HSE University Anti-Corruption Portal
Comparison of countries
Israel
Portugal
Indices
Overall Score:
59 out of 100
Rank:
36 out of 180
Rank:
32 out of 141
Overall Score:
80 out of 150
Rank:
74 out of 128
Overall Score:
7,38 out of 10
Rank:
34 out of 114
Overall Score:
62 out of 100
Rank:
32 out of 180
Rank:
57 out of 141
Overall Score:
0,70 out of 1
Rank:
26 out of 139
Overall Score:
60 out of 100
Overall Score:
73 out of 150
Rank:
92 out of 136
Overall Score:
8,23 out of 10
Rank:
14 out of 114
International Cooperation
UN
OECD
FATF
UN
GRECO
OECD
FATF
Israel
  • The UN Convention against Corruption was ratified in 2009.
  • The review under the first cycle of the Implementation Review Mechanism is completed. The country report is available here.
  • The OECD Convention on Combating Bribery of Foreign Public Officials in International Business Transactions was ratified in 2009.
  • The country is undergoing Phase 3 evaluation of the implementation of the Convention. The report is available here.
  • Member of the FATF since 2018.
  • Evaluation Report on compliance with the FATF recommendations is available here.
  • The Agreement for the Establishment of the International Anti-Corruption Academy as an International Organization was ratified in 2012.
Portugal
  • The UN Convention against Corruption was ratified in 2007.
  • The review under the second cycle of the Implementation Review Mechanism is completed. The country report is available here.
  • GRECO’s member since 2002.
  • The Council of Europe’s Criminal Law Convention on Corruption was ratified in 2002.
  • The Council of Europe’s Civil Law Convention on Corruption is not ratified.
  • The fourth evaluation round is completed. The evaluation report is available here.
  • The OECD Convention on Combating Bribery of Foreign Public Officials in International Business Transactions was ratified in 2000.
  • The country is undergoing Phase 3 evaluation of the implementation of the Convention. The report is available here.
  • Member of the FATF since 1991.
  • Evaluation Report on compliance with the FATF recommendations is available here.
Main Legislation
Israel
  1. Penal Law: Articles 278, 280, 284, 290-295, 297
    (חוק העונשין, תשל"ז-1977: מאמרים 278, 280, 284, 290-295, 297), (Hebrew);

  2. Law of 1969 No. 5729 «On Public Service (Restrictions after Retirement)»
    (חוק שירות הציבור (הגבלות לאחר פרישה), תשכ"ט-1969), (Hebrew);

  3. Law of 1979 No. 5740 «On Public Service (Gifts)»
    (חוק שירות הציבור (מתנות), תש"ם-1979), (Hebrew), (English);

  4. Law of 1997 No. 5757 «On Protection of Employees (Exposure of Offences of Unethical Conduct and Improper Administration)»
    (חוק הגנה על עובדים (חשיפת עבירות ופגיעה בטוהר המידות או במינהל התקין), תשנ"ז-1997), (Hebrew);

  5. Law of 2016 No. 2584 «On the Declaration of Assets in Public Service»
    (חוק שירות הציבור (הצהרת הון), תשע"ז-2016)(Hebrew);

  6. Code for Civil Service
    (קוד אתי לשירות המדינה), (Hebrew).

 

Portugal
  1. Criminal Code: Articles 335, 363, 372-374-B, 376-377-A, 379, 382
    (Codigo Penal 2003: Artigos 335, 363, 372-374-B, 376-377-A, 379, 382), (Portuguese);

  2. Law of July 16, 1987 «Misconduct of Persons Occupying Most Senior Government Positions»
    (Lei n.º 34/87, de 16 de Julho Crimes da Responsabilidade de Titulares de Cargos Políticos), (Portuguese);

  3. Law of April 21, 2008 No. 19 «On Measures against Corruption»
    (Lei n.º 19/2008, de 21 de Abril Medidas de Combate à Corrupção), (Portuguese);

  4. Law of April 21, 2008 No. 20 «On Criminal Liability for Corruption Crimes in International Trade and in the Private Sector»
    (Lei n.º 20/2008, de 21 de Abril Novo regime penal de corrupção no comércio internacional e no sector privado), (Portuguese);

  5. Law No. 52 of July 31, 2019 «On the Adoption of the Rules Regulating the Exercise of Functions by the Individuals Holding Political Positions and High Public Positions»
    (Lei n.º 52/2019, de 31 de Julho Aprova o regime do exercício de funções por titulares de cargos políticos e altos cargos públicos), (Portuguese);

  6. Decree Law No. 109-E/2021 of December 9, 2021 «On the Establishment of a National Anti-Corruption Committee and the Establishment of a General Regime for the Prevention of Corruption»
    (Decreto-Lei n.º 109-E/2021, de 9 de Dezembro Mecanismo Nacional Anticorrupção e estabelece o regime geral de prevenção da corrupção), (Portuguese);

  7. Law No. 93/2021 of December 20, 2021 «On the Establishment of a General Protection Regime for Whistleblowers»
    (Lei n.º 93/2021, de 20 de Dezembro Estabelece o regime geral de proteção de denunciantes de infrações), (Portuguese).

Anti-Corruption Bodies
Israel
  1. Ministry of Justice Anti-Corruption Department
    (אשכול מניעת שחיתות), (Hebrew); 

  2. State Comptroller and Ombudsman of Israel
    (מבקר המדינה ונציב תלונות הציבור), (Hebrew), (English);

  3. Lahav 433, Israel Police
    (יחידת להב 433‏‎), (Hebrew).

Portugal
  1. Council for the Prevention of Corruption
    (Conselho de Prevenção da Corrupção), (Portuguese);

  2. National Anti-Corruption Judicial Police Unit
    (Unidade Nacional de Combate à Corrupção da Polícia Judiciária), (Portuguese).

We use cookies in order to improve the quality and usability of the HSE website. More information about the use of cookies is available here, and the regulations on processing personal data can be found here. By continuing to use the site, you hereby confirm that you have been informed of the use of cookies by the HSE website and agree with our rules for processing personal data. You may disable cookies in your browser settings.