HSE University Anti-Corruption Portal
Comparison of countries
Belgium
Chile
Indices
Overall Score:
76 out of 100
Rank:
15 out of 180
Rank:
50 out of 133
Overall Score:
0,79 out of 1
Rank:
14 out of 128
Overall Score:
59 out of 150
Rank:
115 out of 128
Overall Score:
8,78 out of 10
Rank:
13 out of 117
Overall Score:
67 out of 100
Rank:
25 out of 180
Overall Score:
82 out of 133
Overall Score:
94 out of 150
Rank:
50 out of 128
Overall Score:
55 out of 100
Overall Score:
7,61 out of 10
Rank:
34 out of 117
Overall Score:
0.67 out of 1
Rank:
26 out of 128
International Cooperation
UN
GRECO
OECD
FATF
UN
OECD
APEC
OAS
IACA
Belgium
  • The UN Convention against Corruption was ratified in 2008.
  • The review under the second cycle of the Implementation Review Mechanism is completed. The executive summary is available here.
  • GRECO’s member since 1999.
  • The Council of Europe’s Criminal Law Convention on Corruption was ratified in 2004.
  • The Council of Europe’s Civil Law Convention on Corruption was ratified in 2007.
  • The fifth evaluation round is completed. The evaluation report is available here.
  • The OECD Convention on Combating Bribery of Foreign Public Officials in International Business Transactions was ratified in 1999.
  • The country is undergoing Phase 3 evaluation of the implementation of the Convention. The report is available here.
  • Member of the FATF since 1990.
  • Evaluation Report on compliance with the FATF recommendations is available here.
Chile
  • The UN Convention against Corruption was ratified in 2006.
  • The review under the first cycle of the Implementation Review Mechanism is completed. The country report is available here.
  • The OECD Convention on Combating Bribery of Foreign Public Officials in International Business Transactions was ratified in 2001.
  • The country is undergoing Phase 4 evaluation of the implementation of the Convention. The report is available here.
  • APEC’s member since 1994.
  • The Inter-American Convention against Corruption was ratified in 1998.
  • The Agreement for the Establishment of the International Anti-Corruption Academy as an International Organization was ratified in 2013.
Main Legislation
Belgium

1. Criminal Code, articles 246-253, 324, 504 and article 5
(Wetboek van Strafrecht: Art. 246-253, 324, 504, 5), (Dutch);

2. Law of September 15, 2013 «On the Disclosure of Information on Alleged Violation of the Rules of Conduct for Public Officials»
(Wet van 15 septembre 2013, beteffende de melding van een verondestelde integriteitsschending in de federale administratieve overheden door haar personeelsleden), (Dutch);

3. The Code of Ethics for Federal Public Officials
(Deontologisch Kader), (Dutch), (French);

4. Guide to the Management of Conflicts of Interest in Federal Public Administration
(Handleiding bij belangenconflicten in het Belgisch federaal administratief openbaar ambt), (Dutch), (French);

5. Circular of May 5, 2014 «On the Management of Conflicts of Interest in Public Procurement: "Revolving Door"»
(Omzendbrief 5 mei 2014 - Overheidsopdrachten - Belangenvermenging – Draaideurconstructie), (Dutch).

Chile
  1. Criminal Code of the Republic of Chile, Volume 2, Part 5 «On Felony Crimes and Offences, Committed by Civil Servants on Duty»
    (El Código Penal de la República de Chile, Libro Segundo, Título quinto «De los crímenes y simples delitos cometidos por empleados públicos en el desempeño de sus cargos»), (Spanish);

  2. Law of November 17, 2001 No. 19.653 «Revised and Systematized Text of Law No. 18.575 “On General Constitutional Framework of Public Administration”»
    (DFL 1-19653 de 17 noviembre 2001, Fija texto refundido, coordinado y  sistematizado de la ley nº 18.575,  organica constitucional de bases generales de la administracion del  estado), (Spanish);

  3. Law No. 20.205 of July 24, 2007 «Protection of Officials Reporting Irregularities and Violations of the Principle of Integrity»
    (Ley 20.205 de 24 julio 2007, Protege al funcionario que denuncia irregularidades y faltas al principio de probidad), (Spanish);

  4. Law of December 2, 2009 No. 20.393 «On Criminal Liability of Legal Persons for the Crimes Related to Money-Laundering, Terrorist Financing and Bribery»
    (Ley 20.393 de 2 diciembre 2009, Establece la responsabilidad penal de las personas jurídicas en los delitos de lavado de activos, financiamiento del terrorismo y delitos de cohecho que indica), (Spanish);

  5. Law No. 20.880 of January 5, 2016 «On Integrity in Civil Service and the Prevention of Conflicts of Interest»
    (Ley 20.880 de 5 enero 2016, Sobre probidad en la función pública y prevención de los conflictos de intereses)(Spanish);

  6. Code of Ethics of Civil Service
    (Código de ética para la función pública), (Spanish).

Anti-Corruption Bodies
Belgium
  1. Central Bureau for Countering Corruption, Federal Police of Belgium
    (Office Central pour la Répression de la Corruption), (Dutch), (French), (German).
Chile
  1. Special Anti-Corruption Unit, General Prosecutor’s Office of the Republic of Chile
    (Unidad Especializada en Anticorrupción), (Spanish);

  2. General Comptroller of the Republic of Chile
    (Contraloria General De la República De Chile Oficina), (Spanish);

  3. Transparency Council of Chile
    (Consejo para la Transparencia), (Spanish).

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