HSE University Anti-Corruption Portal
Comparison of countries
Belgium
Indonesia
Indices
Overall Score:
76 out of 100
Rank:
15 out of 180
Rank:
50 out of 133
Overall Score:
0,79 out of 1
Rank:
14 out of 128
Overall Score:
59 out of 150
Rank:
115 out of 128
Overall Score:
8,78 out of 10
Rank:
13 out of 117
Overall Score:
37 out of 100
Rank:
102 out of 180
Rank:
79 out of 133
Overall Score:
0,53 out of 1
Rank:
59 out of 128
Overall Score:
70 out of 100
Overall Score:
101 out of 150
Rank:
39 out of 128
Overall Score:
6,29 out of 10
Rank:
68 out of 117
International Cooperation
UN
GRECO
OECD
FATF
UN
G20
APEC
IACA
Belgium
  • The UN Convention against Corruption was ratified in 2008.
  • The review under the second cycle of the Implementation Review Mechanism is completed. The executive summary is available here.
  • GRECO’s member since 1999.
  • The Council of Europe’s Criminal Law Convention on Corruption was ratified in 2004.
  • The Council of Europe’s Civil Law Convention on Corruption was ratified in 2007.
  • The fifth evaluation round is completed. The evaluation report is available here.
  • The OECD Convention on Combating Bribery of Foreign Public Officials in International Business Transactions was ratified in 1999.
  • The country is undergoing Phase 3 evaluation of the implementation of the Convention. The report is available here.
  • Member of the FATF since 1990.
  • Evaluation Report on compliance with the FATF recommendations is available here.
Indonesia
  • The UN Convention against Corruption was ratified in 2006.
  • The review under the second cycle of the Implementation Review Mechanism is completed. The executive summary is available here.
  • G20 Presidency is scheduled for 2023.
  • APEC’s member since 1989.
  • The Agreement for the Establishment of the International Anti-Corruption Academy as an International Organization was ratified in 2013.
Main Legislation
Belgium

1. Criminal Code, articles 246-253, 324, 504 and article 5
(Wetboek van Strafrecht: Art. 246-253, 324, 504, 5), (Dutch);

2. Law of September 15, 2013 «On the Disclosure of Information on Alleged Violation of the Rules of Conduct for Public Officials»
(Wet van 15 septembre 2013, beteffende de melding van een verondestelde integriteitsschending in de federale administratieve overheden door haar personeelsleden), (Dutch);

3. The Code of Ethics for Federal Public Officials
(Deontologisch Kader), (Dutch), (French);

4. Guide to the Management of Conflicts of Interest in Federal Public Administration
(Handleiding bij belangenconflicten in het Belgisch federaal administratief openbaar ambt), (Dutch), (French);

5. Circular of May 5, 2014 «On the Management of Conflicts of Interest in Public Procurement: "Revolving Door"»
(Omzendbrief 5 mei 2014 - Overheidsopdrachten - Belangenvermenging – Draaideurconstructie), (Dutch).

Indonesia
  1. Criminal Code, Chapter 8, Part D «Crimes against Public Authority»
    (Kitab Undang Undang Hukum Acara Pidana, Bab VIII: Bagian Keenam Acara Pemeriksaan Cepat, Pasal 209-210)(Indonesian.);
  2. Law of 1980 No. 11 «On Criminal Act of Bribery»
    (Undang-undang Nomor 11 Tahun 1980 Tindak Pidana Suap Hak Keuangan/Administratif Pimpinan dan Anggota Lembaga Tertinggi/Tinggi Negara dan Bekas Anggota Lembaga Tinggi Negara serta Bekas Pimpinan Lembaga Tertinggi/Tinggi Negara dan Bekas Anggota Lembaga Tinggi Negara), (Indonesian.);
  3. Law of 1999 No. 28 «On the State Organizer Who is Clean and Free from Corruption, Collusion and Nepotism»
    (Undang-undang Nomor 28 Tahun 1999 Tentang Penyelenggaraan Negara Yang Bersih Dan Bebas Dari Korupsi, Kolusi, Dan Nepotisme)(Indonesian.)(eng.);
  4. Law of 1999 No. 31 «On the Eradication of the Criminal Act of Corruption»
    (Undang-undang Nomor 31 Tahun 1999 tentang Pemberantasan Tindak Pidana Korupsi)(Indonesian.)(eng.);
  5. Law of 2001 No. 20 «On Amendment to Law No. 31/1999 “On Corruption Eradication”»
    (Undang-undang Nomor 20 Tahun 2001 Tentang Perubahan atas Undang-undang No.31 Tahun 1999 tentang Pemberantasan Tindak Pidana Korupsi)(Indonesian.);
  6. Law of 2002 No. 30 «On the Commission for the Eradication of Criminal Acts of Corruption»
    (Undang-Undang Nomor 30 Tahun 2002 Tentang Komisi Pemberantasan Tindak Pidana Korupsi)(Indonesian.)(eng.);
  7. Law of 2008 No. 14 «The Public Interest Disclosure Act»
    (Undang-undang Nomor 14 Tahun 2008 Tentang Keterbukaan Informasi Publik)(Indonesian.);
  8. Law of 2009 No. 46 «On the Corruption Tribunal»
    (Undang-Undang Nomor 46 Tahun 2009 Tentang Pengadilan Tindak Pidana Korupsi), (Indonesian.);
  9. Law No. 30 of 2014 «On Public Administration»
    (Undang-Undang Nomor 46 Tahun 2009 Tentang Administrasi Pemerintahan), (Indonesian).

Anti-Corruption Bodies
Belgium
  1. Central Bureau for Countering Corruption, Federal Police of Belgium
    (Office Central pour la Répression de la Corruption), (Dutch), (French), (German).
Indonesia
  1. Commission for the Eradication of Corruption of Indonesia
    (Komisi pemberantasan korupsi), (Indonesian);

  2. Prosecutor's Office of the Republic of Indonesia
    (Kejaksaan Republik Indonesia)(Indonesian.)

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