HSE University Anti-Corruption Portal
Comparison of countries
Costa Rica
Malaysia
Indices
Overall Score:
56 out of 100
Rank:
44 out of 180
Rank:
83 out of 133
Overall Score:
0,68 out of 1
Rank:
25 out of 128
Overall Score:
57 out of 100
Overall Score:
8,04 out of 10
Rank:
25 out of 117
Overall Score:
53 out of 100
Rank:
51 out of 180
Overall Score:
0,58 out of 1
Rank:
47 out of 128
Overall Score:
47 out of 100
Overall Score:
6,98 out of 10
Rank:
44 out of 117
International Cooperation
UN
OECD
OAS
UN
APEC
FATF
IACA
Costa Rica
  • The UN Convention against Corruption was ratified in 2007.
  • The review under the first cycle of the Implementation Review Mechanism is completed. The country report is available here.
  • The OECD Convention on Combating Bribery of Foreign Public Officials in International Business Transactions was ratified in 2017.
  • The country is undergoing Phase 2 evaluation of the implementation of the Convention. The report is available here.
  • The Inter-American Convention against Corruption was ratified in 1997.
Malaysia
  • The UN Convention against Corruption was ratified in 2008.
  • The review under the second cycle of the Implementation Review Mechanism is completed. The country report is available here.
  • APEC’s member since 1989.
  • Member of the FATF since 2016.
  • Evaluation Report on compliance with the FATF recommendations is available here.
  • The Agreement for the Establishment of the International Anti-Corruption Academy as an International Organization was ratified in 2011.
Main Legislation
Costa Rica
  1. Criminal Code, Part XIV Crimes against the Administration of Justice, Section I
    (Ley 4573, Código Penal, Titulo XIV Delitos contra la Administración de Justicia, Sección I), (Spanish);

  2. Law No. 8422 “On Countering Corruption and Illicit Enrichment in Civil Service”
    (Ley 8422 contra la corrupción y el enriquecimeinto ilícito en la función pública), (Spanish);

  3. Law No. 9699 “On Liability of Legal Persons for Bribery, Transnational Bribery and other Crimes”
    (Ley 9699 Responsabilidad de las personas jurídicas sobre cohechos domésticos, soborno transnacional y otros delitos), (Spanish).

Malaysia
  1. Act 574. Penal Code, Chapter 9, Chapter 11 (articles 213-215), (English);

  2. Act 694. Malaysian Anti-Corruption Commission Act 2009, (English);

  3. Act 613. Anti-Money-Laundering, Anti-Terrorism Financing and Proceeds of Unlawful Activities Act, (English).

Anti-Corruption Bodies
Costa Rica
  1. General Prosecutor’s Office of Costa Rica
    (Procuraduría General de la República de Costa Rica), (Spanish).

 
Malaysia
  1. Malaysian Anti-Corruption Commission, (English).

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