HSE University Anti-Corruption Portal
Comparison of countries
France
Peru
Indices
Overall Score:
71 out of 100
Rank:
22 out of 180
Rank:
30 out of 141
Overall Score:
0,72 out of 1
Rank:
23 out of 139
Overall Score:
72 out of 100
Overall Score:
64 out of 150
Rank:
111 out of 136
Overall Score:
8,53 out of 10
Rank:
10 out of 114
Overall Score:
36 out of 100
Rank:
105 out of 180
Overall Score:
5,66 out of 10
Rank:
107 out of 141
Overall Score:
0,49 out of 1
Rank:
87 out of 139
Overall Score:
61 out of 100
Overall Score:
93 out of 150
Rank:
54 out of 136
Overall Score:
6,71 out of 10
Rank:
47 out of 114
International Cooperation
UN
GRECO
OECD
G20
FATF
UN
OECD
APEC
OAS
France
  • The UN Convention against Corruption was ratified in 2005.
  • The review under the second cycle of the Implementation Review Mechanism is completed. The executive summary is available here.
  • GRECO’s member since 1999.
  • The Council of Europe’s Criminal Law Convention on Corruption was ratified in 2008.
  • The Council of Europe’s Civil Law Convention on Corruption was ratified in 2008.
  • The fifth evaluation round is completed. The evaluation report is available here.
  • The OECD Convention on Combating Bribery of Foreign Public Officials in International Business Transactions was ratified in 2000.
  • The country is undergoing Phase 4 evaluation of the implementation of the Convention. The report is available here.
  • G20 Presidency in 2011.
  • The documents adopted under France’s Presidency are available here.
  • Member of the FATF since 1990.
  • Evaluation Report on compliance with the FATF recommendations is available here.
Peru
  • The UN Convention against Corruption was ratified in 2004.
  • The review under the second cycle of the Implementation Review Mechanism is completed. The country report in Spanish and executive summary are available here.
  • The OECD Convention on Combating Bribery of Foreign Public Officials in International Business Transactions was ratified in 2018.
  • The country is undergoing Phase 1 evaluation of the implementation of the Convention. The report is available here.
  • APEC’s member since 1998.
  • The Inter-American Convention against Corruption was ratified in 1997.
Main Legislation
France
  1. Penal Code: Article 121-2 Liability of Legal Persons, Articles 432-11 – 432-16, 433-1 – 433-2, 433-4, 435-1 – 435-4, 435-10, 445-1 – 445-4
    (Code Pénal: Article 121-2 – Responsabilité des personnes morales, Articles 432-11 – 432-16, 433-1 – 433-2, 433-4, 435-1 – 435-4, 435-10, 445-1 – 445-4), (French);

  2. Law of October 11, 2013 No. 2013-907 «On Transparency of Public Life»
    (Loi n° 2013-907 du 11 octobre 2013 relative à la transparence de la vie publique), (French);

  3. Law of April 20, 2016 No. 2016-483 «On Ethics, Rights and Obligations of Civil Servants»
    (Loi n° 2016-483 du 20 avril 2016 relative à la déontologie et aux droits et obligations des fonctionnaires), (French);

  4. Law of December 9, 2016 No. 2016-1691 «On Transparency, Fight against Corruption and Modernization of Economic Life»
    (Loi n° 2016-1691 du 9 décembre 2016 relative à la transparence, à la lutte contre la corruption et à la modernisation de la vie économique), (French);

  5. Notice on the French Anti-Corruption Agency Guidelines to help Public and Private Sector Entities to Prevent and Detect Bribery, Influence Peddling, Extortion by Public Officials, Illegal Taking of Interest, Misappropriation of Public Funds and Favouritism
    (Recommandations destinées à aider les personnes morales de droit public et de droit privé à prévenir et à détecter les faits de corruption, de trafic d'influence, de concussion, de prise illégale d'intérêts, de détournement de fonds publics et de favoritisme), (French), (English).

Peru
  1. Criminal Code: Articles 376, 382, 384, 385, 389, 393-401
    (Decreto Legislativo Nº 635: Código Penal, Artículos 376, 382, 384, 385, 389, 393-401​), (Spanish);

  2. Law of 2001 No. 27482 «On the Publication of Income and Asset Declarations of Civil Servants»
    (Ley 27482 que regula la publicación de la Declaración Jurada de Ingresos y de Bienes y Rentas de los funcionarios y servidores públicos del Estado), (Spanish);

  3. Law of August 12, 2002 No. 27815 «On the Code of Ethics for Civil Service»
    (Ley 27815 del Código de Ética de la Función Pública), (Spanish);

  4. Law of June 22, 2010 No. 29542 «On Protection of Whistleblowers at the Administrative Level and Effective Cooperation on Criminal Matters»
    (Ley 29542 de protección al denunciante en el ámbito administrativo y de colaboración eficaz en el ámbito penal), (Spanish);

  5. Law of July 4, 2013 No. 30057 «On Civil Service»
    (Ley 30057 del Servicio Civil), (Spanish).

  6. Law of April 21, 2016 No. 30424 «On Administrative Liability of Legal Persons for Transnational Bribery»
    (Ley 30424 que regula la responsabilidad administrativa de las personas jurídicas por el delito de cohecho activo transnacional), (Spanish);

  7. Law of August 17, 2022 No. 31564 «On Preventing and Managing Conflicts of Interest upon Recruitment to and Dismissal from the Civil Service»
    (Ley 31564 de Prevención y Mitigación del Conflicto de Intereses en El Acceso y Salida de Personal del Servicio Público)(Spanish).

Anti-Corruption Bodies
France
  1. French Anti-Corruption Agency
    (Agence française anticorruption), (French);

  2. Central Office for the Fight against Corruption and Financial and Tax Offences
    (Office central de lutte contre la corruption et les infractions financières et fiscales), (French);

  3. High Authority for Transparency in Public Life
    (Haute Autorité pour la transparence de la vie publique), (French/English);

  4. National Financial Prosecutor’s Office
    (Parquet national financier), (French);

  5. Paris Prosecutor’s Office
    (Parquet de Paris), (French).

Peru
  1. High-Level Anti-Corruption Commission of Peru
    (Comisión De Alto Nivel Anticorrupción), (Spanish)

 

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