HSE University Anti-Corruption Portal
Comparison of countries
Colombia
Republic of Korea
Indices
Overall Score:
39 out of 100
Rank:
92 out of 180
Rank:
102 out of 133
Overall Score:
0,50 out of 1
Rank:
77 out of 128
Overall Score:
47 out of 100
Overall Score:
102 out of 150
Rank:
38 out of 129
Overall Score:
6,5 out of 10
Rank:
60 out of 117
Overall Score:
61 out of 100
Rank:
33 out of 180
Rank:
21 out of 133
Overall Score:
0,73 out of 1
Rank:
17 out of 128
Overall Score:
62 out of 100
Overall Score:
97 out of 150
Rank:
46 out of 129
Overall Score:
8,33 out of 10
Rank:
20 out of 117
International Cooperation
UN
OECD
OAS
UN
OECD
G20
APEC
FATF
IACA
Colombia
  • The UN Convention against Corruption was ratified in 2006.
  • The review under the first cycle of the Implementation Review Mechanism is completed. The country report is available here.
  • The OECD Convention on Combating Bribery of Foreign Public Officials in International Business Transactions was ratified in 2013.
  • The country is undergoing Phase 3 evaluation of the implementation of the Convention. The report is available here.
  • The Inter-American Convention against Corruption was ratified in 1998.
Republic of Korea
  • The UN Convention against Corruption was ratified in 2008.
  • The review under the first cycle of the Implementation Review Mechanism is completed. The executive summary is available here.
  • The OECD Convention on Combating Bribery of Foreign Public Officials in International Business Transactions was ratified in 1999.
  • The country is undergoing Phase 4 evaluation of the implementation of the Convention. The report is available here.
  • G20 Presidency in 2010.
  • The documents adopted under the Presidency of the Republic of Korea are available here.
  • APEC’s member since 1989.
  • Member of the FATF since 2009.
  • Evaluation Report on compliance with the FATF recommendations is available here.
  • The Agreement for the Establishment of the International Anti-Corruption Academy as an International Organization was ratified in 2011.
Main Legislation
Colombia
  1. Criminal Code, Section XV «Crimes against Public Administration»; articles 244, 245 and 250A
    (Ley 599 de 2000 Código Penal, Titulo XV Delitos contra la administracion publica, Artículos 244, 245, 250A), (Spanish);

  2. Law No. 190 of June 6, 1995 «On Ethical Rules for Public Administration and Provisions for Eradicating Corruption»
    (Ley 190 de 1995, Por la cual se dictan normas tendientes a preservar la moralidad en la administración pública y se fijan disposiciones con el fin de erradicar la corrupción administrativa.), (Spanish);

  3. Law No. 1474 of July 12, 2011 «On Establishing Rules for Strengthening the Mechanisms for Preventing, Detecting and Punishing for Corruption Offences and Enhancing Control over Public Administration»
    (Ley 1474 de 2011 Por la cual se dictan normas orientadas a fortalecer los mecanismos de prevención, investigación y sanción de actos de corrupción y la efectividad del control de la gestión pública), (Spanish);

  4. Law No. 1778 of February 2, 2016 «On the Liability of Legal Persons for Transnational Corruption and Other Anti-Corruption Provisions»
    (Ley 1778 de 2016, Responsabilidad administrativa de las personas jurídicas por soborno de servidores públicos extranjeros en transacciones comerciales internacionales), (Spanish);

  5. Law No. 2013 of December 30, 2019 «On Ensuring Transparency via Publication of Income and Assets Disclosure Statements of Officials and Registration of Conflicts of Interest»
    (Ley 2013 de 2019, Por medio del cual se busca garantizar el cumplimiento de los principios de transparencia y publicidad mediante la publicación de las declaraciones de bienes, renta y el registro de los conflictos de interés), (Spanish);

  6. Law No. 2014 of December 30, 2019 «On Regulating the Penalties against Persons Condemned for Corruption and Crimes against Public Administration»
    (Ley 2014 de 2019, Por medio de la cual se regulan las sanciones para condenados por corrupción y delitos contra la Administración pública, así como la cesión unilateral administrativa del contrato por actos de corrupción y se dictan otras disposiciones), (Spanish);

  7. Decree No. 1083 of May 26, 2015 «On Public Sector Administration»
    (Decreto 1083 de 2015 Sector de Función Pública), (Spanish);

  8. Circular of the General Prosecutor’s Office No. 017 of 2017 «On Obligations Related to Public Employment»
    (Circular 017 de 2017 Procuraduria General de la Nacion Por Cumplir una Serie de Obligaciones Relacionadas con el Empleo Público), (Spanish).

Republic of Korea
  1. Criminal Act, articles 129-133 and 357
    (형법, 조항 129-133, 357), (Korean/English);

  2. Act on Preventing Bribery of Foreign Public Officials in International Business Transactions
    (국제상거래에 있어서 외국공무원에 대한 뇌물방지법), (Korean/English);

  3. Improper Solicitation and Graft Act
    (부정청탁 및 금품등 수수의 금지에 관한 법률), (Korean/English);

  4. Act on the Protection of Public Interest Whistleblowers
    (공익신고자 보호법), (Korean);

  5. Act on the Prevention of Corruption and the Establishment and Management of Anti-Corruption and Civil Rights Commission
    (부패방지 및 국민권익위원회의 설치와 운영에 관한 법률), (Korean/English);

  6. Act on the Creation and Functioning of the Office for Investigation of Corruption among High-Ranked Officials
    (고위공직자범죄수사처 설치 및 운영에 관한 법률), (Korean);

  7. Public Service Ethics Act
    (공직자윤리법), (Korean);

  8. Code of Conduct for Public Officials
    (공무원 행동강령), (Korean).

Anti-Corruption Bodies
Colombia
  1. National Public Ethics Commission
    (Comisión Nacional de Moralización), (Spanish);

  2. Administrative Department of the Civil Service
    (Departamento Administrativo de la Función Pública), (Spanish)

 
Republic of Korea
  1. Anti-Corruption and Civil Rights Commission
    (대한민국 국민권익위원회), (Korean/English).

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