HSE University Anti-Corruption Portal
Comparison of countries
Belarus
Japan
Indices
Overall Score:
47 out of 100
Rank:
63 out of 180
Overall Score:
0,51 out of 1
Rank:
68 out of 128
Overall Score:
74 out of 100
Rank:
19 out of 180
Rank:
7 out of 133
Overall Score:
0,78 out of 1
Rank:
15 out of 128
Overall Score:
62 out of 100
Overall Score:
76 out of 150
Rank:
82 out of 128
Overall Score:
8,34 out of 10
Rank:
19 out of 117
International Cooperation
UN
GRECO
UN
OECD
G20
APEC
FATF
Belarus
  • The UN Convention against Corruption was ratified in 2005.
  • The review under the first cycle of the Implementation Review Mechanism is completed. The executive summary is available here.
  • GRECO’s member since 2011.
  • The Council of Europe’s Criminal Law Convention on Corruption was ratified in 2007.
  • The Council of Europe’s Civil Law Convention on Corruption was ratified in 2006.
  • The fourth evaluation round is completed. The status of the evaluation report is confidential. The summary is available here.
Japan
  • The UN Convention against Corruption was accepted in 2017.
  • The OECD Convention on Combating Bribery of Foreign Public Officials in International Business Transactions was ratified in 1998.
  • The country is undergoing Phase 4 evaluation of the implementation of the Convention. The report is available here.
  • G20 Presidency in 2019.
  • The documents adopted under Japan’s Presidency are available here.
  • APEC’s member since 1989.
  • Member of the FATF since 1990.
  • Evaluation Report on compliance with the FATF recommendations is available here.
Main Legislation
Belarus
  1. Criminal Code of the Republic of Belarus, Chapter 34 Article 396, Chapter 35 Articles 424-433,
    (Уголовный Кодекс Республики Беларусь (Глава 34 Статья 396, Глава 35 Статьи 424-433)​)
    (Russian);  
  2. Law of the Republic of Belarus of July 15, 2015 No. 305-3 «On Combating Corruption»,
    (Закон Республики Беларусь «О борьбе с коррупцией» от 15 июля 2015 года № 305-3), (Russian);  
  3. Decree of the Council of Ministers of the Republic of Belarus of September 12, 2019 No. 619 «On Award and Other Compensations to Natural Persons Facilitating the Detection of Corruption»,
    (Постановление Совета Министров Республики Беларусь от 5 февраля 2016 года № 101 «О выплате вознаграждения и других выплат физическому лицу, способствующему выявлению коррупции»), (Russian)
Japan
  1. Penal Code, Chapter 25 «Crimes of Corruption» 
    (刑法 明治四十年法律第四十五号 - 第二十五章 汚職の罪 第百九十三条―第百九十八条), (Japanese/English);

  2. National Public Service Act No. 120 of October 21, 1947, along with Code of Ethics
    (国家公務員法 - 昭和二十二年法律第百二十号), (Japanese/English);

  3. National Public Service Ethics Act No. 129 of August 13, 1999
    (国家公務員倫理法 - 平成十一年法律第百二十九号), (Japanese/English);

  4. Whistleblower Protection Act No. 122 of 2004
    (公益通報者保護法 - 平成十六年法律第百二十二号), (Japanese/English);

  5. National Public Service Ethics Code, Cabinet Order No. 101 of March 28, 2000
    (国家公務員倫理規程), (Japanese/English)

Anti-Corruption Bodies
Belarus
  1. General Prosecutor’s Office of the Republic of Belarus, (Russian), (English).
Japan
  1. Supreme Public Prosecutor’s Office of Japan
    (最高検察庁), (Japanese).

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