HSE University Anti-Corruption Portal
Comparison of countries
Republic of Korea
Turkey
Indices
Overall Score:
61 out of 100
Rank:
33 out of 180
Rank:
21 out of 133
Overall Score:
0,73 out of 1
Rank:
17 out of 128
Overall Score:
62 out of 100
Overall Score:
97 out of 150
Rank:
47 out of 134
Overall Score:
8,33 out of 10
Rank:
20 out of 114
Overall Score:
40 out of 100
Rank:
86 out of 180
Rank:
55 out of 133
Overall Score:
0,43 out of 1
Rank:
107 out of 128
Overall Score:
51 out of 100
Overall Score:
72 out of 150
Rank:
96 out of 134
Overall Score:
6,52 out of 10
Rank:
59 out of 114
International Cooperation
UN
OECD
G20
APEC
FATF
IACA
UN
GRECO
OECD
G20
FATF
IACA
Republic of Korea
  • The UN Convention against Corruption was ratified in 2008.
  • The review under the first cycle of the Implementation Review Mechanism is completed. The executive summary is available here.
  • The OECD Convention on Combating Bribery of Foreign Public Officials in International Business Transactions was ratified in 1999.
  • The country is undergoing Phase 4 evaluation of the implementation of the Convention. The report is available here.
  • G20 Presidency in 2010.
  • The documents adopted under the Presidency of the Republic of Korea are available here.
  • APEC’s member since 1989.
  • Member of the FATF since 2009.
  • Evaluation Report on compliance with the FATF recommendations is available here.
  • The Agreement for the Establishment of the International Anti-Corruption Academy as an International Organization was ratified in 2011.
Turkey
  • The UN Convention against Corruption was ratified in 2006.
  • The review under the first cycle of the Implementation Review Mechanism is completed. The executive summary is available here.
  • GRECO’s member since 2004.
  • The Council of Europe’s Criminal Law Convention on Corruption was ratified in 2004.
  • The Council of Europe’s Civil Law Convention on Corruption was not ratified in 2003.
  • The forth evaluation round is completed. The evaluation report is available here.
  • The OECD Convention on Combating Bribery of Foreign Public Officials in International Business Transactions was ratified in 2000.
  • The country is undergoing Phase 3 evaluation of the implementation of the Convention. The report is available here.
  • G20 Presidency in 2015.
  • The documents adopted under Turkey’s Presidency are available here.
  • Member of the FATF since 1991.
  • Evaluation Report on compliance with the FATF recommendations is available here.
  • The Agreement for the Establishment of the International Anti-Corruption Academy as an International Organization was ratified in 2012.
Main Legislation
Republic of Korea
  1. Criminal Act, articles 129-133 and 357
    (형법, 조항 129-133, 357), (Korean/English);

  2. Act on Preventing Bribery of Foreign Public Officials in International Business Transactions
    (국제상거래에 있어서 외국공무원에 대한 뇌물방지법), (Korean/English);

  3. Improper Solicitation and Graft Act
    (부정청탁 및 금품등 수수의 금지에 관한 법률), (Korean/English);

  4. Act on the Protection of Public Interest Whistleblowers
    (공익신고자 보호법), (Korean);

  5. Act on the Prevention of Corruption and the Establishment and Management of Anti-Corruption and Civil Rights Commission
    (부패방지 및 국민권익위원회의 설치와 운영에 관한 법률), (Korean/English);

  6. Act on the Creation and Functioning of the Office for Investigation of Corruption among High-Ranked Officials
    (고위공직자범죄수사처 설치 및 운영에 관한 법률), (Korean);

  7. Public Service Ethics Act
    (공직자윤리법), (Korean);

  8. Code of Conduct for Public Officials
    (공무원 행동강령), (Korean).

Turkey
  1. Criminal Code, articles 252 – 254, (Turkish), (English);

  2. Law on Civil Service of July 14, 1965 No. № 657
    (14/7/1965 tarihli ve 657 sayılı Devlet Memurları Kanunu), (Turkish);

  3. Act of June 10, 1981 No. 17480 «On the Prohibition of Employment after Dismissal from the Public Sector»
    (10/06/1981 tarihli ve 17480 sayılı Kamu Görevlerinden Ayrılanların Yapamayacakları İşler Hakkında Kanun)(Turkish);

  4. Act of April 19, 1990 No. 3628 «On Declaration of Property and Fight against Bribery and Corruption»
    (19/04/1990 tarihli ve 3628 sayılı Mal Bildiriminde Bulunulması, Rüşvet ve Yolsuzluklarla Mücadele Kanunu), (Turkish/English);

  5. Law of May 25, 2004 No. 5176 «On the Establishment of Council of Ethics for Public Service and on Amendments to Specific Laws»
    (25/05/2004 tarihli ve 5176 sayılı Kamu Görevlileri Etik Kurulu Kurulmasi Ve Bazi Kanunlarda Değişiklik Yapilmasi Hakkinda Kanun), (Turkish);

  6. Regulation No. 90/748 on Declaration of Assets
    (Yönetmelik № 90/748 Mal Bildiriminde Bulunulmasi Hakkinda), (Turkish);

  7. Regulation on Ethical Principles of Conduct for Public Officials and Principles and Procedures of Their Application
    (Yönetmelik Kamu Görevlileri Etik Davraniş İlkeleri İle Başvuru Usul Ve Esaslari Hakkinda), (Turkish).

Anti-Corruption Bodies
Republic of Korea
  1. Anti-Corruption and Civil Rights Commission
    (대한민국 국민권익위원회), (Korean/English).

Turkey
  1. Ministry of Justice of the Republic of Turkey
    (Türkiye Cumhuriyeti Adalet Bakanlığı), (Turkish/English).

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