HSE University Anti-Corruption Portal
Comparison of countries
Moldova
China
Indices
Overall Score:
36 out of 100
Rank:
105 out of 180
Overall Score:
0,51 out of 1
Rank:
73 out of 139
Overall Score:
65 out of 100
Overall Score:
93 out of 150
Rank:
53 out of 136
Overall Score:
6,28 out of 10
Rank:
60 out of 114
Overall Score:
45 out of 100
Rank:
66 out of 180
Rank:
11 out of 141
Overall Score:
0,47 out of 1
Rank:
98 out of 139
Overall Score:
20 out of 100
Overall Score:
75 out of 150
Rank:
87 out of 136
Overall Score:
5,22 out of 10
Rank:
99 out of 116
International Cooperation
UN
GRECO
UN
G20
APEC
FATF
BRICS
Moldova
  • The UN Convention against Corruption was ratified in 2007.
  • The review under the first cycle of the Implementation Review Mechanism is completed. The country report is available here.
  • GRECO’s member since 2001.
  • The Council of Europe’s Criminal Law Convention on Corruption was ratified in 2004.
  • The Council of Europe’s Civil Law Convention on Corruption was ratified in 2004.
  • The fourth evaluation round is completed. The evaluation report is available here.
  • The Agreement for the Establishment of the International Anti-Corruption Academy as an International Organization was ratified in 2012.
China
  • The UN Convention against Corruption was ratified in 2006.
  • The review under the first cycle of the Implementation Review Mechanism is completed. The executive summary is available here.
  • G20 Presidency in 2016.
  • The documents adopted under China’s Presidency are available here.
  • APEC’s member since 1991.
  • Member of the FATF since 2007.
  • Evaluation Report on compliance with the FATF recommendations is available here.
  • BRICS Member since 2009.
  • BRICS Presidency is scheduled for 2022.
  • The Agreement for the Establishment of the International Anti-Corruption Academy as an International Organization was ratified in 2013.
Main Legislation
Moldova
  1. Criminal Code: Articles 256, 324-327, 3302, 333-335
    (Codul Penal: Articole 256, 324-327, 3302, 333-335), (Romanian/Russian);

  2. Code of Offences: Articles 312, 3131, 3132, 3134-3136, 3138, 314-315, 3191, 3271, 3302
    (Codul Contravenţional: Articole 312, 3131, 3132, 3134-3136, 3138, 314-315, 3191, 3271, 3302), (Romanian)(Russian);

  3. Law of June 6, 2002 No. 1104 «On the National Anti-Corruption Centre»
    (Lege Nr. 1104 din 06.06.2002 cu privire la Centrul Naţional Anticorupţie), (Romanian/Russian);

  4. Law of February 22, 2008 No. 25 «On the Code of Conduct for Civil Servants»​
    (Lege Nr. 25 din 22.02.2008 privind Codul de conduită a funcţionarului public), (Romanian/Russian);

  5. Law of July 4, 2008 No. 158 «On Public Office and the Status of a Public Servant»
    (Lege Nr. 158 din 04.07.2008 cu privire la funcţia publică şi statutul funcţionarului public), (Romanian/Russian);

  6. Law of June 17, 2016 No. 133 «On declaration of assets and personal interests»
    (Lege Nr. 133 din 17.06.2016 privind declararea averii și a intereselor personale), (Romanian/Russian);

  7. Law of May 25, 2017 No. 82 «On Integrity»
    (Lege Nr. 82 din 25.05.2017 integrităţii), (Romanian/Russian).

China
  1. Criminal Code: Articles 163-166, 169, 382-397, 399, 401-405, 410-414, 418, (Chinese), (English);

  2. Law of the People’s Republic of China against Unfair Competition of September 2, 1993, (English);

  3. Law of the People's Republic of China on Public Servants of April 27, 2005, (Chinese), (English);

  4. Supervision Law of the People’s Republic of China of March 20, 2018, (Chinese), (English);

  5. Law on Graft Busters of August 20, 2021, (Chinese);

  6. Interim Provisions on Banning Commercial Bribery of November 15, 1996, (Chinese).

 
Anti-Corruption Bodies
Moldova
  1. National Anti-Corruption Centre
    (Centrul Național Anticorupție), (Romanian/English);

  2. Anti-Corruption Prosecutor’s Office of the General Prosecutor’s Office
    (Parchetul Anticorupție al Parchetului General), (Romanian);

  3. National Integrity Authority
    (Autoritatea Națională de Integritate), (Romanian/Russian/English);

  4. Independent Anti-Corruption Advisory Commitee
    (Comitetul Consultativ Independent Anticorupție), (Romanian/English).

China
  1. National Supervisory Commission of the People’s Republic of China, (Chinese);

  2. Hong Kong Independent Commission against Corruption, (Chinese), (English);

  3. Commission against Corruption, Macao Special Administrative Region, (Chinese/English).

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