HSE University Anti-Corruption Portal
Comparison of countries
Paraguay
Finland
Indices
Overall Score:
28 out of 100
Rank:
136 out of 180
Overall Score:
4,61 out of 10
Rank:
117 out of 141
Overall Score:
47 out of 100
Overall Score:
0,46 out of 1
Rank:
99 out of 142
Overall Score:
60 out of 150
Rank:
120 out of 140
Overall Score:
5,56 out of 10
Rank:
70 out of 119
Overall Score:
87 out of 100
Rank:
2 out of 180
Rank:
88 out of 141
Overall Score:
0,87 out of 1
Rank:
3 out of 142
Overall Score:
105 out of 150
Rank:
31 out of 140
Overall Score:
9,18 out of 10
Rank:
3 out of 119
International Cooperation
UN
OAS
UN
GRECO
OECD
FATF
Paraguay
  • The UN Convention against Corruption was ratified in 2005.
  • The review under the first cycle of the Implementation Review Mechanism is completed. The executive summary is available here.
  • The Inter-American Convention against Corruption was ratified in 1996.
  • The Agreement for the Establishment of the International Anti-Corruption Academy as an International Organization was ratified in 2018.
Finland
  • The UN Convention against Corruption was accepted in 2006.
  • The review under the first cycle of the Implementation Review Mechanism is completed. The country report is available here.
  • GRECO’s member since 1999.
  • The Council of Europe’s Criminal Law Convention on Corruption was ratified in 2002.
  • The Council of Europe’s Civil Law Convention on Corruption was ratified in 2001.
  • The fifth evaluation round is completed. The evaluation report is available here.
  • The OECD Convention on Combating Bribery of Foreign Public Officials in International Business Transactions was ratified in 1998.
  • The country is undergoing Phase 4 evaluation of the implementation of the Convention. The report is available here.
  • Member of the FATF since 1991.
  • Evaluation Report on compliance with the FATF recommendations is available here.
  • The Agreement for the Establishment of the International Anti-Corruption Academy as an International Organization was ratified in 2011.
Main Legislation
Paraguay

1. Constitution: Article 104
(Constitución Nacional De La República Del Paraguay: Artículo 104), (Spanish);

2. Criminal Code: Articles 196, 300-304
(Codigo Penal: Artículos 196, 300-304), (Spanish);

3. Law on Civil Service: Articles 57, 60, 64, 68, 69
(Ley No. 1626 De La Funcion Publica: Artículos 57, 60, 64, 68, 69), (Spanish);

4. Law on the Prevention, Criminalisation and Punishment of Unlawful Enrichment in Public Office and Trading in Influence
(Ley № 2523 Previene, Tipifica Y Sanciona El Enriquecimiento Ilicito En La Funcion Publica Y El Trafico De Influencias), (Spanish);

5. Law on Punishable Acts against Public Assets
(Ley 2880 Reprime Hechos Punibles Contra El Patrimonio Del Estado), (Spanish);

6. Law on the Implementation of Article 104 of the Constitution, on the declaration of assets of civil servants
(Ley 5033 Reglamenta El Artículo 104 De La Constitucion Nacional, De La Declaracion Jurada De Bienes Y Rentas, Activos Y Pasivos De Los Funcionarios Publicos), (Spanish);

7. Law on the Prohibition of Nepotism in Public Service
(Ley № 5295 Prohíbe El Nepotismo En La Función Pública), (Spanish);

8. Law on Prevention, Criminalisation and Punishment of Transnational Bribery
(Ley 6430 Que Previene, Tipifica Y Sanciona Los Hechos Punibles De Cohecho Transnacional Y Soborno Transnacional), (Spanish);

9. Law of 26 April 2023 No. 7089 «On the Framework for the Prevention, Management of and Liability for Conflicts of Interest in the Public Service»
(Ley Nº 7089 Establece el Régimen de Prevención, Corrección y Sanción de Conflictos de Intereses en la Función Pública), (Spanish);

