HSE University Anti-Corruption Portal
Comparison of countries
Republic of Korea
Brazil
Indices
Overall Score:
61 out of 100
Rank:
33 out of 180
Rank:
21 out of 133
Overall Score:
0,73 out of 1
Rank:
17 out of 128
Overall Score:
62 out of 100
Overall Score:
97 out of 150
Rank:
47 out of 134
Overall Score:
8,33 out of 10
Rank:
20 out of 114
Overall Score:
38 out of 100
Rank:
94 out of 180
Rank:
73 out of 133
Overall Score:
0,52 out of 1
Rank:
67 out of 128
Overall Score:
81 out of 100
Overall Score:
108 out of 150
Rank:
30 out of 134
Overall Score:
6,26 out of 10
Rank:
69 out of 114
International Cooperation
UN
OECD
G20
APEC
FATF
IACA
UN
OECD
G20
FATF
BRICS
OAS
IACA
Republic of Korea
  • The UN Convention against Corruption was ratified in 2008.
  • The review under the first cycle of the Implementation Review Mechanism is completed. The executive summary is available here.
  • The OECD Convention on Combating Bribery of Foreign Public Officials in International Business Transactions was ratified in 1999.
  • The country is undergoing Phase 4 evaluation of the implementation of the Convention. The report is available here.
  • G20 Presidency in 2010.
  • The documents adopted under the Presidency of the Republic of Korea are available here.
  • APEC’s member since 1989.
  • Member of the FATF since 2009.
  • Evaluation Report on compliance with the FATF recommendations is available here.
  • The Agreement for the Establishment of the International Anti-Corruption Academy as an International Organization was ratified in 2011.
Brazil
  • The UN Convention against Corruption was ratified in 2005.
  • The review under the first cycle of the Implementation Review Mechanism is completed. The country report is available here.
  • The OECD Convention on Combating Bribery of Foreign Public Officials in International Business Transactions was ratified in 2000.
  • The country is undergoing Phase 3 evaluation of the implementation of the Convention. The report is available here.
  • Member of the FATF since 2000.
  • Evaluation Report on compliance with the FATF recommendations is available here.
  • BRICS Member since 2009.
  • The Inter-American Convention against Corruption was ratified in 2002.
  • The Agreement for the Establishment of the International Anti-Corruption Academy as an International Organization was ratified in 2013.
Main Legislation
Republic of Korea
  1. Criminal Act, articles 129-133 and 357
    (형법, 조항 129-133, 357), (Korean/English);

  2. Act on Preventing Bribery of Foreign Public Officials in International Business Transactions
    (국제상거래에 있어서 외국공무원에 대한 뇌물방지법), (Korean/English);

  3. Improper Solicitation and Graft Act
    (부정청탁 및 금품등 수수의 금지에 관한 법률), (Korean/English);

  4. Act on the Protection of Public Interest Whistleblowers
    (공익신고자 보호법), (Korean);

  5. Act on the Prevention of Corruption and the Establishment and Management of Anti-Corruption and Civil Rights Commission
    (부패방지 및 국민권익위원회의 설치와 운영에 관한 법률), (Korean/English);

  6. Act on the Creation and Functioning of the Office for Investigation of Corruption among High-Ranked Officials
    (고위공직자범죄수사처 설치 및 운영에 관한 법률), (Korean);

  7. Public Service Ethics Act
    (공직자윤리법), (Korean);

  8. Code of Conduct for Public Officials
    (공무원 행동강령), (Korean).

Brazil
  1. Criminal Code, Chapter XI «Crimes against Public Administration»
    (Código Penal, TÍTULO XI - Dos crimes contra a Administração Pública), (Portuguese);

  2. Law of June 2, 1992 No. 8.429 «On Liability of Civil Servants for Illicit Enrichment»
    (Lei nº 8.429, de 2º de Junho de 1992 Dispõe sobre as sanções aplicáveis aos agentes públicos nos casos de enriquecimento ilícito), (Portuguese);

  3. Law of May 16, 2013 No. 12.813 «On the Management of Conflicts of Interest of Incoming and Incumbent Employees of Federal Executive Bodies and Subsequent Restrictions on Job Applications or Employment»
    (Lei nº 12.813, de 16.05.2013 Dispõe sobre o conflito de interesses no exercício de cargo ou emprego do Poder Executivo federal e impedimentos posteriores ao exercício do cargo ou emprego), (Portuguese);

  4. Law of August 1, 2013 No. 12.846 «On Clean Company»
    (Lei №12.846 de 1º de Agosto de 2013 da Empresa Limpa), (Portuguese);

  5. Decree of February 2, 2007 No. 6.029 on the establishment of the system of ethics regulation in federal executive bodies and on other issues related to countering corruption
    (Decreto nº 6.029, de 01.02.2007 Institui Sistema de Gestão da Ética do Poder Executivo Federal, e dá outras providências), (Portuguese);

  6. Decree of March 18, 2015 No. 8.420 on the specifics of the application of the law «On Clean Company» in terms of subjecting legal persons to administrative liability for activities against population, national or foreign administration and other measures
    (Decreto nº 8.420, de 18 de Março de 2015, Regulamenta a Lei no12.846, de 1ode Agosto de 2013, que dispõe sobre a responsabilização administrativa de pessoas jurídicas pela prática de atos contra a administração pública, nacional ou estrangeira e dá outras providências), (Portuguese);

  7. Decree of December 9, 2020 No. 10.571 on the submission and analysis of asset declarations and declarations of situations which may give rise to a conflict of interest submitted by public civil servants in the federal public administration (Decreto Nº 10.571, de 9 de Dezembro de 2020 Dispõe sobre a apresentação e a análise das declarações de bens e de situações que possam gerar conflito de interesses por agentes públicos civis da administração pública federal), (Portuguese);

  8. Code of Conduct for Individuals Occupying Highest Positions in Federal Administration
    (Código de Conduta da Alta Administração Federal), (Portuguese);

  9. Guide to the Assessment of Integrity Programmes for Legal Persons Subject to Administrative Liability
    (Manual Prático para Avaliação de Programas de Integridade em Processo Administrativo de Responsabilização de Pessoas Jurídicas), (Portuguese).

Anti-Corruption Bodies
Republic of Korea
  1. Anti-Corruption and Civil Rights Commission
    (대한민국 국민권익위원회), (Korean/English).

Brazil
  1. Committee on Public Ethics of Brazil
    (Comissão de Ética Pública), (Portuguese);

  2. Comptroller General of the Union
    (Controladoria-Geral da União), (Portuguese).

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