HSE University Anti-Corruption Portal
Comparison of countries
Malta
Finland
Indices
Overall Score:
53 out of 100
Rank:
52 out of 180
Rank:
18 out of 133
Overall Score:
78 out of 150
Rank:
79 out of 134
Overall Score:
7,86 out of 10
Rank:
29 out of 114
Overall Score:
85 out of 100
Rank:
3 out of 180
Rank:
87 out of 133
Overall Score:
0,87 out of 1
Rank:
3 out of 128
Overall Score:
N/A
Overall Score:
105 out of 150
Rank:
32 out of 134
Overall Score:
9,4 out of 10
Rank:
3 out of 114
International Cooperation
UN
GRECO
UN
GRECO
OECD
FATF
IACA
Malta
  • The UN Convention against Corruption was ratified in 2008.
  • The review under the first cycle of the Implementation Review Mechanism is completed. The country report is available here.
  • GRECO’s member since 2001.
  • The Council of Europe’s Criminal Law Convention on Corruption was ratified in 2003.
  • The Council of Europe’s Civil Law Convention on Corruption was ratified in 2004.
  • The fifth evaluation round is completed. The evaluation report is available here.
Finland
  • The UN Convention against Corruption was accepted in 2006.
  • The review under the first cycle of the Implementation Review Mechanism is completed. The country report is available here.
  • GRECO’s member since 1999.
  • The Council of Europe’s Criminal Law Convention on Corruption was ratified in 2002.
  • The Council of Europe’s Civil Law Convention on Corruption was ratified in 2001.
  • The fifth evaluation round is completed. The evaluation report is available here.
  • The OECD Convention on Combating Bribery of Foreign Public Officials in International Business Transactions was ratified in 1998.
  • The country is undergoing Phase 4 evaluation of the implementation of the Convention. The report is available here.
  • Member of the FATF since 1991.
  • Evaluation Report on compliance with the FATF recommendations is available here.
  • The Agreement for the Establishment of the International Anti-Corruption Academy as an International Organization was ratified in 2011.
Main Legislation
Malta
  1. Criminal Code 1854, Chapters 115-121D (Maltese/English);

  2. Public Administration Act 2019, along with Code of Ethics, (Maltese/English);

  3. Protection of the Whistleblower Act 2013, (Maltese/English);

  4. Code of Principles of Good Corporate Governance for Listed Entities, (English).

 
Finland
  1. Criminal Law, Chapter 16, Sections 13-14b; Chapter 40, Sections 1-4a; Chapter 30, Sections 7-8a
    (Rikoslaki: Luku 16 §13-14b, Luku 40 §1-4a, Luku 30 §7-8a), (Finnish/Swedish/English);

  2. Law of August 19, 1994 No. 750 «On Civil Service»
    (19.8.1994/750 Valtion virkamieslaki), (Finnish/Swedish);

  3. Values in the Daily Job – Civil Servant’s Ethics. A handbook for the state administration, (English);

  4. Recommendations of the Ministry of Finance on the Issues Regarding the Acceptance of Gifts, Offers of Hospitality and Other Benefits
    (VM/1592/00.00.00/2010 Vieraanvaraisuudesta, eduista ja lahjoista), (Finnish);

  5. Recommendations of the Ministry of Finances Regarding Cooling-Off Periods for Former Civil Servants
    (VM/1007/00.00.00/2012 Ohje virkamiehen siirtyessä toisen työnantajan palvelukseen), (Finnish);

  6. Report of the Committee for Ethics in Civil Service, with recommendations, March 2014
    (Valtion virkamieseettisen toimikunnan raportti 3/2014), (Finnish).

Anti-Corruption Bodies
Malta
  1. Permanent Commission against Corruption of Malta, (Maltese/English).

Finland
  1. Ministry of Justice of Finland
    (Oikeusministeriö), (Finnish/Swedish/English/Russian);

  2. National Bureau of Investigation
    (Keskusrikospoliisi), (Finnish);

  3. National Prosecution Authority of Finland
    (Valtakunnansyyttäjänvirasto), (Finnish/English/Swedish).

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