HSE University Anti-Corruption Portal
Comparison of countries
Italy
Romania
Indices
Overall Score:
53 out of 100
Rank:
52 out of 180
Rank:
41 out of 133
Overall Score:
0,66 out of 1
Rank:
27 out of 128
Overall Score:
71 out of 100
Overall Score:
85 out of 150
Rank:
65 out of 128
Overall Score:
7,9 out of 10
Rank:
27 out of 117
Overall Score:
44 out of 100
Rank:
69 out of 180
Rank:
56 out of 133
Overall Score:
0,63 out of 1
Rank:
32 out of 128
Overall Score:
64 out of 100
Overall Score:
83 out of 150
Rank:
71 out of 128
Overall Score:
7,69 out of 10
Rank:
33 out of 117
International Cooperation
UN
GRECO
OECD
G20
FATF
UN
GRECO
IACA
Italy
  • The UN Convention against Corruption was ratified in 2009.
  • The review under the second cycle of the Implementation Review Mechanism is completed. The country report is available here.
  • GRECO’s member since 2007.
  • The Council of Europe’s Criminal Law Convention on Corruption was ratified in 2013.
  • The Council of Europe’s Civil Law Convention on Corruption was ratified in 2013.
  • The forth evaluation round is completed. The evaluation report is available here.
  • The OECD Convention on Combating Bribery of Foreign Public Officials in International Business Transactions was ratified in 2000.
  • The country is undergoing Phase 3 evaluation of the implementation of the Convention. The report is available here.
  • G20 Presidency is scheduled for 2021.
  • Member of the FATF since 1990.
  • Evaluation Report on compliance with the FATF recommendations is available here.
Romania
  • The UN Convention against Corruption was ratified in 2004.
  • The review under the first cycle of the Implementation Review Mechanism is completed. The executive summary is available here.
  • GRECO’s member since 1999.
  • The Council of Europe’s Criminal Law Convention on Corruption was ratified in 2002.
  • The Council of Europe’s Civil Law Convention on Corruption was ratified in 2002.
  • The fourth evaluation round is completed. The evaluation report is available here.
  • The Agreement for the Establishment of the International Anti-Corruption Academy as an International Organization was ratified in 2011.
Main Legislation
Italy
  1. Code of Criminal Procedure, articles 318-322, 222bis, 346 bis, 357 and 358
    (Codice di procedura penale), (Italian);

  2. Law of July 20, 2004 No. 215 «Procedures for Managing Conflicts of Interest»
    (Legge 20 luglio 2004, n. 215 «Norme in materia di risoluzione dei conflitti di interessi»), (Italian);

  3. Law of November 6, 2012 No. 190 «On Countering Corruption and Unlawfulness in Public Administration»
    (Legge 6 novembre 2012, n. 190 «Disposizioni per la prevenzione e la repressione della corruzione e dell'illegalita' nella pubblica amministrazione»), (Italian);

  4. Decree of the President of the Italian Republic of April 16, 2013 No. 63 «Regulation on the Code of Conduct for Civil Servants»
    (Decreto Del Presidente Della Repubblica del 16 aprile 2013, n. 62 «Regolamento recante codice di comportamento dei dipendenti pubblici»), (Italian);

  5. Legislative Decree No. 165 of March 30, 2001 «General Provisions for Working Conditions in Public Administration»
    (Decreto Legislativo 30 marzo 2001, n. 165 «Norme generali sull'ordinamento del lavoro alle dipendenze delle amministrazioni pubbliche»), (Italian);

  6. Legislative Decree of June 8, 2001 No. 231 «On Administrative Liability of Legal Persons, Companies and Associations and those with no Legal Personality», Article 25
    (Decreto Legislativo 8 giugno 2001, n. 231 «Disciplina della responsabilita' amministrativa delle persone giuridiche, delle societa' e delle associazioni anche prive di personalita' giuridica»), (Italian);

  7. Legislative Decree of March 14, 2013 No. 33 «On the Reorganization of the Procedure for Providing Due Publicity, Transparency and Dissemination of Information by Public Bodies»
    (Decreto Legislativo 14 marzo 2013, n. 33 «Riordino della disciplina riguardante gli obblighi di pubblicita', trasparenza e diffusione di informazioni da parte delle pubbliche amministrazioni»), (Italian).

Romania
  1. Criminal Code, Part V, Chapter I, articles 289-294
    (Privind Codul penal), (Romanian);

  2. Law of October 16, 1996 No. 115 «On Declaration of and Control Over the Assets of Officials, Magistrates and Other Persons Occupying Senior Positions»
    (Lege nr.115 din 16 octombrie 1996 privind declararea şi controlul averii demnitarilor, magistraţilor, funcţionarilor publici şi a unor persoane cu funcţii de conducere), (Romanian/English);

  3. Law No. 188 of December 9, 1999 «On the Status of Civil Servants»
    (Lege nr.188 din 8 decembrie 1999 privind Statutul funcţionarilor publici), (Romanian);

  4. Law of May 8, 2000 No. 78 «On Prevention, Detection of and Sanctioning for Corruption»
    (Lege nr.78 din 8 mai 2000 pentru prevenirea, descoperirea şi sancţionarea faptelor de corupţie), (Romanian/English);

  5. Law No. 176 of September 1, 2010 «On Integrity in the Exercise of Public Functions, Amendments and Supplements to Law No. 144 of May 21, 2007 Regarding the Establishment and Functioning of the National Integrity Agency, and Amendments and Supplements to other Legal Acts»
    (Lege nr.176 din 1 septembrie 2010 privind integritatea în exercitarea funcţiilor şi demnităţilor publice, pentru modificarea şi completarea Legii nr. 144/2007 privind înfiinţarea, organizarea şi funcţionarea Agenţiei Naţionale de Integritate, precum şi pentru modificarea şi completarea altor acte normative), (Romanian);

  6. Law No. 161 of April 19, 2003 «On Certain Measures for Ensuring Transparency in the Exercise of Public Functions in Business Environment and on the Prevention of and Fight against Corruption»
    (Lege nr.161 din 19 aprilie 2003 privind unele măsuri pentru asigurarea transparenţei în exercitarea demnităţilor publice, a funcţiilor publice şi în mediul de afaceri, prevenirea şi sancţionarea corupţiei), (Romanian).

Anti-Corruption Bodies
Italy
  1. National Anti-Corruption Authority
    (Autorità Nazionale Anticorruzione), (Italian).

Romania
  1. National Anti-Corruption Directorate
    (National Anticorruption Directorate), (Romanian/English);

  2. National Agency for Integrity
    (Agentia Nationala de Integritate), (Romanian);

  3. Anti-Corruption General Directorate
    (Direcția Generală Anticorupție), (Romanian/English).

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