HSE University Anti-Corruption Portal
Comparison of countries
Italy
Turkey
Indices
Overall Score:
53 out of 100
Rank:
52 out of 180
Rank:
41 out of 133
Overall Score:
0,66 out of 1
Rank:
27 out of 128
Overall Score:
71 out of 100
Overall Score:
85 out of 150
Rank:
65 out of 129
Overall Score:
7,9 out of 10
Rank:
27 out of 117
Overall Score:
40 out of 100
Rank:
86 out of 180
Rank:
55 out of 133
Overall Score:
0,43 out of 1
Rank:
107 out of 128
Overall Score:
51 out of 100
Overall Score:
72 out of 150
Rank:
94 out of 129
Overall Score:
6,52 out of 10
Rank:
59 out of 117
International Cooperation
UN
GRECO
OECD
G20
FATF
UN
GRECO
OECD
G20
FATF
IACA
Italy
  • The UN Convention against Corruption was ratified in 2009.
  • The review under the second cycle of the Implementation Review Mechanism is completed. The country report is available here.
  • GRECO’s member since 2007.
  • The Council of Europe’s Criminal Law Convention on Corruption was ratified in 2013.
  • The Council of Europe’s Civil Law Convention on Corruption was ratified in 2013.
  • The forth evaluation round is completed. The evaluation report is available here.
  • The OECD Convention on Combating Bribery of Foreign Public Officials in International Business Transactions was ratified in 2000.
  • The country is undergoing Phase 3 evaluation of the implementation of the Convention. The report is available here.
  • G20 Presidency is scheduled for 2021.
  • Member of the FATF since 1990.
  • Evaluation Report on compliance with the FATF recommendations is available here.
Turkey
  • The UN Convention against Corruption was ratified in 2006.
  • The review under the first cycle of the Implementation Review Mechanism is completed. The executive summary is available here.
  • GRECO’s member since 2004.
  • The Council of Europe’s Criminal Law Convention on Corruption was ratified in 2004.
  • The Council of Europe’s Civil Law Convention on Corruption was not ratified in 2003.
  • The forth evaluation round is completed. The evaluation report is available here.
  • The OECD Convention on Combating Bribery of Foreign Public Officials in International Business Transactions was ratified in 2000.
  • The country is undergoing Phase 3 evaluation of the implementation of the Convention. The report is available here.
  • G20 Presidency in 2015.
  • The documents adopted under Turkey’s Presidency are available here.
  • Member of the FATF since 1991.
  • Evaluation Report on compliance with the FATF recommendations is available here.
  • The Agreement for the Establishment of the International Anti-Corruption Academy as an International Organization was ratified in 2012.
Main Legislation
Italy
  1. Criminal Code, articles 318-322, 222bis, 346 bis, 357 and 358
    (Codice penale), (Italian);

  2. Law of July 20, 2004 No. 215 «Procedures for Managing Conflicts of Interest»
    (Legge 20 luglio 2004, n. 215 «Norme in materia di risoluzione dei conflitti di interessi»), (Italian);

  3. Law of November 6, 2012 No. 190 «On Countering Corruption and Unlawfulness in Public Administration»
    (Legge 6 novembre 2012, n. 190 «Disposizioni per la prevenzione e la repressione della corruzione e dell'illegalita' nella pubblica amministrazione»), (Italian);

  4. Decree of the President of the Italian Republic of April 16, 2013 No. 62 «Regulation on the Code of Conduct for Civil Servants»
    (Decreto Del Presidente Della Repubblica del 16 aprile 2013, n. 62 «Regolamento recante codice di comportamento dei dipendenti pubblici»), (Italian);

  5. Legislative Decree No. 165 of March 30, 2001 «General Provisions for Working Conditions in Public Administration»
    (Decreto Legislativo 30 marzo 2001, n. 165 «Norme generali sull'ordinamento del lavoro alle dipendenze delle amministrazioni pubbliche»), (Italian);

  6. Legislative Decree of June 8, 2001 No. 231 «On Administrative Liability of Legal Persons, Companies and Associations and those with no Legal Personality», Article 25
    (Decreto Legislativo 8 giugno 2001, n. 231 «Disciplina della responsabilita' amministrativa delle persone giuridiche, delle societa' e delle associazioni anche prive di personalita' giuridica»), (Italian);

  7. Legislative Decree of March 14, 2013 No. 33 «On the Reorganization of the Procedure for Providing Due Publicity, Transparency and Dissemination of Information by Public Bodies»
    (Decreto Legislativo 14 marzo 2013, n. 33 «Riordino della disciplina riguardante gli obblighi di pubblicita', trasparenza e diffusione di informazioni da parte delle pubbliche amministrazioni»), (Italian).

Turkey
  1. Criminal Code, articles 252 – 254, (Turkish), (English);

  2. Law on Civil Service of July 14, 1965 No. № 657
    (14/7/1965 tarihli ve 657 sayılı Devlet Memurları Kanunu), (Turkish);

  3. Act of June 10, 1981 No. 17480 «On the Prohibition of Employment after Dismissal from the Public Sector»
    (10/06/1981 tarihli ve 17480 sayılı Kamu Görevlerinden Ayrılanların Yapamayacakları İşler Hakkında Kanun)(Turkish);

  4. Act of April 19, 1990 No. 3628 «On Declaration of Property and Fight against Bribery and Corruption»
    (19/04/1990 tarihli ve 3628 sayılı Mal Bildiriminde Bulunulması, Rüşvet ve Yolsuzluklarla Mücadele Kanunu), (Turkish/English);

  5. Law of May 25, 2004 No. 5176 «On the Establishment of Council of Ethics for Public Service and on Amendments to Specific Laws»
    (25/05/2004 tarihli ve 5176 sayılı Kamu Görevlileri Etik Kurulu Kurulmasi Ve Bazi Kanunlarda Değişiklik Yapilmasi Hakkinda Kanun), (Turkish);

  6. Regulation No. 90/748 on Declaration of Assets
    (Yönetmelik № 90/748 Mal Bildiriminde Bulunulmasi Hakkinda), (Turkish);

  7. Regulation on Ethical Principles of Conduct for Public Officials and Principles and Procedures of Their Application
    (Yönetmelik Kamu Görevlileri Etik Davraniş İlkeleri İle Başvuru Usul Ve Esaslari Hakkinda), (Turkish).

Anti-Corruption Bodies
Italy
  1. National Anti-Corruption Authority
    (Autorità Nazionale Anticorruzione), (Italian).

Turkey
  1. Ministry of Justice of the Republic of Turkey
    (Türkiye Cumhuriyeti Adalet Bakanlığı), (Turkish/English).

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