HSE University Anti-Corruption Portal
Comparison of countries
Albania
Mexico
Indices
Overall Score:
35 out of 100
Rank:
106 out of 180
Overall Score:
55 out of 100
Overall Score:
0,5 out of 1
Rank:
78 out of 128
Overall Score:
127 out of 150
Rank:
6 out of 128
Overall Score:
6,48 out of 10
Rank:
61 out of 117
Overall Score:
29 out of 100
Rank:
130 out of 180
Rank:
80 out of 133
Overall Score:
0,44 out of 1
Rank:
104 out of 128
Overall Score:
82 out of 100
Overall Score:
136 out of 150
Rank:
2 out of 128
Overall Score:
6,77 out of 10
Rank:
48 out of 117
International Cooperation
UN
GRECO
IACA
UN
OECD
G20
APEC
FATF
OAS
IACA
Albania
  • The UN Convention against Corruption was ratified in 2006.
  • The review under the first cycle of the Implementation Review Mechanism is completed. The country report is available here.
  • GRECO’s member since 2001.
  • The Council of Europe’s Criminal Law Convention on Corruption was ratified in 2001.
  • The Council of Europe’s Civil Law Convention on Corruption was ratified in 2000.
  • The fourth evaluation round is completed. The evaluation report is available here.
  • The Agreement for the Establishment of the International Anti-Corruption Academy as an International Organization was ratified in 2011.
Mexico
  • The UN Convention against Corruption was ratified in 2004.
  • The review under the second cycle of the Implementation Review Mechanism is completed. The executive summary is available here.
  • The OECD Convention on Combating Bribery of Foreign Public Officials in International Business Transactions was ratified in 1999.
  • The country is undergoing Phase 4 evaluation of the implementation of the Convention. The report is available here.

  • G20 Presidency in 2012.
  • The documents adopted under Mexico’s Presidency are available here.
  • APEC’s member since 1993.
  • Member of the FATF since 2000.
  • Evaluation Report on compliance with the FATF recommendations is available here.
  • The Inter-American Convention against Corruption was ratified in 1997.
Main Legislation
Albania
  1. Criminal Code, articles 164-164/b, 244, 244/a, 245, 245/1, 248, 257, 257/а, 258, 287, 287/b, 259, 259/a, 312, 319-319/e and 328
    (Kodi penal, Nenet 164-164/b, 244, 244/a, 245, 245/1, 248, 257, 257/а, 258, 287, 287/b, 259, 259/a, 312, 319-319/e, 328), (Albanian), (English);
  2. Law No. 9049 of April 10, 2003 “On the Declaration of and Control over the Assets and Financial Obligations of Elected Persons and Other Public Officials”
    (Ligj Nr.9049, datë 10.4.2003 Për deklarimin dhe kontrollin e pasurive, të detyrimeve financiare të të zgjedhurve dhe të disa nëpunësve publikë), (Albanian);
  3. Law No. 9131 of September 8, 2003 “On the Rules of Ethics in Public Administration”
    (Ligj Nr.9131, datë 8.9.2003 Per rregullat e etikes ne administraten publike), (Albanian), (English);
  4. Law No. 9367 of April 7, 2005 “On the Prevention of Conflicts of Interest in the Exercise of Public Functions”
    (Ligj Nr. 9367, datë 7.04.2005, Për parandalimin e konfliktit të interesave në ushtrimin e funksioneve publike),(Albanian), (English);
  5. Law No. 152/2013 of October 1, 2013 “On Civil Service”
    (Ligj Nr.152/2013, datë 1.10.2013 Për nëpunësin civil), (Albanian);
  6. Law No. 44/2015 of 30 April 2015 “Code of Administrative Procedures of the Republic of Albania”
    (Ligj Nr. 44/2015, datë 30.4.2015 Kodi i procedurave administrative i Republikës së Shqipërisë), (Albanian);
  7. Law No. 138/2015 of December 17, 2015 “On Ensuring the Immunity of Elected or Appointed Individuals or Individuals Holding Public Positions”
    (Ligj Nr. 138/2015, datë 17.12.2015 Për garantimin e integritetit të personave që zgjidhen, emërohen ose ushtrojnë funksione publike), (Albanian);
  8. Law No. 95/2016 of October 6, 2016 “On the Organization and Functioning of Authorities for Combating Corruption and Organized Crime”
    (Ligj Nr. 95/2016 Për organizimin dhe funksionimin e institucioneve për të luftuar korrupsionin dhe krimin e organizuar), (Albanian).
Mexico
  1. Federal Criminal Code, Part X “Corruption Offences”
    (Código Penal Federal, Título Décimo. Delitos por hechos de corrupción), (Spanish);

  2. General Law “On Administrative Liability”
    (Ley General de Responsabilidades Administrativas), (Spanish);

  3. General Law of the National Anticorruption System
    (Ley General del Sistema Anticorrupción), (Spanish);

  4. Law “On Confiscation of Illegally Acquired Assets“
    (Ley de Extinción de Dominio), (Spanish);

  5. Decree of May 27, 2015 amending, adding and repealing certain provisions of the Constitution of the United Mexican States in the area of combating corruption
    (Decreto por el que se reforman, adicionan y derogan diversas disposiciones de la Constitución Política de los Estados Unidos Mexicanos, en materia de combate a la corrupción), (Spanish);

  6. Agreement aimed at establishing a Code of ethics for public officials, rules of integrity for fulfilling public functions and general guiding principles for promoting integrity of civil servants and their ethical behaviour through the Committees on Ethics and on the Prevention of Conflicts of Interest
    (Acuerdo que tiene por objeto emitir el Código de Ética de los servidores públicos del Gobierno Federal, las Reglas de Integridad para el ejercicio de la función pública, y los Lineamientos generales para propiciar la integridad de los servidores públicos y para implementar acciones permanentes que favorezcan su comportamiento ético, a través de los Comités de Ética y de Prevención de Conflictos de Interés), (Spanish).

Anti-Corruption Bodies
Albania
  1. Ministry of Justice of the Republic of Albania
    (Ministria e Drejtësisë), (Albanian);
  2. General Prosecutor’s Office of the Republic of Albania
    (Prokuroria e Përgjithshme), (Albanian).
 
Mexico
  1. National Anti-Corruption System of Mexico
    (Sistema nacional anticorrupción), (Spanish);

  2. Superior Audit of the Federation
    (Auditoría Superior de la Federación), (Spanish);

  3. Committee for Citizen Participation
    (Comité de Participación Ciudadana), (Spanish);

  4. Unit for Transparency and International Cooperation Policies
    (Unidad de Políticas de Transparencia y Cooperación Internacional), (Spanish);

  5. National Institute for Transparency, Access to Information and Protection of Personal Data
    (Instituto Nacional de Transparencia, Acceso a la Información y Protección de Datos Personales), (Spanish).

We use cookies in order to improve the quality and usability of the HSE website. More information about the use of cookies is available here, and the regulations on processing personal data can be found here. By continuing to use the site, you hereby confirm that you have been informed of the use of cookies by the HSE website and agree with our rules for processing personal data. You may disable cookies in your browser settings.