area of combating corruption
    (Decreto por el que se reforman, adicionan y derogan diversas disposiciones de la Constitución Política de los Estados Unidos Mexicanos, en materia de combate a la corrupción), (Spanish);

  6. Agreement aimed at establishing a Code of ethics for public officials, rules of integrity for fulfilling public functions and general guiding principles for promoting integrity of civil servants and their ethical behaviour through the Committees on Ethics and on the Prevention of Conflicts of Interest
    (Acuerdo que tiene por objeto emitir el Código de Ética de los servidores públicos del Gobierno Federal, las Reglas de Integridad para el ejercicio de la función pública, y los Lineamientos generales para propiciar la integridad de los servidores públicos y para implementar acciones permanentes que favorezcan su comportamiento ético, a través de los Comités de Ética y de Prevención de Conflictos de Interés), (Spanish).

Italy
  1. Criminal Code, articles 318-322, 222bis, 346 bis, 357 and 358
    (Codice penale), (Italian);

  2. Law of July 20, 2004 No. 215 «Procedures for Managing Conflicts of Interest»
    (Legge 20 luglio 2004, n. 215 «Norme in materia di risoluzione dei conflitti di interessi»), (Italian);

  3. Law of November 6, 2012 No. 190 «On Countering Corruption and Unlawfulness in Public Administration»
    (Legge 6 novembre 2012, n. 190 «Disposizioni per la prevenzione e la repressione della corruzione e dell'illegalita' nella pubblica amministrazione»), (Italian);

  4. Decree of the President of the Italian Republic of April 16, 2013 No. 62 «Regulation on the Code of Conduct for Civil Servants»
    (Decreto Del Presidente Della Repubblica del 16 aprile 2013, n. 62 «Regolamento recante codice di comportamento dei dipendenti pubblici»), (Italian);

  5. Legislative Decree No. 165 of March 30, 2001 «General Provisions for Working Conditions in Public Administration»
    (Decreto Legislativo 30 marzo 2001, n. 165 «Norme generali sull'ordinamento del lavoro alle dipendenze delle amministrazioni pubbliche»), (Italian);

  6. Legislative Decree of June 8, 2001 No. 231 «On Administrative Liability of Legal Persons, Companies and Associations and those with no Legal Personality», Article 25
    (Decreto Legislativo 8 giugno 2001, n. 231 «Disciplina della responsabilita' amministrativa delle persone giuridiche, delle societa' e delle associazioni anche prive di personalita' giuridica»), (Italian);

  7. Legislative Decree of March 14, 2013 No. 33 «On the Reorganization of the Procedure for Providing Due Publicity, Transparency and Dissemination of Information by Public Bodies»
    (Decreto Legislativo 14 marzo 2013, n. 33 «Riordino della disciplina riguardante gli obblighi di pubblicita', trasparenza e diffusione di informazioni da parte delle pubbliche amministrazioni»), (Italian).

Anti-Corruption Bodies
Mexico
  1. National Anti-Corruption System of Mexico
    (Sistema nacional anticorrupción), (Spanish);

  2. Superior Audit Office of the Federation
    (Auditoría Superior de la Federación), (Spanish);

  3. Unit for Transparency and International Cooperation Policies
    Unidad de Políticas de Transparencia y Cooperación Internacional), (Spanish);

  4. National Institute for Transparency, Access to Information and Protection of Personal Data
    (Instituto Nacional de Transparencia, Acceso a la Información y Protección de Datos Personales), (Spanish).

Italy
  1. National Anti-Corruption Authority
    (Autorità Nazionale Anticorruzione), (Italian).

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