HSE University Anti-Corruption Portal
Comparison of countries
Panama
France
Indices
Overall Score:
35 out of 100
Rank:
108 out of 180
Overall Score:
5,39 out of 10
Rank:
18 out of 141
Overall Score:
0,51 out of 1
Rank:
74 out of 142
Overall Score:
93 out of 150
Rank:
54 out of 140
Overall Score:
71 out of 100
Rank:
20 out of 180
Rank:
30 out of 141
Overall Score:
72 out of 100
Overall Score:
0,73 out of 1
Rank:
21 out of 142
Overall Score:
65 out of 150
Rank:
109 out of 140
Overall Score:
8,60 out of 10
Rank:
8 out of 119
International Cooperation
UN
OAS
UN
GRECO
OECD
G20
FATF
Panama
  • The UN Convention against Corruption was ratified in 2005.
  • The review under the second cycle of the Implementation Review Mechanism is completed. The executive summary is available here.
  • The Inter-American Convention against Corruption was ratified in 1998.
  • The Agreement for the Establishment of the International Anti-Corruption Academy as an International Organization was ratified in 2012.
France
  • The UN Convention against Corruption was ratified in 2005.
  • The review under the second cycle of the Implementation Review Mechanism is completed. The country report is available here.
  • GRECO’s member since 1999.
  • The Council of Europe’s Criminal Law Convention on Corruption was ratified in 2008.
  • The Council of Europe’s Civil Law Convention on Corruption was ratified in 2008.
  • The fifth evaluation round is completed. The evaluation report is available here.
  • The OECD Convention on Combating Bribery of Foreign Public Officials in International Business Transactions was ratified in 2000.
  • The country is undergoing Phase 4 evaluation of the implementation of the Convention. The report is available here.
  • G20 Presidency in 2011.
  • The documents adopted under France’s Presidency are available here.
  • Member of the FATF since 1990.
  • Evaluation Report on compliance with the FATF recommendations is available here.
Main Legislation
Panama

1. Criminal Code: Articles 254, 345-354, 364, 365
(Código Penal: Artículos 254, 345-354, 364, 365), (Spanish);

2. Law on the Careers of Civil Servants
(Por la cual se establece y regula la Carrera Administrativa), (Spanish);

3. Law on the Implementation of Article 299 of the Constitution and the Fight against Corruption in Public Authorities
(Que Reglamenta el Artículo 299 de la Constitución Política y Dicta otras Disposiciones contra la Corrupción Administrativa), (Spanish);

4. Law on Regulating Situations of Conflict of Interest in the Public Service
(Que Regula Situaciones de Conflicto de Intereses en la Función Pública), (Spanish);

5. Presidential Decree on a Unified Form for Declaration of Interests and Other Provisions
(Que adopta el Formulario Único de Declaración Jurada de intereses particulares y dicta otras disposiciones), (Spanish);

6. Uniform Code of Ethics for Public Officials
(Código Uniforme De Ética De Los Servidores Públicos), (Spanish);

7. Guidelines on Asset Declarations for Civil Servants
(Guía Básica sobre Declaración Jurada de Estado Patrimonial de Funcionarios Públicos), (Spanish).

France
  1. Penal Code: Article 121-2 Liability of Legal Persons, Articles 432-11 – 432-17, 433-1 – 433-2-1, 435-1 – 435-4, 435-9, 435-10, 445-1 – 445-4
    (Code Pénal: Article 121-2 – Responsabilité des personnes morales, Articles 432-11 – 432-17, 433-1 – 433-2-1, 435-1 – 435-4, 435-9, 435-10, 445-1 – 445-4), (French);

  2. Law of October 11, 2013 No. 2013-907 «On Transparency of Public Life»
    (Loi n° 2013-907 du 11 octobre 2013 relative à la transparence de la vie publique), (French);

  3. Law of April 20, 2016 No. 2016-483 «On Ethics, Rights and Obligations of Civil Servants»
    (Loi n° 2016-483 du 20 avril 2016 relative à la déontologie et aux droits et obligations des fonctionnaires), (French);

  4. Law of December 9, 2016 No. 2016-1691 «On Transparency, Fight against Corruption and Modernization of Economic Life»
    (Loi n° 2016-1691 du 9 décembre 2016 relative à la transparence, à la lutte contre la corruption et à la modernisation de la vie économique), (French);

  5. Decree of January 30, 2020 No. 2020-69 «On Ethical Controls in the Civil Service»
    (Décret n° 2020-69 du 30 janvier 2020 relatif aux contrôles déontologiques dans la fonction publique), (French);

  6. Notice on the French Anti-Corruption Agency Guidelines to help Public and Private Sector Entities to Prevent and Detect Bribery, Influence Peddling, Extortion by Public Officials, Illegal Taking of Interest, Misappropriation of Public Funds and Favouritism
    (Recommandations destinées à aider les personnes morales de droit public et de droit privé à prévenir et à détecter les faits de corruption, de trafic d'influence, de concussion, de prise illégale d'intérêts, de détournement de fonds publics et de favoritisme), (French), (English).

Anti-Corruption Bodies
Panama

1. Public Prosecutor's Office of Panama
(Ministerio Público de Panamá), (Spanish);

2. National Authority for Transparency and Access to Information
(Autoridad Nacional de Transparencia y Acceso a la Información), (Spanish).

France
  1. French Anti-Corruption Agency
    (Agence française anticorruption), (French);

  2. Central Office for the Fight against Corruption and Financial and Tax Offences
    (Office central de lutte contre la corruption et les infractions financières et fiscales), (French);

  3. High Authority for Transparency in Public Life
    (Haute Autorité pour la transparence de la vie publique), (French/English);

  4. National Financial Prosecutor’s Office
    (Parquet national financier), (French);

  5. Paris Prosecutor’s Office
    (Parquet de Paris), (French).

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