HSE University Anti-Corruption Portal
Comparison of countries
Overall Score:
36 out of 100
101 out of 180
59 out of 141
Overall Score:
55 out of 100
Overall Score:
0,41 out of 1
117 out of 142
Overall Score:
74 out of 150
90 out of 135
Overall Score:
6,7 out of 10
48 out of 114
25 out of 100
147 out of 180
0,39 out of 1
126 out of 142
71 out of 150
99 out of 135
International Cooperation
  • The UN Convention against Corruption was ratified in 2006.
  • The review under the first cycle of the Implementation Review Mechanism is completed. The executive summary is available here.
  • GRECO’s member since 2004.
  • The Council of Europe’s Criminal Law Convention on Corruption was ratified in 2004.
  • The Council of Europe’s Civil Law Convention on Corruption was not ratified in 2003.
  • The forth evaluation round is completed. The evaluation report is available here.
  • The OECD Convention on Combating Bribery of Foreign Public Officials in International Business Transactions was ratified in 2000.
  • The country is undergoing Phase 3 evaluation of the implementation of the Convention. The report is available here.
  • G20 Presidency in 2015.
  • The documents adopted under Turkey’s Presidency are available here.
  • Member of the FATF since 1991.
  • Evaluation Report on compliance with the FATF recommendations is available here.
  • The Agreement for the Establishment of the International Anti-Corruption Academy as an International Organization was ratified in 2012.
  • The UN Convention against Corruption was ratified in 2009.
  • The review under the first cycle of the Implementation Review Mechanism is completed. The executive summary is available here.
Main Legislation
  1. Criminal Code: Articles 235, 236, 252-255, 282
    (Türk Ceza Kanunu: Madde 235, 236, 252-255, 282), (Turkish);

  2. Law on Civil Service of July 14, 1965 No. № 657
    (14/7/1965 tarihli ve 657 sayılı Devlet Memurları Kanunu), (Turkish);

  3. Act of June 10, 1981 No. 17480 «On the Prohibition of Employment after Dismissal from the Public Sector»
    (10/06/1981 tarihli ve 17480 sayılı Kamu Görevlerinden Ayrılanların Yapamayacakları İşler Hakkında Kanun)(Turkish);

  4. Act of April 19, 1990 No. 3628 «On Declaration of Property and Fight against Bribery and Corruption»
    (19/04/1990 tarihli ve 3628 sayılı Mal Bildiriminde Bulunulması, Rüşvet ve Yolsuzluklarla Mücadele Kanunu), (Turkish);

  5. Law of May 25, 2004 No. 5176 «On the Establishment of Council of Ethics for Public Service and on Amendments to Specific Laws»
    (25/05/2004 tarihli ve 5176 sayılı Kamu Görevlileri Etik Kurulu Kurulmasi Ve Bazi Kanunlarda Değişiklik Yapilmasi Hakkinda Kanun), (Turkish);

  6. Regulation No. 90/748 on Declaration of Assets
    (Yönetmelik № 90/748 Mal Bildiriminde Bulunulmasi Hakkinda), (Turkish);

  7. Regulation on Ethical Principles of Conduct for Public Officials and Principles and Procedures of Their Application
    (Yönetmelik Kamu Görevlileri Etik Davraniş İlkeleri İle Başvuru Usul Ve Esaslari Hakkinda), (Turkish).

  1. Penal Code: Articles 20, 143 – Corporate criminal responsibility
    (قانون مجازات اسلامی: المادتان 20 ، 143 - مسئولية الكيانات الاعتبارية), (Persian);
  2. Book Five of the Criminal Code: Articles 91-97
    (الكتاب الخامس من قانون العقوبات الإسلامي (العقوبات والعقوبات الرادعة): المواد 91-97), (Persian);
  3. Law «On Administrative Offenses»
    (قانون رسیدگی به تخلفات اداری), (Persian);
  4. Law «On Increasing Penalties for the Convicted of Bribery, Embezzlement and Fraud»
    (اصلاح و تأیید موادی از لایحه تشدید مجازات مرتکبین ارتشاء اختلاس و کلاهبرداری), (Persian);
  5. Law «On Public Service»
    (قانون مدیریت خدمات کشوری), (Persian);
  6. The Punishment of Unjust and Illicit Exercise of Influence Law
    (قانون مجازات اعمال نفوذ برخلاف حق و مقررات قانونی), (Persian);
  7. The Penalizing the Disruption of the State’s Economic System Law
    (قانون مجازات اخلالگران در نظام اقتصادی کشور), (Persian);
  8. Law on Improving Administrative Discipline and Combating Corruption​
    (قانون ارتقاء سلامت نظام اداری و مقابله با فساد), (Persian);
  9. Law on Prohibition of Receiving Commission in Foreign Transactions
    (قانون ممنوعیت اخذ پورسانت در معاملات خارجی), (Persian);
  10. Law on Prohibition of the Intervention of Ministers and the Members of the Parliament and State Employees in State and National Transactions
    (قانون راجع به منع مداخله وزراء و نمایندگان مجلسین و کارمندان در معاملات دولتی و کشوری), (Persian);
  11. Executive Regulation on Preventing and Combating Corruption
    (آیین نامه پیشگیری و مبارزه با رشوه در دستگاههای اجرایی), (Persian).
Anti-Corruption Bodies
  1. Council of Ethics for the Public Service​
    (Kamu Görevlileri Etik Kurulu)(Turkish).

  1. Ministry of Justice of the Islamic Republic of Iran
    (وزارت دادگستری), (Persian/English);
  2. Financial Intelligence Unit, Ministry of Economic Affairs and Finance of the Islamic Republic of Iran
    (واحد اطلاعات مالی وزارت امور اقتصادی و دارایی), (Persian/English)

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