HSE University Anti-Corruption Portal
Comparison of countries
Australia
Portugal
Indices
Overall Score:
73 out of 100
Rank:
18 out of 180
Rank:
37 out of 141
Overall Score:
0,79 out of 1
Rank:
13 out of 139
Overall Score:
79 out of 100
Overall Score:
84 out of 150
Rank:
68 out of 136
Overall Score:
8,76 out of 10
Rank:
8 out of 114
Overall Score:
62 out of 100
Rank:
32 out of 180
Rank:
57 out of 141
Overall Score:
0,70 out of 1
Rank:
26 out of 139
Overall Score:
60 out of 100
Overall Score:
73 out of 150
Rank:
92 out of 136
Overall Score:
8,23 out of 10
Rank:
14 out of 114
International Cooperation
UN
OECD
G20
APEC
FATF
UN
GRECO
OECD
FATF
Australia
  • The UN Convention against Corruption was ratified in 2005.
  • The review under the second cycle of the Implementation Review Mechanism is completed. The executive summary is available here.
  • The OECD Convention on Combating Bribery of Foreign Public Officials in International Business Transactions was ratified in 1999.
  • The country is undergoing Phase 4 evaluation of the implementation of the Convention. The report is available here.
  • G20 Presidency in 2014.
  • The documents adopted under Australia’s Presidency are available here.
  • APEC’s member since 1989.
  • Member of the FATF since 1999.
  • Evaluation Report on compliance with the FATF recommendations is available here.
Portugal
  • The UN Convention against Corruption was ratified in 2007.
  • The review under the second cycle of the Implementation Review Mechanism is completed. The country report is available here.
  • GRECO’s member since 2002.
  • The Council of Europe’s Criminal Law Convention on Corruption was ratified in 2002.
  • The Council of Europe’s Civil Law Convention on Corruption is not ratified.
  • The fourth evaluation round is completed. The evaluation report is available here.
  • The OECD Convention on Combating Bribery of Foreign Public Officials in International Business Transactions was ratified in 2000.
  • The country is undergoing Phase 3 evaluation of the implementation of the Convention. The report is available here.
  • Member of the FATF since 1991.
  • Evaluation Report on compliance with the FATF recommendations is available here.
Main Legislation
Australia
  1. Criminal Code Act 1995: Articles 70.1-70.6, 141.1-142.3, Chapter 2, Part 2.5 – Corporate criminal responsibility, (English);
  2. Public Service Act 1999: Part 3, Items 13, 14 and 15; Part 5, Division 1, Items 41A and 41B; Part 6, Division 1, Item 50А, (English);
  3. Public Interest Disclosure Act 2013 (English);
  4. APS Values and Code of Conduct (English).
Portugal
  1. Criminal Code: Articles 335, 363, 372-374-B, 376-377-A, 379, 382
    (Codigo Penal 2003: Artigos 335, 363, 372-374-B, 376-377-A, 379, 382), (Portuguese);

  2. Law of July 16, 1987 «Misconduct of Persons Occupying Most Senior Government Positions»
    (Lei n.º 34/87, de 16 de Julho Crimes da Responsabilidade de Titulares de Cargos Políticos), (Portuguese);

  3. Law of April 21, 2008 No. 19 «On Measures against Corruption»
    (Lei n.º 19/2008, de 21 de Abril Medidas de Combate à Corrupção), (Portuguese);

  4. Law of April 21, 2008 No. 20 «On Criminal Liability for Corruption Crimes in International Trade and in the Private Sector»
    (Lei n.º 20/2008, de 21 de Abril Novo regime penal de corrupção no comércio internacional e no sector privado), (Portuguese);

  5. Law No. 52 of July 31, 2019 «On the Adoption of the Rules Regulating the Exercise of Functions by the Individuals Holding Political Positions and High Public Positions»
    (Lei n.º 52/2019, de 31 de Julho Aprova o regime do exercício de funções por titulares de cargos políticos e altos cargos públicos), (Portuguese);

  6. Decree Law No. 109-E/2021 of December 9, 2021 «On the Establishment of a National Anti-Corruption Committee and the Establishment of a General Regime for the Prevention of Corruption»
    (Decreto-Lei n.º 109-E/2021, de 9 de Dezembro Mecanismo Nacional Anticorrupção e estabelece o regime geral de prevenção da corrupção), (Portuguese);

  7. Law No. 93/2021 of December 20, 2021 «On the Establishment of a General Protection Regime for Whistleblowers»
    (Lei n.º 93/2021, de 20 de Dezembro Estabelece o regime geral de proteção de denunciantes de infrações), (Portuguese).

Anti-Corruption Bodies
Australia
  1. Australian Federal Police, (English);
  2. Anti-Corruption Section, Attorney-General’s Department, (English)
 
Portugal
  1. Council for the Prevention of Corruption
    (Conselho de Prevenção da Corrupção), (Portuguese);

  2. National Anti-Corruption Judicial Police Unit
    (Unidade Nacional de Combate à Corrupção da Polícia Judiciária), (Portuguese).

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