HSE University Anti-Corruption Portal
Comparison of countries
Spain
Belarus
Indices
Overall Score:
62 out of 100
Rank:
30 out of 180
Rank:
66 out of 133
Overall Score:
0,73 out of 1
Rank:
19 out of 128
Overall Score:
53 out of 100
Overall Score:
73 out of 150
Rank:
90 out of 128
Overall Score:
8,14 out of 10
Rank:
24 out of 117
Overall Score:
45 out of 100
Rank:
66 out of 180
Overall Score:
0,51 out of 1
Rank:
68 out of 128
Overall Score:
N/A
International Cooperation
UN
GRECO
OECD
FATF
IACA
UN
GRECO
Spain
  • The UN Convention against Corruption was ratified in 2006.
  • The review under the first cycle of the Implementation Review Mechanism is completed. The country report is available here.
  • GRECO’s member since 1999.
  • The Council of Europe’s Criminal Law Convention on Corruption was ratified in 2010.
  • The Council of Europe’s Civil Law Convention on Corruption was ratified in 2009.
  • The fifth evaluation round is completed. The evaluation report is available here.
  • The OECD Convention on Combating Bribery of Foreign Public Officials in International Business Transactions was ratified in 2000.
  • The country is undergoing Phase 3 evaluation of the implementation of the Convention. The report is available here.
  • Member of the FATF since 1990.
  • Evaluation Report on compliance with the FATF recommendations is available here.
  • The Agreement for the Establishment of the International Anti-Corruption Academy as an International Organization was ratified in 2011.
Belarus
  • The UN Convention against Corruption was ratified in 2005.
  • The review under the first cycle of the Implementation Review Mechanism is completed. The executive summary is available here.
  • GRECO’s member since 2011.
  • The Council of Europe’s Criminal Law Convention on Corruption was ratified in 2007.
  • The Council of Europe’s Civil Law Convention on Corruption was ratified in 2006.
  • The fourth evaluation round is completed. The status of the evaluation report is confidential. The summary is available here.
Main Legislation
Spain
  1. Criminal Code, Division XIX, Chapter V - Bribes, Chapter VI – Trading in Influence, Chapter IX – Talks and Actions Forbidden to Public Officials and Abuse of Functions; Division XI, Section 4 – Corruption in Business; Articles 31bis-31 quinquies
    (Codigo Penal, Titulo XIX, Сapítulo V, VI, IX; Titulo XI, Sección 4; Artículo 31bis-31 quinquies), (Spanish);

  2. Law on Civil Service, Division III, Chapter VIII
    (Ley articulada de Funcionarios Civiles del Estado: Titulo III, Capitulo VIII), (Spanish);

  3. Law of March 30, 2015 “On the Duties of Persons Occupying Highest Positions in Public Administration
    (Ley 3/2015, de 30 de marzo, reguladora del ejercicio del alto cargo de la Administración General del Estado), (Spanish);

  4. Organic Law of December 26, 1984 No. 53/84 “On Restrictions on Civil Servants”
    (Ley Orgánica 53/84, de 26 de diciembre, de Incompatibilidades del personal al servicio de las Administraciones Públicas), (Spanish);

  5. Law of December 9, 2013 No. 19 “On Transparency and Free Access to Information”
    (Ley 19/2013, de 9 de diciembre, de transparencia, acceso a la información pública y buen gobierno), (Spanish).

Belarus
  1. Criminal Code of the Republic of Belarus, Chapter 34 Article 396, Chapter 35 Articles 424-433,
    (Уголовный Кодекс Республики Беларусь (Глава 34 Статья 396, Глава 35 Статьи 424-433)​)
    (Russian);  
  2. Law of the Republic of Belarus of July 15, 2015 No. 305-3 “On Combating Corruption”,
    (Закон Республики Беларусь «О борьбе с коррупцией» от 15 июля 2015 года № 305-3), (Russian);  
  3. Decree of the Council of Ministers of the Republic of Belarus of February 5, 2016 No. 101 “On Award and Other Compensations to Natural Persons Facilitating the Detection of Corruption”,
    (Постановление Совета Министров Республики Беларусь от 5 февраля 2016 года № 101 «О выплате вознаграждения и других выплат физическому лицу, способствующему выявлению коррупции»), (Russian);
  4. Decree of the General Prosecutor’s Office of the Republic of Belarus, Council of Ministers of the Republic of Belarus, State Control Committee of the Republic of Belarus of December 30, 2014 No. 30/1257/2/260 “On the Approval of Criteria for the Evaluation of Activities of Public Bodies and Other Organizations in Countering Corruption and Economic Offences”,
    (Постановление Генеральной прокуратуры Республики Беларусь, Совета Министров Республики Беларусь, Комитета государственного контроля Республики Беларусь, Следственного комитета Республики Беларусь от 30 декабря 2014 года № 30/1257/2/260 «Об утверждении критериев оценки деятельности государственных органов и иных организаций по борьбе с коррупцией и экономическими правонарушениями»), (Russian).  
Anti-Corruption Bodies
Spain
  1. Special Prosecutor’s Office for Countering Corruption and Organized Crime
    (Fiscalía Especial contra la Corrupción y el Crimen Organizado), (Spanish)

Belarus
  1. General Prosecutor’s Office of the Republic of Belarus, (Russian), (English).

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