HSE University Anti-Corruption Portal
Comparison of countries
Saudi Arabia
Belgium
Indices
Overall Score:
53 out of 100
Rank:
52 out of 180
Rank:
25 out of 141
Overall Score:
23 out of 100
Overall Score:
5,47 out of 10
Rank:
95 out of 116
Overall Score:
73 out of 100
Rank:
18 out of 180
Rank:
26 out of 141
Overall Score:
0,79 out of 1
Rank:
14 out of 139
Overall Score:
59 out of 150
Rank:
120 out of 136
Overall Score:
7,78 out of 10
Rank:
25 out of 114
International Cooperation
UN
G20
FATF
UN
GRECO
OECD
FATF
Saudi Arabia
  • The UN Convention against Corruption was ratified in 2013.
  • The review under the second cycle of the Implementation Review Mechanism is completed. The country report is available here.
  • Holds G20 Presidency in 2020.
  • The documents adopted under Saudi Arabia’s Presidency are available here.
  • Member of the FATF since 2019.
  • Evaluation Report on compliance with the FATF recommendations is available here.
  • The Agreement for the Establishment of the International Anti-Corruption Academy as an International Organization was ratified in 2013.
Belgium
  • The UN Convention against Corruption was ratified in 2008.
  • The review under the second cycle of the Implementation Review Mechanism is completed. The country report is available here.
  • GRECO’s member since 1999.
  • The Council of Europe’s Criminal Law Convention on Corruption was ratified in 2004.
  • The Council of Europe’s Civil Law Convention on Corruption was ratified in 2007.
  • The fifth evaluation round is completed. The evaluation report is available here.
  • The OECD Convention on Combating Bribery of Foreign Public Officials in International Business Transactions was ratified in 1999.
  • The country is undergoing Phase 3 evaluation of the implementation of the Convention. The report is available here.
  • Member of the FATF since 1990.
  • Evaluation Report on compliance with the FATF recommendations is available here.
Main Legislation
Saudi Arabia
  1. Law on Civil Service 01/01/1397H
    (نظام الخدمة المدنية), (Arabic);

  2. Anti-Bribery Law 29/12/1412H
    (نظام مكافحة الرشوة), (Arabic).

Belgium

1. Criminal Code: Articles 246-250, 504bis, 504ter
(Wetboek van Strafrecht: Art. 246-250, 504bis, 504ter), (Dutch);

2. Law of September 15, 2013 «On the Disclosure of Information on Alleged Violation of the Rules of Conduct for Public Officials»
(Wet van 15 septembre 2013, beteffende de melding van een verondestelde integriteitsschending in de federale administratieve overheden door haar personeelsleden), (Dutch);

3. The Code of Ethics for Federal Public Officials
(Deontologisch Kader), (Dutch/French);

4. Guide to the Management of Conflicts of Interest in Federal Public Administration
(Handleiding bij belangenconflicten in het Belgisch federaal administratief openbaar ambt), (Dutch/French/German/English);

5. Circular of May 5, 2014 «On the Management of Conflicts of Interest in Public Procurement: "Revolving Door"»
(Omzendbrief 5 mei 2014 - Overheidsopdrachten - Belangenvermenging – Draaideurconstructie), (Dutch).

Anti-Corruption Bodies
Saudi Arabia
  1. Oversight and Anti-Corruption Authority
    (Nazaha) (English).

 
Belgium
  1. Central Bureau for Countering Corruption, Federal Police of Belgium
    (Office Central pour la Répression de la Corruption), (Dutch/French);
  2. Federal Prosecutor's Office
    (Federaal parket), (Dutch/French).

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