HSE University Anti-Corruption Portal
Comparison of countries
Brazil
Mexico
Indices
Overall Score:
38 out of 100
Rank:
94 out of 180
Rank:
73 out of 133
Overall Score:
0,52 out of 1
Rank:
67 out of 128
Overall Score:
81 out of 100
Overall Score:
108 out of 150
Rank:
29 out of 129
Overall Score:
6,26 out of 10
Rank:
70 out of 117
Overall Score:
31 out of 100
Rank:
124 out of 180
Rank:
80 out of 133
Overall Score:
0,44 out of 1
Rank:
104 out of 128
Overall Score:
82 out of 100
Overall Score:
136 out of 150
Rank:
2 out of 129
Overall Score:
6,77 out of 10
Rank:
48 out of 117
International Cooperation
UN
OECD
G20
FATF
BRICS
OAS
IACA
UN
OECD
G20
APEC
FATF
OAS
IACA
Brazil
  • The UN Convention against Corruption was ratified in 2005.
  • The review under the first cycle of the Implementation Review Mechanism is completed. The country report is available here.
  • The OECD Convention on Combating Bribery of Foreign Public Officials in International Business Transactions was ratified in 2000.
  • The country is undergoing Phase 3 evaluation of the implementation of the Convention. The report is available here.
  • Member of the FATF since 2000.
  • Evaluation Report on compliance with the FATF recommendations is available here.
  • BRICS Member since 2009.
  • The Inter-American Convention against Corruption was ratified in 2002.
  • The Agreement for the Establishment of the International Anti-Corruption Academy as an International Organization was ratified in 2013.
Mexico
  • The UN Convention against Corruption was ratified in 2004.
  • The review under the second cycle of the Implementation Review Mechanism is completed. The executive summary is available here.
  • The OECD Convention on Combating Bribery of Foreign Public Officials in International Business Transactions was ratified in 1999.
  • The country is undergoing Phase 4 evaluation of the implementation of the Convention. The report is available here.

  • G20 Presidency in 2012.
  • The documents adopted under Mexico’s Presidency are available here.
  • APEC’s member since 1993.
  • Member of the FATF since 2000.
  • Evaluation Report on compliance with the FATF recommendations is available here.
  • The Inter-American Convention against Corruption was ratified in 1997.
Main Legislation
Brazil
  1. Criminal Code, Chapter XI «Crimes against Public Administration»
    (Código Penal, TÍTULO XI - Dos crimes contra a Administração Pública), (Portuguese);

  2. Law of June 2, 1992 No. 8.429 «On Liability of Civil Servants for Illicit Enrichment»
    (Lei nº 8.429, de 2º de Junho de 1992 Dispõe sobre as sanções aplicáveis aos agentes públicos nos casos de enriquecimento ilícito), (Portuguese);

  3. Law of May 16, 2013 No. 12.813 «On the Management of Conflicts of Interest of Incoming and Incumbent Employees of Federal Executive Bodies and Subsequent Restrictions on Job Applications or Employment»
    (Lei nº 12.813, de 16.05.2013 Dispõe sobre o conflito de interesses no exercício de cargo ou emprego do Poder Executivo federal e impedimentos posteriores ao exercício do cargo ou emprego), (Portuguese);

  4. Law of August 1, 2013 No. 12.846 «On Clean Company»
    (Lei №12.846 de 1º de Agosto de 2013 da Empresa Limpa), (Portuguese);

  5. Decree of February 2, 2007 No. 6.029 on the establishment of the system of ethics regulation in federal executive bodies and on other issues related to countering corruption
    (Decreto nº 6.029, de 01.02.2007 Institui Sistema de Gestão da Ética do Poder Executivo Federal, e dá outras providências), (Portuguese);

  6. Decree of March 18, 2015 No. 8.420 on the specifics of the application of the law «On Clean Company» in terms of subjecting legal persons to administrative liability for activities against population, national or foreign administration and other measures
    (Decreto nº 8.420, de 18 de Março de 2015, Regulamenta a Lei no12.846, de 1ode Agosto de 2013, que dispõe sobre a responsabilização administrativa de pessoas jurídicas pela prática de atos contra a administração pública, nacional ou estrangeira e dá outras providências), (Portuguese);

  7. Decree of December 9, 2020 No. 10.571 on the submission and analysis of asset declarations and declarations of situations which may give rise to a conflict of interest submitted by public civil servants in the federal public administration (Decreto Nº 10.571, de 9 de Dezembro de 2020 Dispõe sobre a apresentação e a análise das declarações de bens e de situações que possam gerar conflito de interesses por agentes públicos civis da administração pública federal), (Portuguese);

  8. Code of Conduct for Individuals Occupying Highest Positions in Federal Administration
    (Código de Conduta da Alta Administração Federal), (Portuguese);

  9. Guide to the Assessment of Integrity Programmes for Legal Persons Subject to Administrative Liability
    (Manual Prático para Avaliação de Programas de Integridade em Processo Administrativo de Responsabilização de Pessoas Jurídicas), (Portuguese).

Mexico
  1. Federal Criminal Code, Part X «Corruption Offences»
    (Código Penal Federal, Título Décimo. Delitos por hechos de corrupción), (Spanish);

  2. General Law «On Administrative Liability»
    (Ley General de Responsabilidades Administrativas), (Spanish);

  3. General Law «On National Anticorruption System»
    (Ley General del Sistema Anticorrupción), (Spanish);

  4. Law «On Confiscation of Illegally Acquired Assets»
    (Ley de Extinción de Dominio), (Spanish);

  5. Decree of May 27, 2015 amending, adding and repealing certain provisions of the Constitution of the United Mexican States in the area of combating corruption
    (Decreto por el que se reforman, adicionan y derogan diversas disposiciones de la Constitución Política de los Estados Unidos Mexicanos, en materia de combate a la corrupción), (Spanish);

  6. Agreement aimed at establishing a Code of ethics for public officials, rules of integrity for fulfilling public functions and general guiding principles for promoting integrity of civil servants and their ethical behaviour through the Committees on Ethics and on the Prevention of Conflicts of Interest
    (Acuerdo que tiene por objeto emitir el Código de Ética de los servidores públicos del Gobierno Federal, las Reglas de Integridad para el ejercicio de la función pública, y los Lineamientos generales para propiciar la integridad de los servidores públicos y para implementar acciones permanentes que favorezcan su comportamiento ético, a través de los Comités de Ética y de Prevención de Conflictos de Interés), (Spanish).

Anti-Corruption Bodies
Brazil
  1. Committee on Public Ethics of Brazil
    (Comissão de Ética Pública), (Portuguese);

  2. Comptroller General of the Union
    (Controladoria-Geral da União), (Portuguese).

Mexico
  1. National Anti-Corruption System of Mexico
    (Sistema nacional anticorrupción), (Spanish);

  2. Superior Audit Office of the Federation
    (Auditoría Superior de la Federación), (Spanish);

  3. Unit for Transparency and International Cooperation Policies
    Unidad de Políticas de Transparencia y Cooperación Internacional), (Spanish);

  4. National Institute for Transparency, Access to Information and Protection of Personal Data
    (Instituto Nacional de Transparencia, Acceso a la Información y Protección de Datos Personales), (Spanish).

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