HSE University Anti-Corruption Portal
Comparison of countries
Estonia
Thailand
Indices
Overall Score:
74 out of 100
Rank:
13 out of 180
Rank:
125 out of 141
Overall Score:
0,81 out of 1
Rank:
11 out of 139
Overall Score:
96 out of 150
Rank:
48 out of 136
Overall Score:
8,42 out of 10
Rank:
12 out of 114
Overall Score:
35 out of 100
Rank:
110 out of 180
Rank:
23 out of 141
Overall Score:
0,50 out of 1
Rank:
80 out of 139
Overall Score:
58 out of 100
Overall Score:
76 out of 150
Rank:
85 out of 136
Overall Score:
6,85 out of 10
Rank:
45 out of 114
International Cooperation
UN
GRECO
OECD
UN
APEC
Estonia
  • The UN Convention against Corruption was accessed in 2006.
  • The review under the first cycle of the Implementation Review Mechanism is completed. The executive summary is available here.
  • GRECO’s member since 1999.
  • The Council of Europe’s Criminal Law Convention on Corruption was ratified in 2001.
  • The Council of Europe’s Civil Law Convention on Corruption was ratified in 2000.
  • The fifth evaluation round is completed. The evaluation report is available here.
  • The OECD Convention on Combating Bribery of Foreign Public Officials in International Business Transactions was ratified in 2004.
  • The country is undergoing Phase 3 evaluation of the implementation of the Convention. The report is available here.
Thailand
  • The UN Convention against Corruption was ratified in 2011.
  • The review under the second cycle of the Implementation Review Mechanism is completed. The summary is available here.
  • APEC’s member since 1989.
  • The Agreement for the Establishment of the International Anti-Corruption Academy as an International Organization was ratified in 2011.
Main Legislation
Estonia
  1. Penal Code: § 294, 296, 298, 2981, 3001, 4023, 4024
    (Karistusseadustik: § 294, 296, 298, 2981, 3001, 4023, 4024), (Estonian/English/Russian);

  2. Anti-Corruption Act
    (Korruptsioonivastane seadus), (Estonian/English)

Thailand
  1. Penal Code: Articles 143, 144, 148-150, 152, 167, 201, 202
    (ประมวลกฎหมายอาญา: บทความ 143, 144, 148-150, 152, 167, 201, 202), (Thai/English);

  2. Organic Act on Countering Corruption
    (พระราชบัญญัติประกอบรัฐธรรมนูญว่าด้วยการป้องกันและปราบปรามการทุจริต), (Thai);

  3. Act on Ethical Standards
    (พระราชบัญญัติมาตรฐานทางจริยธรรม), (Thai);

  4. Decree of the National Anti-Corruption Commission «On Prohibitions Related to the Civil Service in the Context of Business Activities»
    (กำหนดตำแหน่งจนท.ของรัฐที่ต้องห้ามมิให้ดำเนินกิจการ ตามความในมาตรา 100 แห่งพรบ.ปปช), (Thai);

  5. Decree of the National Anti-Corruption Commission «On the Rules for the Acquisition of Assets and Other Benefits by Civil Servants in Accordance with the Public Service Code of Ethics»
    (หลักเกณฑ์การรับทรัพย์สินหรือประโยชน์อื่นใดโดยธรรมจรรยาของเจ้าพนักงานของรัฐ), (Thai);

  6. Public Service Code of Ethics
    (ประมวลจริยธรรมขาราชการพลเรือน), (Thai.).

Anti-Corruption Bodies
Estonia
  1. Prosecutor’s Office
    (Prokuratuur), (Estonian/English/Russian);

  2. Ministry of Justice
    (Justiitsministeerium), (Estonian/English/Russian);

  3. Anti-Corruption Portal of Ministry of Justice
    (Justiitsministeerium), (Estonian/English/Russian);

  4. Internal Security Service
    (Kaitsepolitseiamet), (Estonian/English).

Thailand
  1. National Anti-Corruption Commission
    (คณะ กรรมการ ป้องกัน และ ปราบปราม การ ทุจริต แห่ง ชาติ), (Thai), (English);

  2. Office of Public Sector Anti-Corruption Commission
    (สำนักงานคณะกรรมการป้องกันและปราบปรามการทุจริตในภาครัฐ), (Thai), (English).

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