HSE University Anti-Corruption Portal
Comparison of countries
Belgium
Russia
Indices
Overall Score:
76 out of 100
Rank:
15 out of 180
Rank:
50 out of 133
Overall Score:
0,79 out of 1
Rank:
14 out of 128
Overall Score:
59 out of 150
Rank:
119 out of 134
Overall Score:
8,78 out of 10
Rank:
13 out of 114
Overall Score:
30 out of 100
Rank:
129 out of 180
Rank:
44 out of 133
Overall Score:
0,47 out of 1
Rank:
94 out of 128
Overall Score:
74 out of 100
Overall Score:
98 out of 150
Rank:
44 out of 134
Overall Score:
6,27 out of 10
Rank:
68 out of 114
International Cooperation
UN
GRECO
OECD
FATF
UN
GRECO
OECD
G20
APEC
FATF
BRICS
IACA
Belgium
  • The UN Convention against Corruption was ratified in 2008.
  • The review under the second cycle of the Implementation Review Mechanism is completed. The country report is available here.
  • GRECO’s member since 1999.
  • The Council of Europe’s Criminal Law Convention on Corruption was ratified in 2004.
  • The Council of Europe’s Civil Law Convention on Corruption was ratified in 2007.
  • The fifth evaluation round is completed. The evaluation report is available here.
  • The OECD Convention on Combating Bribery of Foreign Public Officials in International Business Transactions was ratified in 1999.
  • The country is undergoing Phase 3 evaluation of the implementation of the Convention. The report is available here.
  • Member of the FATF since 1990.
  • Evaluation Report on compliance with the FATF recommendations is available here.
Russia
  • The UN Convention against Corruption was ratified in 2006.
  • The review under the first cycle of the Implementation Review Mechanism is completed. The executive summary is available here.
  • GRECO’s member since 2007.
  • The Council of Europe’s Criminal Law Convention on Corruption was ratified in 2006.
  • The Council of Europe’s Civil Law Convention on Corruption is not ratified.
  • The forth evaluation round is completed. The evaluation report is available here.
  • The OECD Convention on Combating Bribery of Foreign Public Officials in International Business Transactions was ratified in 2012.
  • The country is undergoing Phase 3 evaluation of the implementation of the Convention. The Phase 2 reports are available here.
  • G20 Presidency in 2013.
  • The documents adopted under Russia’s Presidency are available here.
  • APEC’s member since 1998.
  • Member of the FATF since 2003.
  • Evaluation Report on compliance with the FATF recommendations is available here.
  • BRICS Member since 2009.
  • Holds BRICS Presidency in 2020.
  • The Agreement for the Establishment of the International Anti-Corruption Academy as an International Organization was ratified in 2011.
Main Legislation
Belgium

1. Criminal Code, articles 246-253, 324, 504bis, 504ter
(Wetboek van Strafrecht: Art. 246-253, 324, 504bis, 504ter), (Dutch);

2. Law of September 15, 2013 «On the Disclosure of Information on Alleged Violation of the Rules of Conduct for Public Officials»
(Wet van 15 septembre 2013, beteffende de melding van een verondestelde integriteitsschending in de federale administratieve overheden door haar personeelsleden), (Dutch);

3. The Code of Ethics for Federal Public Officials
(Deontologisch Kader), (Dutch), (French);

4. Guide to the Management of Conflicts of Interest in Federal Public Administration
(Handleiding bij belangenconflicten in het Belgisch federaal administratief openbaar ambt), (Dutch), (French);

5. Circular of May 5, 2014 «On the Management of Conflicts of Interest in Public Procurement: "Revolving Door"»
(Omzendbrief 5 mei 2014 - Overheidsopdrachten - Belangenvermenging – Draaideurconstructie), (Dutch).

Russia
  1. Criminal Code of the Russian Federation
    (Уголовный кодекс Российской Федерации), (Russian);

  2. Code of Administrative Offences of the Russian Federation, articles 19.28 and 19.29
    (Кодекс Российской Федерации об административных правонарушениях, ст. 19.28, 19.29), (Russian);

  3. Federal Law of July 27, 2004 No. 79-FZ «On Civil Service»
    (Федеральный закон от 27.07.2004 № 79-ФЗ «О государственной гражданской службе Российской Федерации»), (Russian);

  4. Federal Law of December 25, 2008 No. 273-FZ «On Combating Corruption»
    (Федеральный закон от 25.12.2008 № 273-ФЗ «О противодействии коррупции»), (Russian), (English).

Anti-Corruption Bodies
Belgium
  1. Central Bureau for Countering Corruption, Federal Police of Belgium
    (Office Central pour la Répression de la Corruption), (Dutch), (French), (German);
  2. Federal Prosecutor's Office
    (Federaal parket), (нид.), (фр.).
Russia
  1. Presidential Council for Countering Corruption
    (Совет при Президенте Российской Федерации по противодействию коррупции)​, (Russian);

  2. Presidential Anti-Corruption Directorate
    (Управление Президента Российской Федерации по вопросам противодействия коррупции), (Russian);

  3. General Prosecutor’s Office of the Russian Federation
    (Генеральная прокуратура Российской Федерации), (Russian);

  4. Investigative Committee of the Russian Federation
    (Следственный комитет Российской Федерации), (Russian);

  5. Ministry of Justice of the Russian Federation
    (Министерство юстиции Российской Федерации), (Russian);

  6. Federal Security Service of the Russian Federation
    (Федеральная служба безопасности Российской Федерации), (Russian);

  7. Ministry of Labour and Social Protection of the Russian Federation
    (Министерство труда и социальной защиты Российской Федерации), (Russian);

  8. Ministry of Internal Affairs of the Russian Federation
    (Министерство внутренних дел Российской Федерации), (Russian);

  9. Accounts Chamber of the Russian Federation
    (Счетная палата Российской Федерации), (Russian);

  10. Committee of the State Duma on Security and Corruption Control
    (Комитет Государственной Думы по безопасности и противодействию коррупции), (Russian).

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