HSE University Anti-Corruption Portal
Comparison of countries
Malaysia
North Macedonia
Indices
Overall Score:
50 out of 100
Rank:
57 out of 180
Rank:
39 out of 141
Overall Score:
48 out of 100
Overall Score:
0,57 out of 1
Rank:
55 out of 142
Overall Score:
6,86 out of 10
Rank:
47 out of 119
Score:
42 out of 100
Rank:
76 out of 180
Rank:
124 out of 141
Score:
35 out of 100
Score:
0,53 out of 1
Rank:
67 out of 142
Score:
110 out of 150
Rank:
26 out of 140
Score:
7,05 out of 10
Rank:
43 out of 119
International Cooperation
UN
APEC
FATF
UN
GRECO
Malaysia
  • The UN Convention against Corruption was ratified in 2008.
  • The review under the second cycle of the Implementation Review Mechanism is completed. The country report is available here.
  • APEC’s member since 1989.
  • Member of the FATF since 2016.
  • Evaluation Report on compliance with the FATF recommendations is available here.
  • The Agreement for the Establishment of the International Anti-Corruption Academy as an International Organization was ratified in 2011.
North Macedonia
  • The UN Convention against Corruption was ratified in 2007.
  • The review under the second cycle of the Implementation Review Mechanism is completed. The country report is available here.
  • GRECO’s member since 2000.
  • The Council of Europe’s Criminal Law Convention on Corruption was ratified in 1999.
  • The Council of Europe’s Civil Law Convention on Corruption was ratified in 2002.
  • The fifth evaluation round is completed. The evaluation report is available here.
  • The Agreement for the Establishment of the International Anti-Corruption Academy as an International Organization was ratified in 2011.
Main Legislation
Malaysia
  1. Act 574: Penal Code, Articles 161-165, 213-215, (Malay), (English);

  2. Act 5: Election Offences Act 1954: Part III, (Malay);

  3. Act 694: Malaysian Anti-Corruption Commission Act 2009, (Malay), (English);

  4. Act 711: Whistleblower Protection Act 2010, (Malay), (English).

North Macedonia
  1. Criminal Code: Articles 252-253-а, 353, 356-359a
    (Кривичен законик: Чл. 252-253-а, 353, 356-359a), (Macedonian);
  2. Law No. 27 of February 5, 2014 «On Civil Servants»
    (Закон од 5 февруари 2014 година број 27 «За административни службеници»), (Macedonian);
  3. Law No. 196 of November 10, 2015 «On Whistleblower Protection»
    (Закон од 10 ноември 2015 година број 196 «За заштита на укажувачите»), (Macedonian);
  4. Law No. 12 of January 19, 2019 «On Prevention of Corruption and Conflict of Interest»
    (Закон од 19 јануари 2019 година број 12 «За спречување на корупцијата и судирот на интереси»), (Macedonian), (English);
  5. Code of Ethics for Civil Servants
    (Етички кодекс за државните службеници), (Macedonian).
Anti-Corruption Bodies
Malaysia
  1. Malaysian Anti-Corruption Commission, (English).

North Macedonia
  1. State Commission for Prevention of Corruption
    (Државна комисија за спречување на корупција), (Macedonian);
  2. Public Prosecutor's Office of the Republic of North Macedonia
    (Jавно обвинителство на Република Северна Македонија), (Macedonian), (English);
  3. Economic Crime and Corruption Department of the Ministry of Interior
    (Одделение за борба против економски криминал и корупција при Министерстве за внатрешни работи), (Macedonian);
  4. Department for Organized Crime and Corruption of Criminal Court Skopje
    (Оддел за борба против организиран криминал и корупција при Основен кривичен суд Скопје), (Macedonian).
 

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