HSE University Anti-Corruption Portal
Comparison of countries
Saudi Arabia
Spain
Indices
Overall Score:
52 out of 100
Rank:
53 out of 180
Rank:
25 out of 141
Overall Score:
23 out of 100
Overall Score:
60 out of 150
Rank:
121 out of 140
Overall Score:
5,46 out of 10
Rank:
76 out of 119
Overall Score:
60 out of 100
Rank:
36 out of 180
Rank:
29 out of 141
Overall Score:
54 out of 100
Overall Score:
0,72 out of 1
Rank:
24 out of 142
Overall Score:
73 out of 150
Rank:
96 out of 140
Overall Score:
7,72 out of 10
Rank:
24 out of 119
International Cooperation
UN
G20
FATF
BRICS
UN
GRECO
OECD
FATF
Saudi Arabia
  • The UN Convention against Corruption was ratified in 2013.
  • The review under the second cycle of the Implementation Review Mechanism is completed. The country report is available here.
  • Holds G20 Presidency in 2020.
  • The documents adopted under Saudi Arabia’s Presidency are available here.
  • Member of the FATF since 2019.
  • Evaluation Report on compliance with the FATF recommendations is available here.
  • BRICS Member since 2024.
  • The Agreement for the Establishment of the International Anti-Corruption Academy as an International Organization was ratified in 2013.
Spain
  • The UN Convention against Corruption was ratified in 2006.
  • The review under the first cycle of the Implementation Review Mechanism is completed. The country report is available here.
  • GRECO’s member since 1999.
  • The Council of Europe’s Criminal Law Convention on Corruption was ratified in 2010.
  • The Council of Europe’s Civil Law Convention on Corruption was ratified in 2009.
  • The fifth evaluation round is completed. The evaluation report is available here.
  • The OECD Convention on Combating Bribery of Foreign Public Officials in International Business Transactions was ratified in 2000.
  • The country is undergoing Phase 4 evaluation of the implementation of the Convention. The report is available here.
  • Member of the FATF since 1990.
  • Evaluation Report on compliance with the FATF recommendations is available here.
  • The Agreement for the Establishment of the International Anti-Corruption Academy as an International Organization was ratified in 2011.
Main Legislation
Saudi Arabia
  1. Law on Civil Service
    (نظام الخدمة المدنية), (Arabic);

  2. Anti-Bribery Law
    (نظام مكافحة الرشوة), (Arabic);

  3. Law on a System of Protection for Whistleblowers, Witnesses, Experts and Victims
    (نظام حماية المبلغين والشهود والخبراء والضحايا), (Arabic);

  4. Code of Conduct and Public Ethics of the Civil Service, approved by Cabinet Resolution No. 555
    (مدونة قواعد السلوك الوظيفي وأخالقيات الوظيفة العامة), (Arabic);

  5. Policy on Conflict of Interest in Public Tenders and Procurement and its implementing regulations
    (سياسة تعارض المصالح في تطبيق نظام المنافسات والمشتريات الحكومية ولائحته التنفيذية), (Arabic).

Spain
  1. Criminal Code: Articles 419-431, 439, 441, 442, Title XIII, Chapter XI, Section 4 – Corruption in Business, Articles 31bis-31quinquies
    (Codigo Penal: Artículos 419-431, 439, 441, 442, Titulo XIII, Сapítulo XI, Sección 4  Delitos de corrupción en los negocios, Artículos 31bis-31quinquies​), (Spanish);

  2. Law on Civil Service, Division III, Chapter VIII
    (Ley articulada de Funcionarios Civiles del Estado: Titulo III, Capitulo VIII), (Spanish);

  3. Organic Law of December 26, 1984 No. 53/1984 «On Restrictions on Part-Time Work on Civil Servants»
    (Ley Orgánica 53/84, de 26 de diciembre, de Incompatibilidades del personal al servicio de las Administraciones Públicas), (Spanish);

  4. Law of March 30, 2015 «On the Duties of Persons Occupying Highest Positions in Public Administration»
    (Ley 3/2015, de 30 de marzo, reguladora del ejercicio del alto cargo de la Administración General del Estado), (Spanish);

  5. Law of February 20, 2023 «On the Protection of Persons Who Report Regulatory Offences and the Fight against Corruption»
    (Ley 2/2023, de 20 de febrero, reguladora de la protección de las personas que informen sobre infracciones normativas y de lucha contra la corrupción), (Spanish).

Anti-Corruption Bodies
Saudi Arabia
  1. Oversight and Anti-Corruption Authority
    (Nazaha) (English).

 
Spain
  1. Special Prosecutor’s Office for Countering Corruption and Organized Crime
    (Fiscalía Especial contra la Corrupción y el Crimen Organizado), (Spanish);

  2. Office for Conflicts of Interest
    (Oficina de Conflictos de Intereses)(Spanish).

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