10. Law of 5 January 2024 No. 7236 «On the Amending Law of 26 April 2023 No. 7089 "On the Framework for the Prevention, Management of and Liability for Conflicts of Interest in the Public Service" and Repealing Articles 24, 25, 26 and 38»
(Ley Nº 7236 Que Modifica Varios Artículos De La Ley N° 7089/2023 “Que Establece El Régimen De Prevención, Corrección Y Sanción De Conflictos De Intereses En La Función Pública” Y Deroga Los Artículos 24, 25, 26 Y 38), (Spanish);

11. Presidential Decree on the Establishment of the Interagency Network to Promote Transparency and Combat Corruption under the Presidential Administration
(Decreto N° 4937/2016, Por la que se crea la Red Interinstitucional de Transparencia y Anticorrupción (RTA), dependiente de la Presidencia de la República), (Spanish).

Finland
  1. Criminal Law: Chapter 16, Articles 13-14b, 18; Chapter 30, Articles 7-8a, 13; Chapter 32, Articles 6-10; Chapter 40, Articles 1-4a, 7, 8
    (Rikoslaki: Luku 16, § 13-14b, 18; Luku 30, § 7-8a, 13; Luku 32, § 6-10; Luku 40, § 1-4a, 7, 8), (Finnish/Swedish/English);

  2. Law of August 19, 1994 No. 750 «On Civil Service»
    (19.8.1994/750 Valtion virkamieslaki), (Finnish/Swedish);

  3. Law of December 20, 2022 No. 1171 «On the Protection of Whistleblowers Reporting Breaches of European Union and National Law»
    (1171/2022 Laki Euroopan unionin ja kansallisen oikeuden rikkomisesta ilmoittavien henkilöiden suojelusta)(Finnish);

  4. Code of Conduct for Officials
    (Virkamieseettinen toimintaohje)(Finnish/Swedish/English);

  5. Values in the Daily Job – Civil Servant’s Ethics. A handbook for the state administration»
    (Arvot Arjessa – Virkamiehen Etiikka. Valtionhallinnon Käsikirja), (Finnish), (English);

  6. Recommendations of the Ministry of Finance on Other Paid Activities of Officials
    (VM/561/00.00.00/2017 Virkamiesten sivutoimet)(Finnish);

  7. Recommendations of the Ministry of Finance on the Issues Regarding the Acceptance of Gifts, Offers of Hospitality and Other Benefits
    (VN/27196/2023 Vieraanvaraisuudesta, eduista ja lahjoista), (Finnish);

  8. Recommendations of the Ministry of Finances Regarding Cooling-Off Periods for Former Civil Servants
    (VM/1007/00.00.00/2012 Ohje virkamiehen siirtyessä toisen työnantajan palvelukseen), (Finnish);

  9. Report of the Committee for Ethics in Civil Service, with recommendations, March 2014
    (Valtion virkamieseettisen toimikunnan raportti 3/2014), (Finnish).

Anti-Corruption Bodies
Paraguay

1. National Anti-Corruption Secretariat
(Secretaria Nacional Anticorrupción), (Spanish);

2. Interagency Network to Promote Transparency and Combat Corruption
(Red Interinstitucional de Transparencia y Anticorrupción);

3. Specialised Unit of the Public Prosecutor's Office for Combating Economic Crime and Corruption
(Unidad Especializada de Delitos Económicos y Anticorrupción), (Spanish).

Finland
  1. National Bureau of Investigation
    (Keskusrikospoliisi), (Finnish);

  2. National Prosecution Authority
    (Valtakunnansyyttäjänvirasto), (Finnish/English/Swedish);

  3. Ministry of Finance
    (Valtiovarainministeriö)(Finnish/English/Swedish).

We use cookies in order to improve the quality and usability of the HSE website. More information about the use of cookies is available here, and the regulations on processing personal data can be found here. By continuing to use the site, you hereby confirm that you have been informed of the use of cookies by the HSE website and agree with our rules for processing personal data. You may disable cookies in your browser settings.