HSE University Anti-Corruption Portal
Comparison of countries
Spain
South Africa
Indices
Overall Score:
62 out of 100
Rank:
32 out of 180
Rank:
66 out of 133
Overall Score:
0,73 out of 1
Rank:
19 out of 128
Overall Score:
53 out of 100
Overall Score:
73 out of 150
Rank:
92 out of 134
Overall Score:
8,14 out of 10
Rank:
24 out of 114
Overall Score:
44 out of 100
Rank:
69 out of 180
Rank:
58 out of 133
Overall Score:
0,59 out of 1
Rank:
45 out of 128
Overall Score:
87 out of 100
Overall Score:
119 out of 150
Rank:
15 out of 134
Overall Score:
7,22 out of 10
Rank:
39 out of 114
International Cooperation
UN
GRECO
OECD
FATF
IACA
UN
OECD
G20
FATF
BRICS
Spain
  • The UN Convention against Corruption was ratified in 2006.
  • The review under the first cycle of the Implementation Review Mechanism is completed. The country report is available here.
  • GRECO’s member since 1999.
  • The Council of Europe’s Criminal Law Convention on Corruption was ratified in 2010.
  • The Council of Europe’s Civil Law Convention on Corruption was ratified in 2009.
  • The fifth evaluation round is completed. The evaluation report is available here.
  • The OECD Convention on Combating Bribery of Foreign Public Officials in International Business Transactions was ratified in 2000.
  • The country is undergoing Phase 3 evaluation of the implementation of the Convention. The report is available here.
  • Member of the FATF since 1990.
  • Evaluation Report on compliance with the FATF recommendations is available here.
  • The Agreement for the Establishment of the International Anti-Corruption Academy as an International Organization was ratified in 2011.
South Africa
  • The UN Convention against Corruption was ratified in 2004.
  • The review under the first cycle of the Implementation Review Mechanism is completed. The country report is available here.
  • The OECD Convention on Combating Bribery of Foreign Public Officials in International Business Transactions was ratified in 2007.
  • The country is undergoing Phase 3 evaluation of the implementation of the Convention. The report is available here.
  • Member of the FATF since 2003.
  • Evaluation Report on compliance with the FATF recommendations is available here.
  • BRICS Member since 2011.
  • BRICS Presidency is scheduled for 2023.
Main Legislation
Spain
  1. Criminal Code, Division XIX, Chapter V - Bribes, Chapter VI – Trading in Influence, Chapter IX – Talks and Actions Forbidden to Public Officials and Abuse of Functions; Division XIII, Chapter XI, Section 4 – Corruption in Business; Articles 31bis-31 quinquies
    (Codigo Penal, Titulo XIX, Сapítulo V, VI, IX; Titulo XIII, Сapítulo XI, Sección 4; Artículo 31bis-31 quinquies), (Spanish);

  2. Law on Civil Service, Division III, Chapter VIII
    (Ley articulada de Funcionarios Civiles del Estado: Titulo III, Capitulo VIII), (Spanish);

  3. Organic Law of December 26, 1984 No. 53/1984 «On Restrictions on Civil Servants»
    (Ley Orgánica 53/84, de 26 de diciembre, de Incompatibilidades del personal al servicio de las Administraciones Públicas), (Spanish);

  4. Law of December 9, 2013 No. 19 «On Transparency and Free Access to Information»
    (Ley 19/2013, de 9 de diciembre, de transparencia, acceso a la información pública y buen gobierno), (Spanish);

  5. Law of March 30, 2015 «On the Duties of Persons Occupying Highest Positions in Public Administration»
    (Ley 3/2015, de 30 de marzo, reguladora del ejercicio del alto cargo de la Administración General del Estado), (Spanish).

South Africa
  1. Protected Disclosures Act 26 of 2000, (English);

  2. Prevention and Combating of Corrupt Activities Act 12 of 2004, (English);

  3. Code of Ethical Conduct and Disclosure of Members’ Interests for Assembly and Permanent Council Members, (English).

Anti-Corruption Bodies
Spain
  1. Special Prosecutor’s Office for Countering Corruption and Organized Crime
    (Fiscalía Especial contra la Corrupción y el Crimen Organizado), (Spanish)

South Africa
  1. Investigating Directorate of the Republic of South Africa, (English);

  2. Public Service Commission of the Republic of South Africa, (English).

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