HSE University Anti-Corruption Portal
Comparison of countries
United Arab Emirates
Costa Rica
Indices
Overall Score:
68 out of 100
Rank:
26 out of 180
Rank:
8 out of 141
Overall Score:
0,64 out of 1
Rank:
37 out of 142
Overall Score:
55 out of 100
Rank:
45 out of 180
Overall Score:
6,76 out of 10
Rank:
105 out of 141
Overall Score:
63 out of 100
Overall Score:
0,68 out of 1
Rank:
29 out of 142
Overall Score:
71 out of 150
Rank:
100 out of 140
Overall Score:
7,51 out of 10
Rank:
30 out of 119
International Cooperation
UN
BRICS
UN
OECD
OAS
United Arab Emirates
  • The UN Convention against Corruption was ratified in 2006.
  • The review under the first cycle of the Implementation Review Mechanism is completed. The executive summary is available here.
  • BRICS Member since 2024.
Costa Rica
  • The UN Convention against Corruption was ratified in 2007.
  • The review under the first cycle of the Implementation Review Mechanism is completed. The country report is available here.
  • The OECD Convention on Combating Bribery of Foreign Public Officials in International Business Transactions was ratified in 2017.
  • The country is undergoing Phase 2 evaluation of the implementation of the Convention. The report is available here.
  • The Inter-American Convention against Corruption was ratified in 1997.
Main Legislation
United Arab Emirates
  1. Federal Decree Law No. (31) of 2021 concerning Crimes and Penal Code: Article 66 – Liability of Juristic Persons, Articles 275-287, (Arabic);

  2. Federal Decree Law No. (49) of 2022 on Human Resources Law in the Federal Government, (English);

  3. Cabinet Resolution No. (48) of 2023 concerning Executive Regulations of Human Resources Law in the Federal Government), (English).

Costa Rica
  1. Criminal Code: Articles 324, 338, 347-355
    (Ley 4573, Código Penal: Artículos 324, 338, 347-355), (Spanish);

  2. Law No. 8422 «On Countering Corruption and Illicit Enrichment in Civil Service»
    (Ley 8422 contra la corrupción y el enriquecimeinto ilícito en la función pública), (Spanish);

  3. Law No. 9699 «On Liability of Legal Persons for Bribery, Transnational Bribery and other Crimes»
    (Ley 9699 Responsabilidad de las personas jurídicas sobre cohechos domésticos, soborno transnacional y otros delitos), (Spanish);

  4. Law No. 10437 «On Protecting of Whistleblowers and Witnesses of Corruption against Retaliation in the Workplace»
    (Ley 10437 de protección de las personas denunciantes y testigos de actos de corrupción contra represalias laborales), (Spanish).

Anti-Corruption Bodies
United Arab Emirates

1. Abu Dhabi Accountability Authority, (English);

2. Economic Security Center of Dubai, (English).

Costa Rica
  1. General Prosecutor’s Office of Costa Rica
    (Procuraduría General de la República de Costa Rica), (Spanish).

 

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