HSE University Anti-Corruption Portal
Comparison of countries
Brazil
Chile
Indices
Overall Score:
38 out of 100
Rank:
94 out of 180
Rank:
73 out of 133
Overall Score:
0,52 out of 1
Rank:
67 out of 128
Overall Score:
81 out of 100
Overall Score:
108 out of 150
Rank:
29 out of 128
Overall Score:
6,26 out of 10
Rank:
70 out of 117
Overall Score:
67 out of 100
Rank:
25 out of 180
Overall Score:
82 out of 133
Overall Score:
94 out of 150
Rank:
50 out of 128
Overall Score:
55 out of 100
Overall Score:
7,61 out of 10
Rank:
34 out of 117
Overall Score:
0.67 out of 1
Rank:
26 out of 128
International Cooperation
UN
OECD
G20
FATF
BRICS
OAS
IACA
UN
OECD
APEC
OAS
IACA
Brazil
  • The UN Convention against Corruption was ratified in 2005.
  • The review under the first cycle of the Implementation Review Mechanism is completed. The country report is available here.
  • The OECD Convention on Combating Bribery of Foreign Public Officials in International Business Transactions was ratified in 2000.
  • The country is undergoing Phase 3 evaluation of the implementation of the Convention. The report is available here.
  • Member of the FATF since 2000.
  • Evaluation Report on compliance with the FATF recommendations is available here.
  • BRICS Member since 2009.
  • The Inter-American Convention against Corruption was ratified in 2002.
  • The Agreement for the Establishment of the International Anti-Corruption Academy as an International Organization was ratified in 2013.
Chile
  • The UN Convention against Corruption was ratified in 2006.
  • The review under the first cycle of the Implementation Review Mechanism is completed. The country report is available here.
  • The OECD Convention on Combating Bribery of Foreign Public Officials in International Business Transactions was ratified in 2001.
  • The country is undergoing Phase 4 evaluation of the implementation of the Convention. The report is available here.
  • APEC’s member since 1994.
  • The Inter-American Convention against Corruption was ratified in 1998.
  • The Agreement for the Establishment of the International Anti-Corruption Academy as an International Organization was ratified in 2013.
Main Legislation
Brazil
  1. Criminal Code, Chapter XI «Crimes against Public Administration»
    (Código Penal, TÍTULO XI - Dos crimes contra a Administração Pública), (Portuguese);

  2. Law of June 2, 1992 No. 8.429 «On Liability of Civil Servants for Illicit Enrichment»
    (Lei nº 8.429, de 2º de Junho de 1992 Dispõe sobre as sanções aplicáveis aos agentes públicos nos casos de enriquecimento ilícito), (Portuguese);

  3. Law of May 16, 2013 No. 12.813 «On the Management of Conflicts of Interest of Incoming and Incumbent Employees of Federal Executive Bodies and Subsequent Restrictions on Job Applications or Employment»
    (Lei nº 12.813, de 16.05.2013 Dispõe sobre o conflito de interesses no exercício de cargo ou emprego do Poder Executivo federal e impedimentos posteriores ao exercício do cargo ou emprego), (Portuguese);

  4. Law of August 1, 2013 No. 12.846 «On Clean Company»
    (Lei №12.846 de 1º de Agosto de 2013 da Empresa Limpa), (Portuguese);

  5. Decree of February 2, 2007 No. 6.029 on the establishment of the system of ethics regulation in federal executive bodies and on other issues related to countering corruption
    (Decreto nº 6.029, de 01.02.2007 Institui Sistema de Gestão da Ética do Poder Executivo Federal, e dá outras providências), (Portuguese);

  6. Decree of March 18, 2015 No. 8.420 on the specifics of the application of the law «On Clean Company» in terms of subjecting legal persons to administrative liability for activities against population, national or foreign administration and other measures
    (Decreto nº 8.420, de 18 de Março de 2015, Regulamenta a Lei no12.846, de 1ode Agosto de 2013, que dispõe sobre a responsabilização administrativa de pessoas jurídicas pela prática de atos contra a administração pública, nacional ou estrangeira e dá outras providências), (Portuguese);

  7. Decree of December 9, 2020 No. 10.571 on the submission and analysis of asset declarations and declarations of situations which may give rise to a conflict of interest submitted by public civil servants in the federal public administration (Decreto Nº 10.571, de 9 de Dezembro de 2020 Dispõe sobre a apresentação e a análise das declarações de bens e de situações que possam gerar conflito de interesses por agentes públicos civis da administração pública federal), (Portuguese);

  8. Code of Conduct for Individuals Occupying Highest Positions in Federal Administration
    (Código de Conduta da Alta Administração Federal), (Portuguese);

  9. Guide to the Assessment of Integrity Programmes for Legal Persons Subject to Administrative Liability
    (Manual Prático para Avaliação de Programas de Integridade em Processo Administrativo de Responsabilização de Pessoas Jurídicas), (Portuguese).

Chile
  1. Criminal Code of the Republic of Chile, Volume 2, Part 5 «On Felony Crimes and Offences, Committed by Civil Servants on Duty»
    (El Código Penal de la República de Chile, Libro Segundo, Título quinto «De los crímenes y simples delitos cometidos por empleados públicos en el desempeño de sus cargos»), (Spanish);

  2. Law of November 17, 2001 No. 19.653 «Revised and Systematized Text of Law No. 18.575 “On General Constitutional Framework of Public Administration”»
    (DFL 1-19653 de 17 noviembre 2001, Fija texto refundido, coordinado y  sistematizado de la ley nº 18.575,  organica constitucional de bases generales de la administracion del  estado), (Spanish);

  3. Law No. 20.205 of July 24, 2007 «Protection of Officials Reporting Irregularities and Violations of the Principle of Integrity»
    (Ley 20.205 de 24 julio 2007, Protege al funcionario que denuncia irregularidades y faltas al principio de probidad), (Spanish);

  4. Law of December 2, 2009 No. 20.393 «On Criminal Liability of Legal Persons for the Crimes Related to Money-Laundering, Terrorist Financing and Bribery»
    (Ley 20.393 de 2 diciembre 2009, Establece la responsabilidad penal de las personas jurídicas en los delitos de lavado de activos, financiamiento del terrorismo y delitos de cohecho que indica), (Spanish);

  5. Law No. 20.880 of January 5, 2016 «On Integrity in Civil Service and the Prevention of Conflicts of Interest»
    (Ley 20.880 de 5 enero 2016, Sobre probidad en la función pública y prevención de los conflictos de intereses)(Spanish);

  6. Code of Ethics of Civil Service
    (Código de ética para la función pública), (Spanish).

Anti-Corruption Bodies
Brazil
  1. Committee on Public Ethics of Brazil
    (Comissão de Ética Pública), (Portuguese);

  2. Comptroller General of the Union
    (Controladoria-Geral da União), (Portuguese);

  3. Transparency Portal, Government of Brazil
    (Portal da Transparência), (Portuguese).

Chile
  1. Special Anti-Corruption Unit, General Prosecutor’s Office of the Republic of Chile
    (Unidad Especializada en Anticorrupción), (Spanish);

  2. General Comptroller of the Republic of Chile
    (Contraloria General De la República De Chile Oficina), (Spanish);

  3. Transparency Council of Chile
    (Consejo para la Transparencia), (Spanish).

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